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Homs, Syria

Al-Baath University , founded in 1979, is a public university located in the city of Homs, Syria, 180 km north of Damascus. It is Syria's fourth largest university.The university was established in 1979; it was established by Presidential Decree No. 44 issued by Hafez al-Assad.Al-Baath University has 22 faculties, 5 intermediate institutes, 40,000 regular students, 20,000 students in open learning, 1310 high studies students and 622 faculty members. The library contains some 63,000 volumes .See also: Faculty of Medicine of Al-Baath University Wikipedia.

The present study aimed to identify predatory mite species of the family Phytoseiidae on citrus trees and common wild plants species within or around citrus orchards. Surveys were carried out in fifty orchards in seven different sites in Lattakia governorate (the main citrus growing region of Syria). Fifteen phytoseiid species belonging to ten genera were found, among which fourteen are recorded for the first time from Syria. Euseius stipulatus was the most abundant on citrus trees, followed by Typhlodromus (Typhlodromus) athiasae and Amblyseius andersoni. In this study, one female of the species Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) thesbites is rediscovered and illustrated. Information concerning locations, host plants, number of specimens, and measurements of morphological characteristics of each species collected are provided. © Barbar Z. Source

Aim: (1) to evaluate the applicability of using 3D digital models in the assessment of Class II Division 1 (Cl II-1) and Class II Division 2 (Cl II-2) malocclusion in a Syrian sample, (2) to detect any significant differences between the two groups in tooth and arch widths, anterior (ABR) and overall Bolton ratios, PAR Index, and (3) to detect any gender differences in these variables. Materials and Methods: Design and setting: observational, cross-sectional study for descriptive and analytical purposes at the Orthodontic Dept., University of Al-Baath Hamah Dental School, Hamah , Syria. Participants: A disproportionate multi-stratified random sampling was employed to select 36 Cl II-1 and 36 Cl II-2 patients (female-to-male ratio was 1:1 in each group). 3D digital models (O3DM®) with a dedicated programme were used to measure dental arch variables. Results: Significant differences were observed between the two groups in the mesiodistal widths of some teeth but not in the dental arch widths. The prevalence of 'discrepancy cases' in Anterior Bolton Ratios (ABRs) was 33.33% and 41.67% in Cl II1 and Cl II2 groups, respectively. The mean PAR Index score was 25.36 and 20.82 for Cl II1 and Cl II2 groups, respectively (p=0.009). Conclusions: (1) 3D digital models enabled fast, accurate and reliable measurements of dental arch characteristics in patients with Class II malocclusion. (2) Insignificant differences between Cl II1 and Cl II2 patients were observed regarding Bolton's ratios and transverse arch measurements. (3) Sexual dimorphism was observed in mesiodistal tooth widths and in dental arch widths, but not in Bolton's ratios and PAR Index scores. Source

This paper presents the first record of cunaxid predatory mites from Syria. Two species were collected on Malva sylvestris L. growing within citrus orchards: Cunaxa capreolus Berlese and a new species named Cunaxa celineae n. sp., herein described. © Barbar Z. Acarologia is under free license. Source

Al-Naoum F.,Al-Baath University | Hajeer M.Y.,Damascus University | Al-Jundi A.,King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2014

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of alveolar corticotomy on orthodontic tooth movement when retracting upper canines compared with the conventional technique and to evaluate patients' pain and discomfort levels after corticotomy. Materials and Methods: A split-mouth design randomized controlled trial at the Department of Orthodontics (University Al-Baath Dental School) was performed. A total of 30 patients whose orthodontic treatment required canine retraction were included. The predictor variable was the use of corticotomy to facilitate tooth movement. The velocity of space closure was evaluated as the primary outcome variable by measuring the distance between the canine and first molar on each side of the mouth immediately after corticotomy and at 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after corticotomy. The levels of pain and discomfort were evaluated as the secondary outcome variables using a questionnaire administered 4 times during the first week after corticotomy. Paired t tests or Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank tests were used to detect significant differences. Results: A total of 30 patients (15 males and 15 females) were recruited with a mean age of 20.04 ± 3.63 years (range 15 to 24). The space closure velocity after corticotomy was significantly faster on the experimental side than on the control side (x = 0.74 mm/week vs 0.20 mm/week between 1 week after and immediately after corticotomy, respectively; P < .001). The pain encountered during eating was high, with 50% and 30% of patients reporting severe pain at 1 and 3 days postoperatively, respectively. No significant differences were detected between the male and female patients regarding the tooth movement velocity on the experimental side. Conclusions: Alveolar corticotomy increased orthodontic tooth movement and was accompanied by moderate degrees of pain and discomfort. © 2014 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons Source

Uncontrolled urban growth in South Mediterranean and the Middle East regions involves city dwellers and stray animals (mainly dogs and cats) creating a dense and downgraded environment, in which irregular street garbage collection disposes sufficient food for survival and proliferation of stray animals. Under such conditions serious public health hazards are expected due to the increase of animal bites, the multiplication of insects and rodents vectors of different viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic agents to which humans are exposed. Traditional national stray animal eradication programs and occasional small animals' humane elimination campaigns are insufficient to avert human and veterinary health risks when not coupled with modern technologies. In such environments, multiple foci of emerging and re-emerging zoonoses easily spread, i.e. rabies, hydatidosis, leishmaniasis and toxoplasmosis. Upgrading urban and peri-urban situations requires integrated/coordinated management programmes, in which public and animal health services as well as municipalities have a crucial role. Control and upgrading programmes should be flexible and able to adapt to the specific conditions of the given country/region. In this context, intersectoral/interprofessional collaborations and community participation are crucial for any national and regional development strategies. In this respect, a global approach considering both public health and socio-economic problems shows to be extremely adequate and effective. Source

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