Alfarabi Colleges

Saudi Arabia

Alfarabi Colleges

Saudi Arabia
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Butchibabu K.,Alfarabi Colleges | Baroudi K.,Alfarabi Colleges
Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia | Year: 2016

Background and Aims: Local anesthetics (LAs) are most commonly used agents in dentistry. They are used to prevent the pain and nociception generated during dental procedures. Since pain associated at the time of injection of LA is uncomfortable, most of the dentists are on pursuit of painless administration of LA injection and use of topical anesthetics prior to the injection has proven effective in reducing anxiety and pain to the patient. The aim of this study is to compare pain responses after application of three types of topical anesthetics with control in the patients referred for periodontal full mouth flap surgery. Materials and Methods: A total of 83 patients (42 males and 41 females) participated in the study with age group ranging from 30 to 50 years. The present study is to evaluate the efficacy of three topical anesthetics (Precaine gel, Benzocaine topical paste and Lignocaine spray) before infiltration in altering visual analog scale (VAS) scores of pain during LA injection. The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 15.0 software. Repeated analysis of variance was performed to know the effect of each variable and reveal statistical significance. Results: Results revealed that Precaine gel had least VAS score compared with other topical anesthetics. Conclusion: From the present study, it can be concluded that procaine gel is a better than other topical LA agents, as the number of studies on this subject is rare and clinical results are mixed, further studies are required with a larger sample before its routine application in our field. © 2016 Saudi Journal of Anesthesia.


PubMed | Alfarabi Colleges
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of research in pharmacy practice | Year: 2016

Periodontitis is known to have multifactorial etiology, involving interplay between environmental, host and microbial factors. The current treatment approaches are aimed at reducing the pathogenic microorganisms. Administration of beneficial bacteria (probiotics) has emerged as a promising concept in the prevention and treatment of periodontitis. Thus, the aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy of the local use of probiotics as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of patients with chronic periodontitis and halitosis.This is a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded trial involving 32 systemically healthy chronic periodontitis patients. After SRP, the subjects were randomly assigned into the test and control groups. Test group (SRP + probiotics) received subgingival delivery of probiotics and probiotic mouthwash, and control group (SRP + placebo) received subgingival delivery of placebo and placebo mouthwash for 15 days. Plaque index (PI), modified gingival index (MGI), and bleeding index (BI) were assessed at baseline, 1 and 3 months thereafter, whereas probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment level were assessed at baseline and after 3 months. Microbial assessment using N-benzoyl-DL-arginine-naphthylamide (BANA) and halitosis assessment using organoleptic scores (ORG) was done at baseline, 1 and 3 months.All the clinical and microbiological parameters were significantly reduced in both groups at the end of the study. Inter-group comparison of PD reduction (PDR) and clinical attachment gain (CAG) revealed no statistical significance except for PDR in moderate pockets for the test group. Test group has shown statistically significant improvement in PI, MGI, and BI at 3 months compared to control group. Inter-group comparison revealed a significant reduction in BANA in test group at 1 month. ORG were significantly reduced in test group when compared to control group.Within the limitations of the study, the present investigation showed that the adjunctive use of probiotics offers clinical benefit in terms of pocket depth reduction in moderate pockets and reduced oral malodor parameters.


PubMed | Indian Ocean Dental College and Hospital, King Saud University and Alfarabi Colleges
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of international oral health : JIOH | Year: 2015

Organized dentistry has recognized the role of oral health professionals in discouraging tobacco use. Unexplored level of knowledge regarding the benefits and prescription of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) have aroused interest among us which initiated us to assess the knowledge and perception of dental students toward NRT among various dental colleges in Karnataka, South India.A questionnaire survey was done among 16 selected colleges in Karnataka. It was distributed for 3(rd) year, final year, and interns. The study group provided answers to 14 item close-ended questionnaire. The first dimension obtained information on sex, age, course and year of study, and other dimension on forms in which NRTs are supplied, effectiveness of NRTs, side effects of NRTs, rate of success of NRTs, electronic cigars, and recommendations of NRTs. Statistical analysis was done using frequency distribution of responses.A total of 1984 undergraduate students from Dental Colleges in Karnataka responded to the questionnaire. Most of the students were unaware about NRT term and its forms. Most of the students were aware about the effectiveness of NRTs (54%) for the rescue of the smokers to quit and felt transdermal patch (42%) could be the most effective way for smokers to quit followed by chewing gums, respectively. More than half of the respondents (53.5%) were unaware of E-cigars and also felt that NRTs and Counseling cumulatively can contribute for cessation of the tobacco habit.A large proportion of dental students in this part of the country were unaware about NRT.


