The Alexandru Ioan Cuza University is a public university located in Iași, Romania. The University of Iași, as it was named at first, is the oldest higher education institution in Romania, founded one year after the establishment of the Romanian state, by an 1860 decree of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza, under whom the former Academia Mihăileană was converted to a university.Its coat of arms with the Y shaped heraldic pall simbolizes the three initiatives which led to the foundation of the University: the Trei Ierarhi Collegium, the Academia Mihăileană, the University of Iași. The central element is the Bible, the classic emblem of higher education. The three shiny stars stand for the three faculties of the University at its foundation moment, Philosophy, Law and Theology, on blue and argent background, the same colors used on the Cuza family shield.In 2008, for the third year in a row, the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University was placed first in the national research ranking compiled on the basis of Shanghai criteria. The University is a member of some of the most important university networks and associations: the Coimbra Group , Utrecht Network, European University Association , International Association of Universities , University Agency of Francophony , the Network of Francophone Universities and also of the Universitaria Consortium .In the 2012 QS World University Rankings, it was included in Top 700 universities of the world. Another three Romanian universities have entered the prestigious top. Wikipedia.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ISIB-01-2014 | Award Amount: 2.99M | Year: 2015
The objective of the project is to provide a conceptual basis, evidence, tools and improved incentive and policy options to support the smart provision of public goods by the EU agriculture and forestry ecosystems, in the light of trade-offs and conflicts brought about by prospective intensification scenarios, using a transdisciplinary approach. PROVIDE will consider a wide range of public goods, including the scope for intensification to produce negative externalities, in relation with a wide set of legislations. It will address the issue in a multi-scale framework working both at the EU level and at case study level in thirteen Countries of the EU. The practical results of the project will be: a renewed (un-packed) conceptualization of the notion of public goods; an operational framework to support the smart provision of public goods; a toolbox putting together an inventory/mapping of options, operational means for valuation and evaluation, and a selection of evaluated policy/sector mechanisms; a consolidated and long-lasting community of knowledge and practice. The project will achieve the above results through a mapping and inventory of public goods and the mechanisms producing such goods, allowing to identify hotspots for mechanisms and policy development. Around these hotspots, the project will then value different public goods and explore value transferability across several regions and ecosystems. Next, to meet a smart production of public goods, consistent with the current needs of productivity, bioeconomy strategy and rural development, innovative policy tools and mechanisms will be comparatively assessed and evaluated. The outcomes of these activities will feed information into the framework and toolbox. All these processes will be co-developed with stakeholders, so that the framework and toolbox will be a co-constructed product allowing incremental development also beyond the lifetime of the project, maximizing PROVIDEs impact.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRAIA-01-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 9.29M | Year: 2016
Atmospheric simulation chambers are the most advanced tools for elucidating processes that occur in the atmosphere. They lay the foundations for air quality and climate models and also aid interpretation of field measurements. EUROCHAMP-2020 will further integrate the most advanced European atmospheric simulation chambers into a world-class infrastructure for research and innovation. A co-ordinated set of networking activities will deliver improved chamber operability across the infrastructure, as well as standard protocols for data generation and analysis. Outreach and training activities will foster a strong culture of cooperation with all stakeholders and users. Collaborative links will be established with other environmental research infrastructures to promote integration and sustainability within the European Research Area. Cooperation with private sector companies will be actively promoted to exploit the innovation potential of the infrastructure by supporting development of scientific instruments, sensor technologies and de-polluting materials. Trans-national access will be extended to sixteen different chambers and four calibration centres. A new, upgraded data centre will provide virtual access to a huge database of experimental chamber data and advanced analytical resources. Joint research activities will enhance the capability of the infrastructure to provide improved services for users. Measurement techniques and experimental protocols will be further developed to facilitate new investigations on climate change drivers, impacts of air quality on health and cultural heritage, while also stimulating trans-disciplinary research. Advanced process models will be developed for interpretation of chamber experiments and wider use in atmospheric modelling. Overall, EUROCHAMP-2020 will significantly enhance the capacity for exploring atmospheric processes and ensure that Europe retains its place as the world-leader in atmospheric simulation chamber research.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SiS.2011.2.1.1-1 | Award Amount: 4.65M | Year: 2012
STAGES has the general aim of making the most of the unprecedented opportunity, provided for by the EC, to leave the logic of pilot projects behind and launch structural change strategies addressing the many and interconnected layers of the problem of gender inequality in science from an integrated perspective, deeply involving human resources management in research institutions, modifying and gendering its basic tenets. Under the coordination of a national Government, and assisted by a research centre specialised in gender and science, 5 research institutes/universities from Italy, Germany, Denmark, Romania and the Netherlands will each implement a self tailored action plan including activities such as, among others: awareness-raising initiatives in high level institutional bodies; training modules on gender equality for internal decision makers; mentoring programmes for young women scientists; actions to enhance the visibility of women scientists; updated management and research assessment standards; course content development; leadership development; work-life balance measures; gender quotas in committees; promotion and retention policies. Negotiation with all relevant actors will play a key role in order to assure the effectiveness of the action plans and the future sustainability of the actions after the project lifespan. Sharing know how and experience will enhance the planned activities in a real time basis, giving the implementation a more participative and flexible approach. A set of central activities, including technical assistance, evaluation, accompanying research and drafting guidelines has been devised to facilitate the implementation of the action plans. International meetings on Gender and Science will be held and a special attention will be paid to dissemination activities, both at national and European level, also through the creation of national committees in the countries of each consortium member.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IRSES | Award Amount: 214.70K | Year: 2013
