Homs, Syria
Homs, Syria

Al-Baath University , founded in 1979, is a public university located in the city of Homs, Syria, 180 km north of Damascus. It is Syria's fourth largest university.The university was established in 1979; it was established by Presidential Decree No. 44 issued by Hafez al-Assad.Al-Baath University has 22 faculties, 5 intermediate institutes, 40,000 regular students, 20,000 students in open learning, 1310 high studies students and 622 faculty members. The library contains some 63,000 volumes .See also: Faculty of Medicine of Al-Baath University Wikipedia.

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Hamowieh A.R.,Al-Baath University
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2010

The acute toxicity of methanolic and watery extracts of Zingiber officinale (ZO) roots in mice and their effects on fertility of male diabetic rats were carried out. The fertility experiment was done on six groups of male rats one of them was kept as normal control, while the others were rendered diabetic by subcutaneous injection of alloxan (120mgkg -1). One group was left as diabetic control, while the others were given orally either methanolic (100 and 200mgkg -1) or watery extract (150 and 300mgkg -1) for 65 consecutive days. The results showed that no mortalities occur when both extracts were given orally to mice in doses up to 5gkg -1 b.wt. Both extracts increased fertility index, sexual organs weight, serum testosterone level and sperm motility and count. Histopathological examination of the testes of diabetic rats showed mild to moderate degenerative changes of spermatogenic cells, diffuse edema and incomplete arrest of spermatogenesis. Treatment with ZO extracts caused alleviation of the testicular lesions that appeared in non-treated diabetic rats. Conclusively, extracts of ZO have high safety in mice and intake of ZO roots as a drink may be useful for diabetic patients who suffer from sexual impotency. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2009-2.6-1 | Award Amount: 4.39M | Year: 2010

Membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology is regarded as key element of advanced wastewater reclamation and reuse schemes and can considerably contribute to sustainable water management. MBR technology is used for wastewater treatment and reuse in municipal, agricultural and a variety of industrial sectors in Europe and MENA. The market pull, in the context of this NMP call, is the increasing demand for clean water complying with the strict European and MENA regulations. The European growing MBR market is dominated by two suppliers from Canada and Japan. Although, the European scientific community is strong in R&D, its expertise remains fragmented and lacks organization and communication within Europe. Despite the fact that the technical feasibility of this technology has been demonstrated through a large number of small and large scale applications, membrane fouling is regarded as an important bottleneck for further development. It is the main limitation to faster development of this process, particularly when it leads to flux losses that cleaning cannot restore. The objective of the BioNexGen project is therefore to develop a new class of functional low fouling membranes for membrane bioreactor technology with high and constant water flux (25 l/m2/h) and high rejection of organic pollutants with low molecular weight (down to 300 Da). The consortium consisting of European and MENA partners will develop a novel single step NF MBR operated with low energy consumption due to less aeration needed (0.2 Nm3/m2/h). Small footprint, flexible design, and automated operation make it ideal for localized, decentralized wastewater treatment and recycling in the European and MENA countries. Successful delivery will have a major impact on the competitiveness of the SME partners in the project and the European and MENA MBR market. Furthermore it will significantly contribute to scientific and technological cooperation between European and MENA countries in the provision of safe water.

This paper presents the first record of cunaxid predatory mites from Syria. Two species were collected on Malva sylvestris L. growing within citrus orchards: Cunaxa capreolus Berlese and a new species named Cunaxa celineae n. sp., herein described. © Barbar Z. Acarologia is under free license.

Aim: (1) to evaluate the applicability of using 3D digital models in the assessment of Class II Division 1 (Cl II-1) and Class II Division 2 (Cl II-2) malocclusion in a Syrian sample, (2) to detect any significant differences between the two groups in tooth and arch widths, anterior (ABR) and overall Bolton ratios, PAR Index, and (3) to detect any gender differences in these variables. Materials and Methods: Design and setting: observational, cross-sectional study for descriptive and analytical purposes at the Orthodontic Dept., University of Al-Baath Hamah Dental School, Hamah , Syria. Participants: A disproportionate multi-stratified random sampling was employed to select 36 Cl II-1 and 36 Cl II-2 patients (female-to-male ratio was 1:1 in each group). 3D digital models (O3DM®) with a dedicated programme were used to measure dental arch variables. Results: Significant differences were observed between the two groups in the mesiodistal widths of some teeth but not in the dental arch widths. The prevalence of 'discrepancy cases' in Anterior Bolton Ratios (ABRs) was 33.33% and 41.67% in Cl II1 and Cl II2 groups, respectively. The mean PAR Index score was 25.36 and 20.82 for Cl II1 and Cl II2 groups, respectively (p=0.009). Conclusions: (1) 3D digital models enabled fast, accurate and reliable measurements of dental arch characteristics in patients with Class II malocclusion. (2) Insignificant differences between Cl II1 and Cl II2 patients were observed regarding Bolton's ratios and transverse arch measurements. (3) Sexual dimorphism was observed in mesiodistal tooth widths and in dental arch widths, but not in Bolton's ratios and PAR Index scores.

The present study aimed to identify predatory mite species of the family Phytoseiidae on citrus trees and common wild plants species within or around citrus orchards. Surveys were carried out in fifty orchards in seven different sites in Lattakia governorate (the main citrus growing region of Syria). Fifteen phytoseiid species belonging to ten genera were found, among which fourteen are recorded for the first time from Syria. Euseius stipulatus was the most abundant on citrus trees, followed by Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) athiasae and Amblyseius andersoni. In this study, one female of the species Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) thesbites is rediscovered and illustrated. Information concerning locations, host plants, number of specimens, and measurements of morphological characteristics of each species collected are provided. © Barbar Z.