PubMed | Ain Shams University, Al Farabi Colleges Riyadh and Alfarabi Colleges
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016

Separation of endodontic files during root canal treatment is a common multifactorial problem facing most of dental practitioners both dentists and students that has high impact on treatment and prognosis outcome.To compare the incidence, factors and treatment options of separated endodontic files among dentists and undergraduate students in Riyadh area.A survery of 35-questionnaire was formulated and e-mailed to all 149 dentists of different dental specialties who are working in different clinical centers in Riyadh area and are attending the 26(th) Saudi Dental Society International Dental Conference in addition to 130 undergraduate students in different dental colleges in Riyadh. Overall, 118 participants of dentists completed the survey, with response rate of 79% and the same number of students with response rate of 90.7%.Total of 57.6% dentists faced separated files problem during root canal preparation, while only 7.6% of students faced this problem. 53% of separated endodontic files (SEF) were hand files, 65% stainless steel files, 81% were small size files most common sizes (#15-20) (p <0.0001). Causes of SEF were root Canal anatomy, in 45%. 66% of SEF occurred in curved canals, 98% were in molars in mesiobuccal and mesiolingual canals, (p <0.0001). 44% of SEF were successfully bypassed, 53% were successfully removed from coronal third of root canal, 42% of SEF successfully removed using ultrasonics under visualization of operating microscope. 73% of retained SEF cases showed good prognosis, (p <0.0001).SEF is a multifactorial clinical problem that must be either removed, by passed to allow complete cleaning, shaping, disinfection, obturation and effective coronal seal.


PubMed | Alfarabi Colleges, Vyas Dental College and Hospital, Care Institute of Medical Science and Alfarabi Colleges Riyadh
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The journal of contemporary dental practice | Year: 2015

Paleomicrobiology is a special branch of micropaleontology concerned with the study of bacterial fossils. We have used the term oral paleomicrobiology, as in this review we have focused on the ancient oral microflora. Recently, dental calculus and dental pulp have been identified as rich sources of ancient microbial DNA. Study of this ancient genetic material opens a new door to the ancient world. This review gives an overview of history of ancient DNA research, various techniques of analyzing ancient DNA in dental calculus and dental pulp, and the implications of the oral paleomicrobiology.A comprehensive literature search was performed in the following databases-pubmed, medline and google scholar for studies published before 10 April, 2015. The following keywords were used- ancient DNA, ancient oral flora, oral paleomicrobiology and oral microbiome, 16S rRNA sequencing. To obtain additional data, a manual search was performed using the reference lists of selected articles.As a result of literature search, 27 articles were found in pubmed, 12 in google scholar and one in medline. Eight more articles were selected from the reference list of selected articles.The combination of microbiology and paleontology has brought a revolution in the study of human evolution and microbial communities. The naturally well-preserved samples of microbial DNA from dental pulp and microbial colonies trapped in dental calculus are a potential source of microbial genetic material, which will prove invaluable in resolving mysteries of the past. This may be a beginning of a new era of oral paleomicrobiology, which will contribute in our studies about prevention of disease by establishing symbiosis between human beings and their microbiome.


PubMed | Vyas Dental College and Hospital, Care Institute of Medical science and Alfarabi Colleges
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2015

Antibacterial treatments currently used for treatment cause several side effects, and bacterial resistance to the antibiotics is also increasing. Therefore, there is need to find better alternatives. Essential oils (EOs) have been used for treatment of various ailments since ancient times and have gained popularity over the years. Safety and efficacy of EOs have been proved by several clinical trials. This review gives an overview on the EOs, their uses, and adverse effects.A literature search was performed in the PubMed for clinical trial studies and review articles on EOs published up to February 2015. The search was performed during March 2015. The following keywords were used: Lavender essential oil, cinnamon oil, clove oil, eucalyptus oil, peppermint oil, lemon EOs, and tea tree oil.Total 70 relevant articles were found in PubMed database. After screening of abstracts, 52 articles were selected to be included in the present review.On the basis of the available information, it can be concluded that EOs have the potential to be developed as preventive or therapeutic agents for various oral diseases, but further clinical trials are required to establish their safety and efficacy.


