East Jerusalem, Palestine
East Jerusalem, Palestine

Al-Quds University is a Palestinian university with campuses in Jerusalem, Abu Dis, and al-Bireh. It was founded in 1984 , but its official constitution was written in 1993 when Mohammed Nusseibeh, its first Chancellor and Chancellor of the College of Science and Technology, announced its formation. Wikipedia.


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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO.2012-1.3 | Award Amount: 4.48M | Year: 2013

The main aim of the Project is to contribute to the quality of the Euro-Mediterranean research area, with a particular focus on the bi-regional Euro-Mediterranean S&T cooperation, research & innovation, policy dialogue and cooperation monitoring. The proposal aims at tackling the key issues and policy objectives outlined in the Work Programme by creating a dialogue and coordination platform of governmental institutions, research organizations, associations and NGOs helping integrate society in the institutional dialogue. To this end, the Project foresees a comprehensive analysis of selected societal challenges and will address capacity building to increase research capacity, shared knowledge and cooperation. It will also support synergies and networking to strengthen joint activities and EU- MS-MPCs cooperation in EU programmes, as well as a monitoring of regional RTD cooperation and policies. In particular, the proposal is structured to address three societal challenges: energy, high quality affordable food, scarcity of resources. These challenges have been selected on the basis of the result of the long-standing and ongoing EU-MPCs policy dialogue and represent the most significant areas of common interest in current Euro-Mediterranean cooperation. The specific objectives of the Project are thus: enhancing EU-MPCs co-ownership in research cooperation; creating synergies in order to reduce fragmentation of research actions; involving the civil society in the institutional dialogue on research and innovation; developing cooperation instruments to tackle societal challenges with a view to sustainability; supporting research and innovation capacity building through comprehensive training and contributing build an Euro-Mediterranean shared knowledge space in order to develop common EU-MPCs planning capacity and a sustainable regional RDT policy and cooperation.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: INCO.2011-6.2 | Award Amount: 558.92K | Year: 2012

The objective of DEBPAL is to reinforce the cooperation capacities of Al-Quds University, to improve its researches activities in defence and recovery of Biodiversity (including Agro-Biodiversity), in the interlinked fields of conservation and restoration as requested by the international Convention on Biological Diversity, a major commitment in the European Union main politics. The Palestinian Territories are an emblematic case of massive Biodiversity loss, determining a series of severe consequences on the natures state and on human life and economy. From this point of view it is important to remember that the Convention on Biological Diversity considerate the Agro-Biodiversity an essential part of the Biodiversity inextricable whole, to protected by the States Parties. Therefore, the competences, techniques and technologies that will be developed in AQU are focused at integrating Biodiversity, cultural and social perspectives into a coherent sustainable landscape management. This approach is strategic for the Palestinian Territories but also, in a larger dimension, for the whole of the Mediterranean Region, where the erosion of Biodiversity is a worsening and expanding problem due to the human impact on the environment and the absence of consistent global politics to combat and control it. The Capacity building of AL-Quds University in this strategic field will be increased by : Networking and joint research activities in Biodiversity conservation and restoration and related socio-economic aspects, with a well experienced Italian University. Training in nursery activities with a Italian SME already involved in several EU research project in this field. Training in EU projects approach, selection, preparation and submission, with a Belgian not for profit research association. Development of an Al Quds Universitys research/policy strategy, able to support the Government in its related planning activities, according to the EU Policy and objectives.


Patent
Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Al-Quds University | Date: 2014-06-25

Provided are new fatty acid derivatives, methods for their preparation, pharmaceutical compositions including such compounds, and methods of using these compounds and compositions, e.g., as agents for the treatment of obesity and related disorders, and for improving cognition.


Karaman R.,Al-Quds University
Tetrahedron Letters | Year: 2010

Using density functional theory (DFT) at the B3LYP level with the 6-31G(d,p) basis set, a general equation is derived relating activation energy with the distance between the two reactive centers (rGM), and the hydrogen-bonding angle (αGM) in an intramolecular proton transfer process. The strong correlation between the values of rGM and αGM with the activation energy, ΔG‡, which reflects the experimental reaction rate, provides an excellent tool to predict reaction rate based on calculated geometrical parameters for a certain system (ΔH‡, ΔG‡ vs rGM and αGM). The slope of the equation can be used as an indicator of the mode by which the two reacting centers orchestrate in an intramolecular process. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Karaman R.,Al-Quds University
Tetrahedron Letters | Year: 2010

