All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM

Saint Petersburg, Russia

All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM

Saint Petersburg, Russia

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Safronova V.I.,All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM | Kimeklis A.K.,All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM | Chizhevskaya E.P.,All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM | Belimov A.A.,All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM | And 5 more authors.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology | Year: 2014

Sixteen bacterial strains were isolated from root nodules of Vavilovia formosa plants originated from the North Ossetian State Natural Reserve (Caucasus, Russia). Phylogenetic analysis of these strains was performed using partial 16S rRNA gene and internally transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences. The results showed that the isolates belong to three families of root nodule bacteria. Twelve of them were related to the genus Rhizobium (family Rhizobiaceae) but four strains can be most probably identified as Phyllobacterium-related (family Phyllobacteriaceae), Bosea- and Rhodopseudomonas-related (family Bradyrhizobiaceae). Amplified fragment length polymorphism clustering was congruent with ITS phylogeny but displayed more variability for Rhizobium isolates, which formed a single group at the level of 30 % similarity. We expect that the isolates obtained can belong to new taxa at genus, species or subspecies levels. The results of PCR amplification of the nodulation genes nodC and nodX showed their presence in all Rhizobium isolates and one Rhodopseudomonas-related isolate. The nodC gene sequences of V. formosa isolates were closely related to those of the species Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae but formed separate clusters and did not intermingle with any reference strains. The presence of the nodX gene, which is necessary for nodulation of Afghan peas (Pisum sativum L.) originated from the Middle East, allows the speculation that these wild-type pea cultivars may be the closest existing relatives of V. formosa. Thus, the studies of genetic diversity and symbiotic genes of V. formosa microsymbionts provide the primary information about their phylogeny and contribute to the conservation of this relict leguminous species. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Safronova V.I.,All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM | Kuznetsova I.G.,All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM | Sazanova A.L.,All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM | Kimeklis A.K.,All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM | And 8 more authors.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology | Year: 2015

The Gram–negative, rod-shaped slow-growing strains Vaf-17, Vaf-18T and Vaf-43 were isolated from the nodules of Vavilovia formosa plants growing in the hard-to-reach mountainous region of the North Ossetian State Natural Reserve (north Caucasus, Russian Federation). The sequencing of 16S rDNA (rrs), ITS region and five housekeeping genes (atpD, dnaK, recA, gyrB and rpoB) showed that the isolated strains were most closely related to the species Bosea lathyri (class Alphaproteobacteria, family Bradyrhizobiaceae) which was described for isolates from root nodules of Lathyrus latifolius. However the sequence similarity between the isolated strains and the type strain B. lathyri LMG 26379T for the ITS region was 90 % and for the housekeeping genes it was ranged from 92 to 95 %. All phylogenetic trees, except for the rrs-dendrogram showed that the isolates from V. formosa formed well-separated clusters within the Bosea group. Differences in phenotypic properties of the B. lathyri type strain and the isolates from V. formosa were studied using the microassay system GENIII MicroPlate BioLog. Whole-cell fatty acid analysis showed that the strains Vaf-17, Vaf-18T and Vaf-43 had notable amounts of C16:0 (4.8–6.0 %), C16:0 3-OH (6.4–6.6 %), C16:1 ω5c (8.8–9.0 %), C17:0 cyclo (13.5–13.9 %), C18:1 ω7c (43.4–45.4 %), C19:0 cyclo ω8c (10.5–12.6 %) and Summed Feature (SF) 3 (6.4–8.0 %). The DNA–DNA relatedness between the strains Vaf-18T and B. lathyri LMG 26379T was 24.0 %. On the basis of genotypic and phenotypic analysis a new species Bosea vaviloviae sp. nov. (type strain RCAM 02129T = LMG 28367T = Vaf-18T) is proposed. © 2015, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.