Labib L.M.,Alfarabi Colleges | Nabih S.M.,Al - Azhar University of Egypt | Baroudi K.,Alfarabi Colleges
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2016

Introduction: The effect of nanoleakage on the integrity of resin-dentin bond has been in interest for long-term adhesion. Aim: This study evaluated the nanoleakage in premolar teeth restored with low shrinkable resin composite. Materials and Methods: A total of 40 human premolars were used for nanoleakage evaluation in this study. Each group was divided into four equal groups; Group A: using silorane with its adhesive system. Group B: using silorane with G-bond. Group C: using Filtek supreme composite with G-bond. Group D: using Filtek supreme composite with AdheSE adhesive. Nanoleakage analysed using Scaning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometery (EDX). Results: The amount of silver present in hybrid layer depend on the adhesive used; this indicated different nanoleakage expressions in different adhesive systems. Filtek Z350 composite with G-bond showed clear silver uptake in both the adhesive and hybrid layer. Low shrinkable resin composite (silorane) with its adhesive system showed less silver penetration and slight silver peak on the elemental energy spectroscopy of energy dispersive X-Ray spectrometry (EDS) as compared to other samples. Conclusion: Adhesives used between different groups, influence the location and degree of nanoleakage. There is difference in nanoleakage patterns between two-step and one-step adhesives and also among the one-step adhesives themselves. © Copyright 2007-2016, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, India. All Rights Reserved.


PubMed | Al - Azhar University of Egypt and Alfarabi Colleges
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016

The effect of nanoleakage on the integrity of resin-dentin bond has been in interest for long-term adhesion.This study evaluated the nanoleakage in premolar teeth restored with low shrinkable resin composite.A total of 40 human premolars were used for nanoleakage evaluation in this study. Each group was divided into four equal groups; Group A: using silorane with its adhesive system. Group B: using silorane with G-bond. Group C: using Filtek supreme composite with G-bond. Group D: using Filtek supreme composite with AdheSE adhesive. Nanoleakage analysed using Scaning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometery (EDX).The amount of silver present in hybrid layer depend on the adhesive used; this indicated different nanoleakage expressions in different adhesive systems. Filtek Z350 composite with G-bond showed clear silver uptake in both the adhesive and hybrid layer. Low shrinkable resin composite (silorane) with its adhesive system showed less silver penetration and slight silver peak on the elemental energy spectroscopy of energy dispersive X-Ray spectrometry (EDS) as compared to other samples.Adhesives used between different groups, influence the location and degree of nanoleakage. There is difference in nanoleakage patterns between two-step and one-step adhesives and also among the one-step adhesives themselves.


PubMed | Darshan Dental College and Hospital, NTR University of Health Sciences, Care Institute of Medical science and Alfarabi Colleges
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry | Year: 2016

Dentists encounter numerous professional stressful situations, beginning from education to day-to-day practice. The resulting stress tends to have a negative impact on their personal as well as professional lives.To measure daily burnout, and to investigate the extent of expectations from dental career and the feeling of being unqualified new dental practitioner.A close-ended questionnaire, i.e., the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory, was utilized for evaluation. A total of 121 dentists with an experience ranging between 6 months and 5 years were included. The period was considered initiating from graduation to dental practicing in urban or rural areas. Ninety-seven dentists replied with filled questionnaires (80.16%). The multivariant analysis was done using SPSS 11.0 ver. (Chicago, USA).Using measures analysis, the mean scores for dentists on the basis of age and sex (Dentists are more prone for professional burnout, anxiety, and depression. The main reason for this is the nature of their practice and their personality traits, especially while pursuing dentistry as a carrier. Stress may lead to negative impact on dentists personal as well as professional lives.


Baroudi K.,Alfarabi Colleges | Rodrigues J.C.,Alfarabi Colleges
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2015

Background: Little is known about flowable composite materials. Most literature mentions conventional composite materials at large, giving minimal emphasis to flowables in particular. This paper briefly gives an in depth insight to the multiple facets of this versatile material. Aim: To exclusively review the most salient features of flowable composite materials in comparison to conventional composites and to give clinicians a detailed understanding of the advantages, drawbacks, indications and contraindications based on composition and physical/mechanical properties. Methodology: Data Sources: A thorough literature search from the year 1996 up to January 2015 was done on PubMed Central, The Cochrane Library, Science Direct, Wiley Online Library, and Google Scholar. Grey literature (pending patents, technical reports etc.) was also screened. The search terms used were “dental flowable resin composites”. Search Strategy: After omitting the duplicates/repetitions, a total of 491 full text articles were assessed. As including all articles were out of the scope of this paper. Only relevant articles that fulfilled the reviewer’s objectives {mentioning indications, contraindications, applications, assessment of physical/mechanical/biological properties (in vitro/ in vivo /ex vivo)} were considered. A total of 92 full text articles were selected. Conclusion: Flowable composites exhibit a variable composition and consequently variable mechanical/ physical properties. Clinicians must be aware of this aspect to make a proper material selection based on specific properties and indications of each material relevant to a particular clinical situation. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.

Loading Alfarabi Colleges collaborators
Loading Alfarabi Colleges collaborators