Saleh M.,Private Practice | Hajeer M.Y.,Al-Baath University | Al-Jundi A.,Al-Baath University
Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research | Year: 2013

Objective: To evaluate the effects of a Class III functional appliance [the removable mandibular retractor (RMR)] in the early treatment of skeletal Class III deformities. Set-up: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Orthodontic Department, University of Al-Baath Dental School, Hamah, Syria. Material and Methods: Sixty-seven skeletal Class III patients were recruited, distributed randomly into two groups: 1) treatment group (T) with the RMR: 33 patients (17 males and 16 females) with a mean age of 7.5 ± 1.33 years, 2) control group (C): 34 patients (15 males and 19 females) with a mean age of 7.3 ± 1.58 years. Lateral cephalograms were taken at the start of treatment (T1-T) or at the start of the observation period (T1-C) and after 14.5 ± 0.1 months (both groups). Soft- and hard-tissue changes in both groups were evaluated. Results: The main significant findings in the treatment group were 1) anterior morphogenetic rotation of the mandible as a result of upward and forward condylar growth; 2) significant increase in maxillary length; 3) significant increase in maxillary dentoalveolar protrusion; 4) significant decrease in mandibular dentoalveolar protrusion; 5) significant protrusion of the upper lip; 6) significant retrusion of the lower lip; and 7) significant reduction in nasolabial angle. Conclusion: The RMR is an effective appliance in the treatment of skeletal Class III patients in the early mixed dentition in the short term. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Uncontrolled urban growth in South Mediterranean and the Middle East regions involves city dwellers and stray animals (mainly dogs and cats) creating a dense and downgraded environment, in which irregular street garbage collection disposes sufficient food for survival and proliferation of stray animals. Under such conditions serious public health hazards are expected due to the increase of animal bites, the multiplication of insects and rodents vectors of different viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic agents to which humans are exposed. Traditional national stray animal eradication programs and occasional small animals' humane elimination campaigns are insufficient to avert human and veterinary health risks when not coupled with modern technologies. In such environments, multiple foci of emerging and re-emerging zoonoses easily spread, i.e. rabies, hydatidosis, leishmaniasis and toxoplasmosis. Upgrading urban and peri-urban situations requires integrated/coordinated management programmes, in which public and animal health services as well as municipalities have a crucial role. Control and upgrading programmes should be flexible and able to adapt to the specific conditions of the given country/region. In this context, intersectoral/interprofessional collaborations and community participation are crucial for any national and regional development strategies. In this respect, a global approach considering both public health and socio-economic problems shows to be extremely adequate and effective.

Burhan A.S.H.,Al-Baath University | Nawaya F.R.,Syrian Private University
Progress in Orthodontics | Year: 2014

Background The current study aimed to evaluate the applicability of the methods of Moyers and of Tanaka and Johnston to estimate the mesiodistal widths of permanent canines and premolars in Syrian individuals, to determine whether the predicting equations differ by sex, and to develop more accurate regression equations using various teeth groups as predictors. Methods A total of 670 pretreatment pairs of casts belonging to 342 female patients and 328 male patients were selected from the archives of orthodontic clinics in Damascus University and Al-Baath University. All relevant teeth were measured to the nearest 0.01 mm. Paired t tests were used to test the applicability of the Moyers method and the Tanaka and Johnson equation on Syrian individuals. New regression equations were constructed. Results The predicted values of permanent canines and premolars derived from Moyers' charts at the 50th percentile levels tended to underestimate the actual values for the male subjects but were comparable to the actual values for the female subjects. However, the predicted values derived at the 75th percentile levels tended to be comparable to the actual values for the male subjects and to overestimate the actual values for the female subjects. The predicted values calculated by Tanaka and Johnston's equations tended to overestimate the actual values in both study groups. Conclusions The Moyers method was more accurate for the mixed dentition analysis for Syrian individuals. However, the proper percentile level is determined by sex. The use of the equations constructed using the Syrian sample is advised. © 2014 Burhan and Nawaya.

Ibrahim H.A.-H.,Al-Baath University
Energy Procedia | Year: 2012

Pretreatment of straw for bioethanol production is estimated to account for 33% of the total cost of bioethanol production. The selection of an appropriate pre-treatment technique remains one of the major challenges in developing economically viable technologies for bioethanol production from straw. Several pre-treatment techniques have been considered by different workers including mechanical pre-treatment, irradiation, chemical, fungal and hot water treatment. Review of available pre-treatment techniques and the factors that are most relevant in the choice of an appropriate pre-treatment can play an important role in increasing the efficiency of bioethanol production. © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Tabbaa D.,Al-Baath University
International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents | Year: 2010

Emerging zoonotic disease outbreaks are inevitable and often unpredictable events. The environment surrounding an outbreak is unique in public health, and outbreaks are frequently marked by uncertainty, confusion and a sense of urgency. Good communication at this time, generally through the media, is essential, but examples unfortunately abound of communication failures that have delayed outbreak control, undermined public trust and compliance, and unnecessarily prolonged economic, social and political turmoil. With this paper we hope to disseminate the idea that communication expertise has become as essential to outbreak control as epidemiological training and laboratory analysis. The paper presents the best practices for communicating with the public and discusses future aspects of communicating through the mass media during an outbreak. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy.

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