Dolgikh E.A.,All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM | Leppyanen I.V.,All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM | Osipova M.A.,All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM | Savelyeva N.V.,Saint Petersburg State University | And 4 more authors.
Plant Biology | Year: 2011

In legumes, perception of rhizobial lipochitooligosacharide-based molecules (Nod factors) and subsequent signal transduction triggers transcription of plant symbiosis-specific genes (early nodulins). We present genetic dissection of Nod factor-controlled processes in Pisum sativum using two early nodulin genes PsENOD12a and PsENOD5, that are differentially up-regulated during symbiosis. A novel set of non-nodulating pea mutants in fourteen loci was examined, among which seven loci are not described in Lotus japonicus and Medicago truncatula. Mutants defective in Pssym10, Pssym8, Pssym19, Pssym9 and Pssym7 exhibited no PsENOD12a and PsENOD5 activation in response to Nod factor-producing rhizobia. Thus, a conserved signalling module from the LysM receptor kinase encoded by Pssym10 down to the GRAS transcription factor encoded by Pssym7 is essential for Nod factor-induced gene expression. Of the two investigated genes, PsENOD5 was more strictly regulated; not only requiring the SYM10-SYM7 module, but also SYM35 (NIN transcription factor), SYM14, SYM16 and SYM34. Since Pssym35, Pssym14, Pssym34 and Pssym16 mutants show arrested infection and nodule formation at various stages, PsENOD5 expression seems to be essential for later symbiotic events, when rhizobia enter into plant tissues. Activation of PsENOD12a only requires components involved in early steps of signalling and can be considered as a marker of early symbiotic events preceding infection. © 2010 German Botanical Society and The Royal Botanical Society of the Netherlands.


Azarakhsh M.,Saint Petersburg State University | Kirienko A.N.,All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM | Zhukov V.A.,All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM | Lebedeva M.A.,Saint Petersburg State University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Experimental Botany | Year: 2015

KNOX transcription factors (TFs) regulate different aspects of plant development essentially through their effects on phytohormone metabolism. In particular, KNOX TF SHOOTMERISTEMLESS activates the cytokinin biosynthesis ISOPENTENYL TRANSFERASE (IPT) genes in the shoot apical meristem. However, the role of KNOX TFs in symbiotic nodule development and their possible effects on phytohormone metabolism during nodulation have not been studied to date. Cytokinin is a well-known regulator of nodule development, playing the key role in the regulation of cell division during nodule primordium formation. Recently, the activation of IPT genes was shown to take place during nodulation. Therefore, it was hypothesized that KNOX TFs may regulate nodule development and activate cytokinin biosynthesis upon nodulation. This study analysed the expression of different KNOX genes in Medicago truncatula Gaertn. and Pisum sativum L. Among them, the KNOX3 gene was upregulated in response to rhizobial inoculation in both species. pKNOX3::GUS activity was observed in developing nodule primordium. KNOX3 ectopic expression caused the formation of nodule-like structures on transgenic root without bacterial inoculation, a phenotype similar to one described previously for legumes with constitutive activation of the cytokinin receptor. Furthermore, in transgenic roots with MtKNOX3 knockdown, downregulation of A-type cytokinin response genes was found, as well as the MtIPT3 and LONELYGUY2 (MtLOG2) gene being involved in cytokinin activation. Taken together, these findings suggest that KNOX3 gene is involved in symbiotic nodule development and may regulate cytokinin biosynthesis/activation upon nodule development in legume plants. © 2015 The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology.


PubMed | All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM and Saint Petersburg State University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of experimental botany | Year: 2016

