Tan Z.,Alan cdiarmid Institutejilin Universitychangchun130012 Peoples Republic Of China |
Wang J.,Aircraft Design And Research Institutehafei Aviation Industry Coyouxie Street No15 |
Ma Y.,Alan cdiarmid Institutejilin Universitychangchun130012 Peoples Republic Of China |
Wang D.,Alan cdiarmid Institutejilin Universitychangchun130012 Peoples Republic Of China |
And 2 more authors.
Polymer Composites | Year: 2015
In this study, the laminates reinforced with the concentrated nitric acid or acetone treated carbon fabrics were prepared based on polyetherimide films with different thickness including 30 μm and 50 μm, respectively. 4 Harness Satin (4HS) and 5 Harness Satin (5HS) carbon fabrics were used as the reinforcements of the composite laminates. Three impact factors, including the polyetherimide film thickness, fabric treatment method and fabric type, were considered in this study. Interlaminar shear strength (ILSS) measurement shown that the thicker polyetherimide film (50 μm), 4HS carbon fabric and the nitric acid treatment of the fabric could be used to increase the ILSS value because of the improvement of the interfacial property for the laminate. The 50 μm thickness polyetherimide films used in the laminates improved the storage modulus, and decreased the glass transition temperatures (Tgs) by DMA or DSC. It was because that the better interfacial property and the stronger mobility of the polymer chain under the greater residual internal stress in the laminate was obtained with the increase of the polyetherimide film thickness. The nitric acid treatment of the fabric increased the Tgs measured by DMA and DSC, and decreased the Tan delta peak values of the laminates because of the stronger interfacial adhesion between the fiber and the resin and the decreased mobility of the polymer chain. In addition, the effects of above three impact factors on the ILSS, storage modulus, loss modulus, Tan delta and the Tg of the laminate were discussed in detail by ILSS, DMA and DSC measurement, respectively. © 2015 Society of Plastics Engineers.