Carvalho De Matos A.C.,University of Sao Paulo |
Carvalho De Matos A.C.,Jewish Albert Einstein Hospital |
Saraiva Camara N.O.,University of Sao Paulo |
Tonato E.J.,University of Sao Paulo |
And 7 more authors.
Transplantation Proceedings | Year: 2010
Introduction The objective of this study was to show the morphologic characteristics of allograft renal biopsies in renal transplant patients with stable renal function, which can potentially be early markers of allograft dysfunction, after 5 years of follow-up. Methods Forty-nine renal transplant patients with stable renal function were submitted to renal biopsies and simultaneous measurement of serum creatinine (Cr). Histology was evaluated using Banff scores, determination of interstitial fibrosis by Sirius red staining and immunohistochemical study of proximal tubule and interstitial compartment (using cytokeratin, vimentin, and myofibroblasts as markers). Biopsies were evaluated according to the presence or absence of the epitheliomesenchymal transition (EMT). The interstitial presence of myofibroblasts and tubular presence of vimentin was also analyzed simultaneously. Renal function was measured over the follow-up period to estimate the reduction of graft function. Results Median posttransplant time at enrollment was 105 days. Patients were followed for 64.3 ± 8.5 months. The mean Cr at biopsy time was 1.44 ± 0.33 mg/dL, and after the follow-up it was 1.29 ± 0.27 mg/dL. Nine patients (19%) had a reduction of their graft function. Eleven biopsies (22%) had tubulointerstitial alterations according to Banff score. Seventeen biopsies (34%) presented EMT. Fifteen biopsies (32%) had high interstitial expression of myofibroblasts and tubular vimentin. Using Cox multivariate analysis, HLA and high expression of interstitial myofibroblasts and tubular vimentin were associated with reduction of graft function, yielding a risk of 3.3 (P = .033) and 9.8 (P = .015), respectively. Conclusion Fibrogenesis mechanisms occur very early after transplantation and are risk factors for long-term renal function deterioration. © 2010 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.