KNOX transcription factors (TFs) regulate different aspects of plant development essentially through their effects on phytohormone metabolism. In particular, KNOX TF SHOOTMERISTEMLESS activates the cytokinin biosynthesis ISOPENTENYL TRANSFERASE (IPT) genes in the shoot apical meristem. However, the role of KNOX TFs in symbiotic nodule development and their possible effects on phytohormone metabolism during nodulation have not been studied to date. Cytokinin is a well-known regulator of nodule development, playing the key role in the regulation of cell division during nodule primordium formation. Recently, the activation of IPT genes was shown to take place during nodulation. Therefore, it was hypothesized that KNOX TFs may regulate nodule development and activate cytokinin biosynthesis upon nodulation. This study analysed the expression of different KNOX genes in Medicago truncatula Gaertn. and Pisum sativum L. Among them, the KNOX3 gene was upregulated in response to rhizobial inoculation in both species. pKNOX3::GUS activity was observed in developing nodule primordium. KNOX3 ectopic expression caused the formation of nodule-like structures on transgenic root without bacterial inoculation, a phenotype similar to one described previously for legumes with constitutive activation of the cytokinin receptor. Furthermore, in transgenic roots with MtKNOX3 knockdown, downregulation of A-type cytokinin response genes was found, as well as the MtIPT3 and LONELYGUY2 (MtLOG2) gene being involved in cytokinin activation. Taken together, these findings suggest that KNOX3 gene is involved in symbiotic nodule development and may regulate cytokinin biosynthesis/activation upon nodule development in legume plants.


PubMed | All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM, Saint Petersburg State University and RAS Institute of Cytology and Genetics
Type: | Journal: International journal of genomics | Year: 2015

The large size and complexity of the garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) genome hamper its sequencing and the discovery of pea gene resources. Although transcriptome sequencing provides extensive information about expressed genes, some tissue-specific transcripts can only be identified from particular organs under appropriate conditions. In this study, we performed RNA sequencing of polyadenylated transcripts from young pea nodules and root tips on an Illumina GAIIx system, followed by de novo transcriptome assembly using the Trinity program. We obtained more than 58,000 and 37,000 contigs from Nodules and Root Tips assemblies, respectively. The quality of the assemblies was assessed by comparison with pea expressed sequence tags and transcriptome sequencing project data available from NCBI website. The Nodules assembly was compared with the Root Tips assembly and with pea transcriptome sequencing data from projects indicating tissue specificity. As a result, approximately 13,000 nodule-specific contigs were found and annotated by alignment to known plant protein-coding sequences and by Gene Ontology searching. Of these, 581 sequences were found to possess full CDSs and could thus be considered as novel nodule-specific transcripts of pea. The information about pea nodule-specific gene sequences can be applied for gene-based markers creation, polymorphism studies, and real-time PCR.


PubMed | All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Archives of microbiology | Year: 2015

Eleven extra-slow-growing strains were isolated from nodules of the relict legume Vavilovia formosa growing in North Ossetia (Caucasus) and Armenia. All isolates formed a single rrs cluster together with the type strain Tardiphaga robiniae LMG 26467(T), while the sequencing of the 16S-23S rDNA intergenic region (ITS) and housekeeping genes glnII, atpD, dnaK, gyrB, recA and rpoB divided them into three groups. North Ossetian isolates (in contrast to the Armenian ones) were clustered separately from the type strain LMG 26467(T). However, all isolates were classified as T. robiniae because the DNA-DNA relatedness between them and the type strain LMG 26467(T) was 69.6% minimum. Two symbiosis-related genes (nodM and nodT) were amplified in all isolated Tardiphaga strains. It was shown that the nodM gene phylogeny is similar to that of ITS and housekeeping genes. The presence of the other symbiosis-related genes in described Tardiphaga strains, which is recently described genus of rhizobia, as well as their ability to form nodules on any plants are under investigation.


PubMed | All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Plant biology (Stuttgart, Germany) | Year: 2011

In legumes, perception of rhizobial lipochitooligosacharide-based molecules (Nod factors) and subsequent signal transduction triggers transcription of plant symbiosis-specific genes (early nodulins). We present genetic dissection of Nod factor-controlled processes in Pisum sativum using two early nodulin genes PsENOD12a and PsENOD5, that are differentially up-regulated during symbiosis. A novel set of non-nodulating pea mutants in fourteen loci was examined, among which seven loci are not described in Lotus japonicus and Medicago truncatula. Mutants defective in Pssym10, Pssym8, Pssym19, Pssym9 and Pssym7 exhibited no PsENOD12a and PsENOD5 activation in response to Nod factor-producing rhizobia. Thus, a conserved signalling module from the LysM receptor kinase encoded by Pssym10 down to the GRAS transcription factor encoded by Pssym7 is essential for Nod factor-induced gene expression. Of the two investigated genes, PsENOD5 was more strictly regulated; not only requiring the SYM10-SYM7 module, but also SYM35 (NIN transcription factor), SYM14, SYM16 and SYM34. Since Pssym35, Pssym14, Pssym34 and Pssym16 mutants show arrested infection and nodule formation at various stages, PsENOD5 expression seems to be essential for later symbiotic events, when rhizobia enter into plant tissues. Activation of PsENOD12a only requires components involved in early steps of signalling and can be considered as a marker of early symbiotic events preceding infection.


