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East Missoula, MT, United States

Cole D.N.,Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute | Hall T.E.,University of Idaho
Environment and Behavior | Year: 2010

Wilderness should provide opportunities for stress reduction and restoration of mental fatigue. Visitors, surveyed as they exited wilderness trailheads, were asked for self-assessments of stress reduction and mental rejuvenation and the extent to which they experienced various restorative components of the environment-attributes deemed by attention restorative theory to be conducive to restoration. Day and overnight hikers on both very high use and moderate use trails were studied. Most respondents reported substantial stress reduction and mental rejuvenation and most experienced the environment in ways considered conducive to restoration. At the moderate to high use levels we studied, psychological restoration did not vary significantly with level of congestion, suggesting that concern about restorative experiences is not a valid rationale for limiting use on wilderness trails. Day trips reduced stress and allowed for mental rejuvenation to the same degree that overnight trips did. However, several of the restorative components of environment were experienced to a significantly greater degree as length of trip increased. © 2010 SAGE Publications. Source

Dawson C.P.,SUNY ESF | Cordell K.,Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute | Watson A.E.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Ghimire R.,University of Georgia | Green G.T.,University of Georgia
Journal of Forestry | Year: 2016

The Wilderness Manager Survey (WMS) was developed in 2014 to support interagency strategic planning for the National Wilderness Preservation System (NWPS) and asked managers about their perceived threats to the NWPS, the need for science information to support decisionmaking, the need for education and training, and the most important problems for managers in the future. The WMS was administered during Feb. 24 to May 19, 2014, to wilderness managers in the four federal agencies who manage the lands of the NWPS, and 368 wilderness managers responded. The important external and internal threats as perceived by managers for the NWPS for the next 20 years were the following: the lack of political and financial support for wilderness protection and management, invasive exotic plant or animal species, disconnected urban audiences unaware of wilderness, adjacent land management and incompatible uses, and legislation designating wilderness that included compromised natural conditions or incompatible special provisions for management. © 2016, Society of American Foresters. All rights reserved. Source

Aycrigg J.L.,University of Idaho | Tricker J.,Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute | Duarte L.,Boise State University
Journal of Forestry | Year: 2016

The US National Wilderness Preservation System (NWPS) is the world’s largest wilderness protection network, yet within the contiguous United States (CONUS) it does not encompass the diversity nor is it fully representative of ecological systems on federal lands. To potentially increase NWPS diversity and representation, we simulated adding potentially eligible lands within CONUS, in the following sequence, to assess changes in ecological systems: National Park Lands not currently designated wilderness; non-NWPS lands currently managed to not degrade wilderness character; USDA Forest Service Inventoried Roadless Areas; and Bureau of Land Management roadless lands. Inclusion of these categories would increase the NWPS area from 12.8 to 48.3% of federal lands, increase diversity by adding 46 ecological systems, and nearly triple the number of ecological systems on federal lands with > 20% representation. Our analysis identifies opportunities to increase diversity and representation of ecological systems within the NWPS. © 2016, Society of American Foresters. All rights reserved. Source

Armatas C.A.,University of Montana | Venn T.J.,University of Montana | Venn T.J.,University of The Sunshine Coast | McBride B.B.,University of Montana | And 2 more authors.
Ecology and Society | Year: 2016

The field of adaptive management has been embraced by researchers and managers in the United States as an approach to improve natural resource stewardship in the face of uncertainty and complex environmental problems. Integratingmultiple knowledge sources and feedback mechanisms is an important step in this approach. Our objective is to contribute to the limited literature that describes the benefits of better integrating indigenous knowledge (IK) with other sources of knowledge inmaking adaptive-management decisions. Specifically, we advocate the integration of traditional phenological knowledge (TPK), a subset of IK, and highlight opportunities for this knowledge to support policy and practice of adaptive management with reference to policy and practice of adapting to uncharacteristic fire regimes and climate change in the western United States. © 2016 by the author(s). Source

Monz C.A.,Utah State University | Cole D.N.,Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute | Leung Y.-F.,North Carolina State University | Marion J.L.,U.S. Geological Survey
Environmental Management | Year: 2010

Recreation ecology, the study of environmental consequences of outdoor recreation activities and their effective management, is a relatively new field of scientific study having emerged over the last 50 years. During this time, numerous studies have improved our understanding of how use-related, environmental and managerial factors affect ecological conditions and processes. Most studies have focused on vegetation and soil responses to recreation-related trampling on trails and recreation sites using indicators such as percent vegetation cover and exposed mineral soil. This applied approach has and will continue to yield important information for land managers. However, for the field to advance, more attention needs to be given to other ecosystem attributes and to the larger aspects of environmental conservation occurring at landscape scales. This article is an effort at initiating a dialog on needed advances in the field. We begin by reviewing broadly generalizable knowledge of recreation ecology, to separate what is known from research gaps. Then, based on the authors' perspective of research in the USA and North America, several research directions are suggested as essential for continued progress in this field including theoretical development, broadening scale, integration with other disciplines, and examination of synergistic effects. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

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