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Jagt-Yazykova E.A.,University of Opole | Zonova T.D.,All Russian Petroleum Research Exploration Institute VNIGRI
Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation | Year: 2012

This work presents the results of a study of the biogeographical distribution of Late Albian-Maastrichtian ammonites, found in sequences of the Pacific coast of Russia. The taxa typical of the Pacific Realm were identified, and their distribution traced beyond the borders of this region. In addition, species-migrants, distributed within the studied area were established. As a results of our works, a high level of endemism of ammonite fauna of the East of Russia was noted (75-88% of endemic species, on average). The bipolarity, previously established in the distribution of ammonoids within the Pacific Paleobiogeographical Realm, as well as their high regional provincialism, was confirmed. The following division of the studied area into faunal ammonite provinces in the Late Cretaceous was proposed: Arctic Province; Boreal-Pacific Province, including northeastern Russia (Chukotka Peninsula, the Koryak Upland, Penzhyna Gulf) and the boreal coast of North America (Alaska Peninsula, Arctic Canada and British Columbia); Northwest Pacific Province, including the Primorye Territory, Sakhalin and Shikotan Islands, the Japanese Islands; Northeast Province of the Pacific (the western coast of the United States and Mexico); Southwest Pacific (Australia, New Zealand, Oceania) and Southeast (the western coast of South America and Antarctica, Seymour and James Ross Islands) Provinces. This division is confirmed by data on inoceramid species. In addition, levels of global transgressions and general sea level rise, associated with the appearances of most of widespread marine taxa in the Pacific shelf seas, are established. These include Late Albian, Cenomanian-Turonian boundary, Late Coniacian, Late Campanian, Early-Late Maastrichtian boundary. Moreover, migration of ammonites occurred due to the Tethys Ocean extension and followed the northern sea straits in the Arctic Ocean and within the Pacific Realm, depending on warm currents. Both the counter and one-way migrations were established. © 2012 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Kontorovich A.E.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Epov M.I.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Burshtein L.M.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Kaminskii V.D.,All Russian Scientific and Research Institute of Geology and Mineral resources of the World Ocean | And 6 more authors.
Russian Geology and Geophysics | Year: 2010

The overall jump in global demand for gas, and especially oil, gives rise to particular concern regarding mankind's energy future. In the middle and late 21st century, the crucial role in securing oil and gas supply of mankind will be played by sedimentary basins in the Arctic Ocean deep-water area, including those of the continental shelf in Russia's Arctic seas. There is a 0.90 probability that the initial in-place resources of hydrocarbons in the Arctic Ocean will be greater than 90 Btoe. The estimates predict the rise of oil and gas industries on the Arctic shelves in the near future. © 2009.

Iosifidi A.G.,All Russian Petroleum Research Exploration Institute VNIGRI | Mac Niocaill C.,University of Oxford | Khramov A.N.,All Russian Petroleum Research Exploration Institute VNIGRI | Dekkers M.J.,University Utrecht | Popov V.V.,All Russian Petroleum Research Exploration Institute VNIGRI
Tectonophysics | Year: 2010

We present new palaeomagnetic data from Upper Carboniferous and Lower Permian grey and red sediments from the Donets Basin, Ukraine, part of the Palaeozoic East European Platform. Detailed demagnetization of these units reveals two ancient components of magnetization: component "B", which is carried by magnetite and pigmentary haematite, and a high unblocking temperature component "C", present only in the red beds, carried by detrital haematite. The "B" and "C" components both pass fold tests indicating a primary or a near primary-origin for magnetizations. The "C" component, however, yields palaeolatiudes that are consistently lower (by up to ~. 12° of latitude or ~. 1330. km) than those derived from the "B" component, and we argue that this is due to significant inclination-shallowing of the "C"-component. A comparison with European reference palaeomagnetic data reveals that the reference data also span a large spread of palaeolatitudes for this time, and we argue that unrecognized shallowing may have crept into the reference data when based on sedimentary units. A more rigorous approach to selecting reference palaeomagnetic data may well be key to resolving palaeogeographic controversies at this time. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

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