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Homs, Syria

Al-Baath University , founded in 1979, is a public university located in the city of Homs, Syria, 180 km north of Damascus. It is Syria's fourth largest university.The university was established in 1979; it was established by Presidential Decree No. 44 issued by Hafez al-Assad.Al-Baath University has 22 faculties, 5 intermediate institutes, 40,000 regular students, 20,000 students in open learning, 1310 high studies students and 622 faculty members. The library contains some 63,000 volumes .See also: Faculty of Medicine of Al-Baath University Wikipedia.

The present study aimed to identify predatory mite species of the family Phytoseiidae on citrus trees and common wild plants species within or around citrus orchards. Surveys were carried out in fifty orchards in seven different sites in Lattakia governorate (the main citrus growing region of Syria). Fifteen phytoseiid species belonging to ten genera were found, among which fourteen are recorded for the first time from Syria. Euseius stipulatus was the most abundant on citrus trees, followed by Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) athiasae and Amblyseius andersoni. In this study, one female of the species Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) thesbites is rediscovered and illustrated. Information concerning locations, host plants, number of specimens, and measurements of morphological characteristics of each species collected are provided. © Barbar Z.

Aim: (1) to evaluate the applicability of using 3D digital models in the assessment of Class II Division 1 (Cl II-1) and Class II Division 2 (Cl II-2) malocclusion in a Syrian sample, (2) to detect any significant differences between the two groups in tooth and arch widths, anterior (ABR) and overall Bolton ratios, PAR Index, and (3) to detect any gender differences in these variables. Materials and Methods: Design and setting: observational, cross-sectional study for descriptive and analytical purposes at the Orthodontic Dept., University of Al-Baath Hamah Dental School, Hamah , Syria. Participants: A disproportionate multi-stratified random sampling was employed to select 36 Cl II-1 and 36 Cl II-2 patients (female-to-male ratio was 1:1 in each group). 3D digital models (O3DM®) with a dedicated programme were used to measure dental arch variables. Results: Significant differences were observed between the two groups in the mesiodistal widths of some teeth but not in the dental arch widths. The prevalence of 'discrepancy cases' in Anterior Bolton Ratios (ABRs) was 33.33% and 41.67% in Cl II1 and Cl II2 groups, respectively. The mean PAR Index score was 25.36 and 20.82 for Cl II1 and Cl II2 groups, respectively (p=0.009). Conclusions: (1) 3D digital models enabled fast, accurate and reliable measurements of dental arch characteristics in patients with Class II malocclusion. (2) Insignificant differences between Cl II1 and Cl II2 patients were observed regarding Bolton's ratios and transverse arch measurements. (3) Sexual dimorphism was observed in mesiodistal tooth widths and in dental arch widths, but not in Bolton's ratios and PAR Index scores.

This paper presents the first record of cunaxid predatory mites from Syria. Two species were collected on Malva sylvestris L. growing within citrus orchards: Cunaxa capreolus Berlese and a new species named Cunaxa celineae n. sp., herein described. © Barbar Z. Acarologia is under free license.

Uncontrolled urban growth in South Mediterranean and the Middle East regions involves city dwellers and stray animals (mainly dogs and cats) creating a dense and downgraded environment, in which irregular street garbage collection disposes sufficient food for survival and proliferation of stray animals. Under such conditions serious public health hazards are expected due to the increase of animal bites, the multiplication of insects and rodents vectors of different viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic agents to which humans are exposed. Traditional national stray animal eradication programs and occasional small animals' humane elimination campaigns are insufficient to avert human and veterinary health risks when not coupled with modern technologies. In such environments, multiple foci of emerging and re-emerging zoonoses easily spread, i.e. rabies, hydatidosis, leishmaniasis and toxoplasmosis. Upgrading urban and peri-urban situations requires integrated/coordinated management programmes, in which public and animal health services as well as municipalities have a crucial role. Control and upgrading programmes should be flexible and able to adapt to the specific conditions of the given country/region. In this context, intersectoral/interprofessional collaborations and community participation are crucial for any national and regional development strategies. In this respect, a global approach considering both public health and socio-economic problems shows to be extremely adequate and effective.

Burhan A.S.H.,Al-Baath University | Nawaya F.R.,Syrian Private University
Progress in Orthodontics | Year: 2014

Background The current study aimed to evaluate the applicability of the methods of Moyers and of Tanaka and Johnston to estimate the mesiodistal widths of permanent canines and premolars in Syrian individuals, to determine whether the predicting equations differ by sex, and to develop more accurate regression equations using various teeth groups as predictors. Methods A total of 670 pretreatment pairs of casts belonging to 342 female patients and 328 male patients were selected from the archives of orthodontic clinics in Damascus University and Al-Baath University. All relevant teeth were measured to the nearest 0.01 mm. Paired t tests were used to test the applicability of the Moyers method and the Tanaka and Johnson equation on Syrian individuals. New regression equations were constructed. Results The predicted values of permanent canines and premolars derived from Moyers' charts at the 50th percentile levels tended to underestimate the actual values for the male subjects but were comparable to the actual values for the female subjects. However, the predicted values derived at the 75th percentile levels tended to be comparable to the actual values for the male subjects and to overestimate the actual values for the female subjects. The predicted values calculated by Tanaka and Johnston's equations tended to overestimate the actual values in both study groups. Conclusions The Moyers method was more accurate for the mixed dentition analysis for Syrian individuals. However, the proper percentile level is determined by sex. The use of the equations constructed using the Syrian sample is advised. © 2014 Burhan and Nawaya.

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