All Russian Exhibition Center

Moscow, Russia

All Russian Exhibition Center

Moscow, Russia
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Kuzmina S.A.,International Ice Age Paleontology Consulting | Kuzmina S.A.,All Russian Exhibition Center
Contemporary Problems of Ecology | Year: 2017

Macroentomology analysis mainly studies terrestrial insect species with a hard exoskeleton (Coleoptera, some Hymenoptera, Homoptera, and sometimes other orders). The method has shown a great potential for environmental and climatic paleoreconstructions of the Quaternary worldwide. A large volume of the entomological material has also been collected in Siberia. However, an analysis of the published data demonstrates that the investigations of fossil insects are irregular in Siberia. The most studied sites are in Northwestern and Central Siberia and in northeastern Russia. The rest of Siberia is still almost unstudied. This work aims to present this method (sampling method, laboratory treatment, and examples of paleoreconstructions) to a wide group of researches. In some cases, the study of insects allows one to make more accurate reconstructions than traditional paleobotanical methods. The application of this method is effective for recognizing differences in herbaceous communities similar in appearance, which were typical for the cold periods in the Pleistocene. © 2017, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Kirillova I.V.,All Russian Exhibition Center | Shidlovskiy F.K.,All Russian Exhibition Center
Quaternary Science Reviews | Year: 2010

A unique find of a woolly rhinoceros skull bearing both nasal and frontal horns is described from a thermokarst lake of the Bol'shaya Chukoch'ya River basin in north-eastern Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russia. Based on counts of cementum layers of the maxillary first molar and dark and transverse bands of the nasal and frontal horns a correlation of individual age records within these structures is established. Both estimations of individual age are agreed as well as three other age estimation criteria followed from cranial characteristics, general aspects of dentition and tooth wear pattern. Thus, the number of horn bands, which is equal to 30 or 31, does express the individual age at the moment when the woolly rhinoceros died. The tooth cementum and both horns are proved to be recording structures of woolly rhinoceroses which can be used as precise individual age estimation criteria. The season in which death occurred is also discussed. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Kirillova I.V.,All Russian Exhibition Center | Shidlovskiy F.K.,All Russian Exhibition Center | Titov V.V.,Russian Academy of Sciences
Quaternary International | Year: 2012

Taimyr Peninsula is a unique region of Northern Russia, with spectacular outstanding finds of complete mammoth skeletons and carcasses. In 2008, a skeleton of a small female mammoth was found in the Upper Karga deposits of Kastykhtakh River valley. The animal lived during the Middle Valdai megainterstage (Weichselian, Denekamp Interstadial) about 32070-30565 BP. The skeleton contains 104 bones. The individual shows several peculiar features, including skeletal malformations, such as the fissure in the atlas' neural arch, several fractures of ribs having been broken independently, sigmoid contact between lower molars m2 and m3, and a notable displacement of m2 relative to the axis of the mandible. © 2011.

Shidlovskiy F.K.,All Russian Exhibition Center | Kirillova I.V.,All Russian Exhibition Center | Wood J.,All Russian Exhibition Center
Quaternary International | Year: 2012

The Ice Age Museum (Moscow, Russia) houses the most representative collection of woolly rhinoceros horns in the world. It consists in about 30 complete and fragmentary specimens from the Late Pleistocene deposits of Northern Yakutia and Chukotka. This collection includes five complete sets of nasal and frontal horns of the same individual (two sets with their own proper skull); series of horns of different individual age: from juvenile to old; horns of specific structure; a series of horns of a different stage of preservation from a relatively good one to a rather poor one, displaying various stages of organic matter decay. The most interesting specimens from this collection are described in brief. The horn collection of Ice Age Museum has important significance for the understanding of the woolly rhinoceros adaptive biology and ecology in the Ice Age period. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

Kirillova I.V.,All Russian Exhibition Center | Spasskaya N.N.,Moscow State University
Russian Journal of Theriology | Year: 2015

The paper summarizes results of the archaeozoological and taphonomic studies of the osteological materials from floodplain settlement (complexes "Nastil 2", "Fire 1") and burial mounds of the medieval Gnezdovo. Mostly cranial remnants of the complex "Nastil 2" are characteristic of so-called "storages" sacrifice, which is recorded for this site for the first time. Animal bones of the "Fire 1" layer were heavily affected by the fire that changed bone tissues in various degrees depending on the temperature. Horse remains of the burial mounds Ts-255 also bear traces of a fire affect, which could be indirect (for example, through a thin soil layer). It changes previous idea of the way the inhumation by indicating cremation. Horse remains of the Gnezdovo show differences in the size class and proportion of skeletal elements. Gracile first phalanges of the horse of the Ts-191 burial indicate their belonging to a southern race. This feature is absent in other remains thus suggesting heterogeneity of the horse breed composition in the Gnezdovo. This is consistent both with the heterogeneity of ethnic composition and with the presence of imported artifacts in the burials. Specificity of the Gnezdovo burials with horses (a separate horse burials; a burial of a rider with his horse; a horse belonging to one owner) demonstrates a special relationship of the residents with riding horses. © RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF THERIOLOGY, 2015.

Tiunov A.V.,RAS A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution | Kirillova I.V.,All Russian Exhibition Center
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry | Year: 2010

The extinct woolly rhinoceros Coelodonta antiquitatis is a prominent member of the Mammuthus-Coelodonta faunal complex, but its biology is poorly known, partly because very few specimens with well-preserved soft tissues have been discovered to date. However, the permafrost-preserved horns of the woolly rhinoceros are recording structures which contain isotopic records of the diet, environmental conditions and physiological status of the animal during most of its life. In this study we report the first data on the pattern of carbon (13C/12C) and nitrogen (15N/14N) isotopic composition along the nasal horn of woolly rhinoceros. We found systematic variations in δ13C and δ15N values associated with morphologically expressed transverse banding of the horn. The comparative analysis of isotopic variation in keratinous tissues of extant and extinct herbivores suggests that the oscillation in isotopic composition of the horn was induced by seasonal changes in the diet. Although the compiled evidence is in part contradictory, we suggest that more positive δ13C and δ15N values associated with dark-colored and less dense zones of the horn indicate a summer diet. More dense and light-colored zones of the horn have lower δ13C and δ15N values possibly indicating a larger proportion of woody and shrub vegetation in the winter diet. The validity of these conclusions has to be proven in further investigations, but our data underline the potential of isotopic analysis for studies on diet and habitat use by extinct members of Pleistocene fauna. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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