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Alshehri M.,King Khalid University | Altalhi A.,King Khalid University | Alqahtani H.J.,Ministry of Interior | Almoither M.A.,Prince Sultan Military Medical City | And 3 more authors.
Interventional Medicine and Applied Science

Objective: The aim was to assess the effect of scaling and root planing (SRP) with and without adjunct use of an essential-oil-based-mouthwash (EOBM) on whole salivary immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels in patients with periodontal inflammation. Methods: Fifty patients with periodontal inflammation were included. Treatment wise, these patients were randomly divided into two groups. In group 1, patients underwent SRP and were instructed to rinse with 10 mL of an EOBM twice daily for 30 days, whereas those in group 2 underwent SRP and were instructed to rinse with 10 mL of water twice daily for 30 days. Whole saliva samples were collected at baseline and after 40 days of treatment. P-values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: At baseline, whole salivary IgG levels were comparable among patients in groups 1 (60.5 ± 5.5 mg/dL) and 2 (57.3 ± 2.4 mg/dL). After 40 days of follow-up, there is a significant decrease in whole salivary IgG levels among patients in group 1 (7.2 ± 2.4 mg/dL) as compared to those in group 2 (26.6 ± 4.6 mg/dL) (P < 0.001). Conclusions: SRP, when performed with adjunct use of an EOBM, is more effective in reducing whole salivary IgG levels as compared to when SRP is performed without adjunct use of an EOBM. © 2015 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest. Source

Wassef E.A.,National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries of Egypt | Wahbi O.M.,Fish Reproduction Laboratory | Saqr E.M.,National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries of Egypt | Saqr E.M.,Al Farabi College for Dentistry and Nursing | Saleh N.E.,National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries of Egypt
Aquaculture International

This study was undertaken to assess the effects of feeding European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) canola oil-added diets on growth, health status and liver and intestine histomorphology. Seabass (56.18 ± 0.16 g initial body weight) were fed one of three fish meal-based diets with ~48 % crude protein and ~16.0 % lipid, combining fish oil (FO) and canola oil (CO) for 12 weeks. The diets contained: zero (control, CTRL), 45 (CO50) or 63 (CO70) g CO kg−1 assigned in triplicates to three dietary groups. The results indicated that neither dietary oil type (FO or CO) nor CO level adversely affected (P > 0.05) the growth, feed utilization or major blood constituents’ composition as an indicator of the overall health status of fish. Despite the CO diets influence on head kidney macrophage activity being unappreciable (P > 0.05), there was a reducing trend with an increase in CO level incorporation. The CO70 diet induced a minor fat infiltration in hepatocytes and leucocytes infiltration, hyperplasia of the basal nuclei and supranuclear vacuolization of the enterocytes of the distal intestine. The present observations suggest that it is possible to incorporate up to 63 g CO Kg−1 in the feed for European seabass juveniles without major negative effects on growth, health status or liver and intestinal histomorphology. © 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland Source

Napenas J.J.,University of Western Ontario | Napenas J.J.,Carolinas Medical Center | Kujan O.,Al Farabi College for Dentistry and Nursing | Kujan O.,Hama University | And 8 more authors.
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology

Objectives Current recommendations for safe and effective dental management are less than optimal for some medical conditions because of limited evidence, conflicting conclusions, or both. This review (1) compiled and evaluated dental management recommendations for select medical conditions; (2) summarized recommendations and their assigned levels of evidence; (3) identified areas of conflict, ambiguity, or both; and (4) identified issues that warrant future research, enhanced consensus statements, or both. Study Design Systematic literature searches were performed for guideline publications, systematic and narrative reviews, and opinion documents containing recommendations for (1) medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ); (2) cardiovascular diseases (CVDs); (3) prosthetic joints (PJs); and (4) systemic steroid therapy (SST). Results The search yielded the following numbers of publications that met the inclusion criteria: MRONJ - 116; CVDs - 54; prosthetic joints - 39; and systemic steroids - 12. Conclusions Very few of the compiled recommendations were assigned or linked to levels of evidence by their authors. Key conclusions include the following: MRONJ-expert recommendations trend toward proceeding with dental treatment with little to no modification in osteoporotic patients on bisphosphonates; CVDs-current recommendations are primarily directed to general surgery and applied to dentistry; PJs-routine antibiotic prophylaxis is not indicated for dental treatment; and SST-steroid supplementation is not indicated for most patients undergoing dental procedures under local anesthesia. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

Saleh N.E.,National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries of Egypt | Shalaby S.M.,Suez Canal University | Sakr E.M.,National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries of Egypt | Sakr E.M.,Al Farabi College for Dentistry and Nursing | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Applied Aquaculture

Five different levels (0, 25, 50, 75, and 100 g kg-1) of algal (Ulva fasciata) meal were added to red tilapia feeds to examine its effect on growth and carcass biochemical content. Addition of ulva meal significantly improved growth performance, feed utilization, total crude protein content, and percentage of highly unsaturated fatty acids. Fish fed 75 g kg-1 or 100 g kg-1 of U. fasciata performed better than others. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

El-Dakar A.Y.,Suez Canal University | Shalaby S.M.,Suez Canal University | Nemetallah B.R.,Alexandria University | Saleh N.E.,National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries of Egypt | And 3 more authors.
Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research

This study was carried out on sea bream (. Sparus aurata) with initial fish weight of 1.9. ±. 0.1. g to evaluate the effect of addition of basil (. Ocimum basilicum), in different forms on; growth performance, feed utilization, body composition, biometric indices and some serum constituents. Four experimental diets were formulated; Diet 1: control diet (without basil, CTR); Diet 2: 2% dried basil leaves, (BL), Diet 3: 2% dried basil seeds, (BS) and Diet 4: 2% soaked and dried basil seeds, (BSS). Fish were fed experimental diets twice a day until visual apparent satiation, 7. days a week for 84. days. The results showed an improvement in fish growth and feed utilization indices when fed diets were supplemented either with BS or BSS respectively. Feeding of either BL or BS resulted in an enhancement in protein retention coinciding with depression in lipid content. Digestive enzyme (amylase and lipase) activities and serum total protein were elevated by the administration of basil in all forms to sea bream diet as compared to the control. © 2015 National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries. Source

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