The project is focused on the ecological and morphological characteristics of river channels and related processes of erosion, sediment transport and deposition under changing boundary conditions described by socio economic and climate change scenarios. We will study effects of these changes on river systems at different spatial and temporal scales. The specific focus of the project is addressing the interface between the river channel and related slope systems. We will study historic evolution of river systems and will simulate future developments using scenarios. The main projects scopes are: 1) Exchange of experience, methods and knowledge in fluvio-morphologic processes research. 2) Developing and harmonization of tools and models for monitoring and management of hillslope-river channel-systems. 3) Assessment of hydromorphological processes, and pressures across multiple temporal and spatial scales in different European river systems; We will examine the links between erosive processes and hydromorphology in the context of integrated river basin management, considering the interactions with other elements of the whole system such as anthropogenic pressures and environmental changes. The new tools will help to assess the processes dynamics at the interface between hydrogeomorphological river processes and slope systems in a qualitative way. Moreover, new innovative techniques will be developed and applied that allow a quantification of the processes. The special focus is on remote sensing, aerial photography, field measurements with total stations, GPS, statistical analysis, all integrated in a GIS. We will reach these targets as a multidisciplinary team across Europe, sharing knowledge, developing new approaches and applying them in different environments. We will explicitly aim to identify and integrate the different and overlapping conceptual understandings of scientists from the different disciplines carrying out joined research in this project.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: MSCA-NIGHT-2014 | Award Amount: 118.32K | Year: 2014
The general objective of the project is to promote scientific research in Romania and to share to general public the enthusiasm of professionals working in this field. Our approach for this national coverage event is to present science and scientists in a non conventional way, employing edutainment methods. The easiest way for the public to learn about science and research is to experience things and to remember amusing scientific experiments or demonstrations. Similar activities, conducted in a regular manner should be a trigger for the pupils and students to consider a career in research following graduation. Our event will take place in 6 cities: Bucharest, Craiova, Cluj-Napoca, Iasi, Sibiu and Timisoara, and are organized by enthusiastic teams from Universities and research Institutes. The gravity point of all proposed activities is represented by various open air activities, organized in an amusing manner by real scientists and students. Furthermore we would like to stress the importance of scientific research for a modern society and to share information on major research infrastructures in Romania (e.g ELI project). European Research Area and the program Horizon2020 will be presented interactively at EU corners. The target audience for all locations include pupils, students, teachers, parents and grand parents, with special attention devoted to gender equality. We will attract pupils and parents from rural regions, kids with special educational needs, kids from the gifted education programme and theirs trainers. Special tours will be organized for policy makers in educational area, science teachers and science journalists. By means of a well developed media plan, including social media tools, during the awareness campaign we expect that more that 700000 people will know precise data about our project: locations, hours, proposed activities. In all proposed locations we expect a total number of participants higher than 20000 people.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: H2020-TWINN-2015 | Award Amount: 867.21K | Year: 2016
The main objective of EBSIS is to strengthen the research output at the Faculty of Computer Science at Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi (UAIC), Romania. EBSIS will initiate strong and close research ties with the Institute of Informatics, University of Neuchatel (UNINE), Switzerland and with the Faculty of Informatics, Technical University of Dresden (TUD), Germany. The targeted field of research is event-based systems, an important and timely topic under the Big Data umbrella. The collaboration will stimulate the scientific activity of the partners and increase the research profile of the initiating institution through the integration of the supported activities. The two internationally-leading research partners can provide a high level of expertise in event-based systems, which is currently lacking at the initiating institution. The excellent background of the internationally-leading research institutions in that field, which is clearly demonstrated by the numerous publications, participation in other European projects, and organization of various manifestations (conferences, workshops) on event-based systems, makes them perfect project partners. The initiating institution can provide its expertise in information security, a research area connected to the target field of event-based systems. Short-term staff exchanges, summer schools organization, scientific seminars, and other activities detailed in the project proposal will facilitate the research exchange between partners. Besides increasing the research awareness of the initiating institution, the Twinning activities will also strengthen the inter-academic relations between the partners, and will help the initiating institution to get involved in future research projects.