DFT and ab initio calculation results for proton transfer reactions in Kirby's acetals reveal that the mechanism proceeds via efficient intramolecular general acid catalysis (IGAC) and not through a 'classical' general acid catalysis mechanism (GAC). Further, they show that the driving force for the proton transfer efficiency is the proximity of the two reactive centers (r) and the attack angle (α), and the rate of the reaction is linearly correlated with r 2 and sin (180° - α). Acetals with short r values and with α values close to 180° (forming a linear H-bond) are more reactive due to the development of strong hydrogen bonds in their global minimum, transition state, and product structures. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Fanun M.,Al-Quds University
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science | Year: 2010

Water/sucrose laurate/ethoxylated mono-di-glyceride/ethanol/peppermint oil microemulsion systems were formulated and characterized using electrical conductivity, dynamic viscosity, nuclear magnetic resonance, dynamic light scattering, small angle X-ray scattering and cryogenic transmission electron microscopy. The solubilization capacity of water in the oil is dependent on the surfactants and ethanol/oil mixing ratios (w/w). Static percolation phenomena were observed in these systems, and the water volume fraction percolation threshold was determined. A progressive transformation of the water-in-oil to bicontinuous and inversion to oil-in-water microemulsions occurs upon dilution with water, which was revealed by the determination of the diffusion coefficients of both oil and water inside the microemulsions. The diffusion coefficients of the surfactants at the interface of the microemulsions increase with increasing water volume fraction. The periodicity of the microemulsions increases linearly with increasing water volume fraction. In addition, the correlation length increases with water volume fraction to a certain value then decreases. Cryo-TEM images of the oil-in-water microemulsions revealed the presence of spheroidal droplets of up to 12 nm diameter. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Fanun M.,Al-Quds University
Current Opinion in Colloid and Interface Science | Year: 2012

Solubilization capacity, dissolution efficiency, rate and extent of solute delivery are dependent on the microemulsion microstructure. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.


A mechanistic study using ab initio and DFT calculation methods on the intramolecular ring-closing of enol ethers 1Z, 1E, and 2 (Kirby's enzyme models for aldolase and isomerase) has revealed that proton transfer is the rate determining step and involves two stages: re-organization of the global minimum structure (having the lowest enthalpic energy and a relatively long distance between the two reactive centers, r) to a more organized ground state conformation (having the smallest r distance among all the conformations), and a second stage by which the proton is transferred from the organized state to the corresponding transition state. The energy needed for the first stage to occur is dependent on the rotation barrier for the proton to be in proximity to the CC double bond carbon (proximity effects), whereas, that needed for the second step is largely affected by the strain energies of the reactant and the corresponding product. In addition, it was found that the oxocarbocation intermediate involved in the proton transfer is unstable and undergoes ring-closing to the corresponding product with zero activation energy. Further, the calculated DFT effective molarities (EM) for 1Z, 1E, and 2 were found to correlate strongly with experimental EM values. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) (Diptera: Psychodidae) is the main vector of Leishmania major Yakimoff & Schokhor (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae), the causative agent of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Old World. Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) was extensively used to type different L. major stocks allover the world. Multilocus microsatellite typing (MLMT) has been recently used to investigate P. papatasi sand flies at population and subpopulation levels. In this article, the association between geographical distribution of L. major zymodemes and the distribution of populations and subpopulations of L. major vector; P. papatasi are discussed. © 2011 Hamarsheh; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Bloch M.H.,Yale University | Qawasmi A.,Al-Quds University
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry | Year: 2011

Objective: Several studies have demonstrated differences in omega-3 fatty acid composition in plasma and in erythrocyte membranes in patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared with unaffected controls. Omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties and can alter central nervous system cell membrane fluidity and phospholipid composition. Cell membrane fluidity can alter serotonin and dopamine neurotransmission. The goal of this meta-analysis was to examine the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in children with ADHD. Method: PubMed was searched for randomized placebo-controlled trials examining omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in children with ADHD symptomatology. The primary outcome measurement was standardized mean difference in rating scales of ADHD severity. Secondary analyses were conducted to determine the effects of dosing of different omega-3 fatty acids in supplements. Results: Ten trials involving 699 children were included in this meta-analysis. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation demonstrated a small but significant effect in improving ADHD symptoms. Eicosapentaenoic acid dose within supplements was significantly correlated with supplement efficacy. No evidence of publication bias or heterogeneity between trials was found. Conclusion: Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation, particularly with higher doses of eicosapentaenoic acid, was modestly effective in the treatment of ADHD. The relative efficacy of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation was modest compared with currently available pharmacotherapies for ADHD such as psychostimulants, atomoxetine, or α 2 agonists. However, given its relatively benign side-effect profile and evidence of modest efficacy, it may be reasonable to use omega-3 fatty supplementation to augment traditional pharmacologic interventions or for families who decline other psychopharmacologic options. © 2011 American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

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