PubMed | All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM, Lancaster University and All Russia Research Institute of Rice
Type: | Journal: Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB | Year: 2014

Although endogenous phytohormones such as abscisic acid (ABA) regulate root growth, and many rhizobacteria can modulate root phytohormone status, hitherto there have been no reports of rhizobacteria mediating root ABA concentrations and growth by metabolising ABA. Using a selective ABA-supplemented medium, two bacterial strains were isolated from the rhizosphere of rice (Oryza sativa) seedlings grown in sod-podzolic soil and assigned to Rhodococcus sp. P1Y and Novosphingobium sp. P6W using partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing and phenotypic patterns by the GEN III MicroPlate test. Although strain P6W had more rapid growth in ABA-supplemented media than strain P1Y, both could utilize ABA as a sole carbon source in batch culture. When rice seeds were germinated on filter paper in association with bacteria, root ABA concentration was not affected, but shoot ABA concentration of inoculated plants decreased by 14% (strain P6W) and 22% (strain P1Y). When tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) genotypes differing in ABA biosynthesis (ABA deficient mutants flacca - flc, and notabilis - not and the wild-type cv. Ailsa Craig, WT) were grown in gnotobiotic cultures on nutrient solution agar, rhizobacterial inoculation decreased root and/or leaf ABA concentrations, depending on plant and bacteria genotypes. Strain P6W inhibited primary root elongation of all genotypes, but increased leaf biomass of WT plants. In WT plants treated with silver ions that inhibit ethylene perception, both ABA-metabolising strains significantly decreased root ABA concentration, and strain P6W decreased leaf ABA concentration. Since these changes in ABA status also occurred in plants that were not treated with silver, it suggests that ethylene was probably not involved in regulating bacteria-mediated changes in ABA concentration. Correlations between plant growth and ABA concentrations in planta suggest that ABA-metabolising rhizobacteria may stimulate growth via an ABA-dependent mechanism.


PubMed | All Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology ARRIAM
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek | Year: 2014

Sixteen bacterial strains were isolated from root nodules of Vavilovia formosa plants originated from the North Ossetian State Natural Reserve (Caucasus, Russia). Phylogenetic analysis of these strains was performed using partial 16S rRNA gene and internally transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences. The results showed that the isolates belong to three families of root nodule bacteria. Twelve of them were related to the genus Rhizobium (family Rhizobiaceae) but four strains can be most probably identified as Phyllobacterium-related (family Phyllobacteriaceae), Bosea- and Rhodopseudomonas-related (family Bradyrhizobiaceae). Amplified fragment length polymorphism clustering was congruent with ITS phylogeny but displayed more variability for Rhizobium isolates, which formed a single group at the level of 30 % similarity. We expect that the isolates obtained can belong to new taxa at genus, species or subspecies levels. The results of PCR amplification of the nodulation genes nodC and nodX showed their presence in all Rhizobium isolates and one Rhodopseudomonas-related isolate. The nodC gene sequences of V. formosa isolates were closely related to those of the species Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae but formed separate clusters and did not intermingle with any reference strains. The presence of the nodX gene, which is necessary for nodulation of Afghan peas (Pisum sativum L.) originated from the Middle East, allows the speculation that these wild-type pea cultivars may be the closest existing relatives of V. formosa. Thus, the studies of genetic diversity and symbiotic genes of V. formosa microsymbionts provide the primary information about their phylogeny and contribute to the conservation of this relict leguminous species.

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