ALD Vacuum Technologies GmbH | Date: 2015-03-06
A hybrid crucible comprising a frame and a bottom plate. The crucible is characterized by the selection of material of these two components, which have been optimized in terms of thermal conductivity. The crucible is adapted to produce crystalline materials. Moreover, a method for producing crystalline material is disclosed.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2011.4.0-1 | Award Amount: 17.87M | Year: 2012
The ExoMet proposal revolves around innovative liquid metal engineering and the application of external physical fields, in order to significantly influence the microstructures and properties of light alloys, such as aluminium and magnesium. Three types of external fields will be explored, namely: electromagnetic, ultrasonic and intensive mechanical shearing. To meet the future EU challenges of lightweighting and pollution reduction, especially relevant in transportation, it is necessary to improve the castability of light alloys, to enhance grain and eutectic refinement in monolithic alloys, and to develop new high-strength nanocomposites using nano-reinforcers which have only recently become available. Significant mechanical property improvements are foreseen in ExoMet - including 50% increases in tensile strength and ductility, as well as creep resistance up to 300-350 degC (currently limited to about 200 degC in Al and Mg alloys). This applies to both shape castings and wrought products like extruded profiles, bar, cable, sheet and plate. Manufacturing scale-up will be tackled in ExoMet, using a variety of techniques such as low and high-pressure die casting, sand casting, investment casting, differential-presssure casting, twin-roll casting, ultrasound-assisted casting and twin-shear casting. The application of external fields to these industrial techniques is novel and would bring about major savings in energy, scrap and processing cost. Having developed the field-enabled processes and produced high-quality light alloys and nanocomposites, the next stage of ExoMet will be prototypying and the assessment of industrial applications in four selected commercial sectors: (i) automotive powertrain and chassis, (ii) aircraft and aero-engine structures, (iii) space satellite and rockets, and (iv) high-strength high-conductivity Al electrical cabling. Computer modelling, rig-testing, standardisation, life-cycle analysis and patenting will also be undertaken.
ALD Vacuum Technologies GmbH | Date: 2013-02-13
This invention relates to a method for decontaminating radioactively contaminated material, for example construction waste. The material is comminuted by means of voltage pulses and can be divided with a high degree of selectivity into non-contaminated or only weakly contaminated material and contaminated remainder. The majority therefore represents non-contaminated or only weakly contaminated waste material which can be disposed of much more easily than the contaminated remainder. Therefore, the method is particularly suitable for reducing the volume of radioactive waste material which is subject to stringent safety requirements in respect of its storage and disposal and therefore its storage and disposal incur high costs.
ALD Vacuum Technologies GmbH | Date: 2015-11-25
A method for producing metal alloys. The method allows the production of metal alloys consisting of at least two metals having a high melting point difference. Here, the higher melting metal is melted first and the lower melting metal is melted with a delay by means of heat transfer whereupon the metals mix together. This enables to obtain metal alloys with high purity and low evaporation losses, which in particular allow the use of contaminated starting components such as recycled metal.
ALD Vacuum Technologies GmbH | Date: 2014-04-29
A universal joint suspension system for a re-melting furnace is disclosed. The system is used to hold the electrode rod mounting including the consumable electrode cardanically in relation to the furnace body, thus allowing the mounting to be tipped in any direction. The fundamental concept of the system is that weighing cells are arranged in the bearings of one shaft of the universal joint bearing, the weighing cells determining the weight of the mounting and the parts suspended therein, such that the weight of the consumable electrode can be continuously derived from the determination process.
ALD Vacuum Technologies GmbH | Date: 2014-01-16
A mobile melting device for consolidating contaminated scrap and to a corresponding method. The melting device has a crucible chamber and a crucible base. The crucible is arranged on the crucible base during operation, and the crucible base and the crucible chamber together form a gas-tight furnace housing. It is thus possible to carry out the method in a vacuum or under protective gas such that even a reactive material can be consolidated. The melting device can be assembled and disassembled with little effort.
ALD Vacuum Technologies GmbH | Date: 2014-04-15
A process and apparatus for thermochemically hardening workpieces is provided incorporating the following steps, carried out in a variable sequence: one or more carburizing steps, each in a carbon-containing gas atmosphere at a pressure of less than 50 mbar, the workpieces being held at temperatures of 900 to 1050 C.; if appropriate, one or more diffusion steps, each in a gas atmosphere at a pressure of less than 100 mbar; and one or more nitriding steps, each in a nitrogen-containing discharge plasma at a pressure of less than 50 mbar, the workpieces being held at temperatures of 800 to 1050 C.
ALD Vacuum Technologies GmbH | Date: 2015-10-01
A remelting furnace is disclosed. An electrode rod drive with an electrode rod, as well as a retaining ring to retain a high-current cable, are arranged on a platform which is located on a weighing cell. Even though the position of the high-current cable changes during lowering of the electrode rod supporting a consumable electrode, the recorded weight portion of the high-current cable remains the same, which means that ultimately the change in the weight of the consumable electrode can be determined with the weighing cell.
ALD Vacuum Technologies GmbH | Date: 2014-12-16
A device and a method for treating metallic material. In particular, the invention is suitable for treating and/or producing steel and metallic alloys, in particular non-standard grade steels and alloys of particularly high quality. The invention has proved to be particularly successful in the treatment of iron-based metallic materials.
ALD Vacuum Technologies GmbH | Date: 2014-07-17
An apparatus and a method performable with the apparatus for sequential melting and refining of materials are proposed. The materials treated in the process are converted to a liquid state of matter by heat sources. The process is particularly suitable for treating metals, semimetals and ceramics, for example in order to produce alloys and/or to refine the materials. During the method, the material goes through various treatment chambers which enable treatment at different pressure levels.