Mangalagiu I.I.,Al. I. Cuza University
Current Organic Chemistry | Year: 2011
Recent studies have centred on 1,2-diazines derivatives, which proved to be invaluable materials in the fields of medicine, opto-electronics and agriculture. 1,2-diazines were found to have pharmaceutical applications including a wide range of biological activities, such as antiviral and anticancer, antituberculosis, antimicrobials, antifungus, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, diuretics, antithrombics, anticoagulants, antidepressant, anxiolytics, anticonvulsant, analgesic, and anti-multiple sclerosis. Their applications in the field of electronics are mainly focused on highly fluorescent derivatives (with potential as sensors and biosensors, electroluminescent materials, lasers, and other semiconductor devices) and compounds with liquid crystal properties. Herbicidal activity and the grow up factor for plants are also reviewed. Microwave assisted organic synthesis (MAOS) has during the last years become an invaluable tool within chemistry research, which has shown to be a very efficient way towards the synthesis of many compounds. In this review, microwave assisted reactions of 1,2-diazine derivatives have been discussed, outlining an introduction to MW chemistry, N-alkylations, dipolar cycloadditions, cyclocondensations, transition-metal catalysed reactions, and nucleophilic substitution of 1,2- diazines. © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
Vacaru S.I.,Al. I. Cuza University
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2010
I do not agree with the authors of papers arXiv:0806.2184 and arXiv:0901.1023v1 (published in [Zhe Chang, Xin Li, Phys. Lett. B 668 (2008) 453] and [Zhe Chang, Xin Li, Phys. Lett. B 676 (2009) 173], respectively). They consider that "In Finsler manifold, there exists a unique linear connection - the Chern connection ... It is torsion freeness and metric compatibility ...". There are well-known results (for example, presented in monographs by H. Rund and R. Miron and M. Anastasiei) that in Finsler geometry there exist an infinite number of linear connections defined by the same metric structure and that the Chern and Berwald connections are not metric compatible. For instance, the Chern's one (being with zero torsion and "weak" compatibility on the base manifold of tangent bundle) is not generally compatible with the metric structure on total space. This results in a number of additional difficulties and sophistication in definition of Finsler spinors and Dirac operators and in additional problems with further generalizations for quantum gravity and noncommutative/string/brane/gauge theories. I conclude that standard physics theories can be generalized naturally by gravitational and matter field equations for the Cartan and/or any other Finsler metric compatible connections. This allows us to construct more realistic models of Finsler spacetimes, anisotropic field interactions and cosmology. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Sirghi L.,Al. I. Cuza University
Langmuir | Year: 2012
Transport mechanisms involved in capillary condensation of water menisci in nanoscopic gaps between hydrophilic surfaces are investigated theoretically and experimentally by atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements of capillary force. The measurements showed an instantaneous formation of a water meniscus by coalescence of the water layers adsorbed on the AFM tip and sample surfaces, followed by a time evolution of meniscus toward a stationary state corresponding to thermodynamic equilibrium. This dynamics of the water meniscus is indicated by time evolution of the meniscus force, which increases with the contact time toward its equilibrium value. Two water transport mechanisms competing in this meniscus dynamics are considered: (1) Knudsen diffusion and condensation of water molecules in the nanoscopic gap and (2) adsorption of water molecules on the surface region around the contact and flow of the surface water toward the meniscus. For the case of very hydrophilic surfaces, the dominant role of surface water transportation on the meniscus dynamics is supported by the results of the AFM measurements of capillary force of water menisci formed at sliding tip-sample contacts. These measurements revealed that fast movement of the contact impedes on the formation of menisci at thermodynamic equilibrium because the flow of the surface water is too slow to reach the moving meniscus. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Vacaru S.I.,Al. I. Cuza University
General Relativity and Gravitation | Year: 2012
We study possible links between quantum gravity phenomenology encoding Lorentz violations as nonlinear dispersions, the Einstein-Finsler gravity models, EFG, and nonholonomic (non-integrable) deformations to Hořava-Lifshitz, HL, and/or Einstein's general relativity, GR, theories. EFG and its scaling anisotropic versions formulated as Hořava-Finsler models, HF, are constructed as covariant metric compatible theories on (co) tangent bundle to Lorentz manifolds and respective anisotropic deformations. Such theories are integrable in general form and can be quantized following standard methods of deformation quantization, A-brane formalism and/or (perturbatively) as a nonholonomic gauge like model with bi-connection structure. There are natural warping/trapping mechanisms, defined by the maximal velocity of light and locally anisotropic gravitational interactions in a (pseudo) Finsler bulk spacetime, to four dimensional (pseudo) Riemannian spacetimes. In this approach, the HL theory and scenarios of recovering GR at large distances are generated by imposing nonholonomic constraints on the dynamics of HF, or EFG, fields. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.