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Morgunova I.P.,All Russia Science Res Institute For Geol And Mineral Res Of The World Ocean Named After Is Gramberg | Ivanov V.N.,State Enterprise Polar Marine Geosurvey Expedition | Litvinenko I.V.,All Russia Science Res Institute For Geol And Mineral Res Of The World Ocean Named After Is Gramberg | Petrova V.I.,All Russia Science Res Institute For Geol And Mineral Res Of The World Ocean Named After Is Gramberg | And 2 more authors.
Oceanology | Year: 2012

Comparative studies of the composition and distribution of the dispersed organic matter (DOM) were performed for the bottom sediments from active areas of the Ashadze hydrothermal field (the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 13° N) and for background sediments from the area treated (sampled during the cruises of R/V Professor Logachev in 2003 and 2007). The content of hydrocarbons (HCs) in the hydrothermal samples is about 20 times as high as the background values. The HCs composition includes both low-transformed (isoprenoids, hopenes, ββ-hopanes, and ααα27R-steranes) and geologically mature chemofossils (C16-C35 n-alkanes, geohopanes, moretanes, and polyaromatic hydrocarbons). The polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are mainly represented by phenanthrene and its alkyl homologues, i.e., by possible products of the diagenetic transformation of biogenic precursors. The results obtained point to the mixed genesis of the hydrothermal DOM, which is caused first by the diversity of the biota composition in the considered region, as well as by the specificity of the processes of the DOM's maturing under the extreme environmental conditions. © 2012 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. Source

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