Al Ain University of Science and Technology (AAU, in Arabic:جامعة العين للعلوم والتكنولوجيا was established in 2004 and is located in the city of Al Ain, within the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Wikipedia.
Ghandour A.,Al Ain University of Science and Technology
International Journal of Electronic Commerce Studies | Year: 2015
Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) continue to struggle to measure the success of their website. This results in ineffective eCommerce activities and the consequent disappointment in recognisable benefits. There is a need for a website operational model offering managers the ability to understand the payoffs from their investment. This paper presents an empirically proven intuitive eCommerce website operational model that offers managers a comprehensive way of understanding their website operation. The model premise is simple: the achievement of operational excellence will lead to improved financial performance. The central task for managers, then, lies in understanding what drives operational excellence and then committing the necessary resources to the development of the drivers. Managerial implications stemming from the empirical findings are also discussed.
Al-Tabakha M.M.,Al Ain University of Science and Technology
Journal of Controlled Release | Year: 2015
The current review was designed to compare between the insulin inhalation systems Exubera and Afrezza and to investigate the reasons why Exubera was unsuccessful, when Afrezza maker is expecting their product to be felicitous. In January 2006, Pfizer secured FDA and EC approval for the first of its kind, regular insulin through Exubera inhaler device for the management of types 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in adults. The product was no longer available to the market after less than two years from its approval triggering a setback for competitive new inhalable insulins that were already in various clinical development phases. In contrary, MannKind Corporation started developing its ultra-rapid-acting insulin Afrezza in a bold bid, probably by managing the issues in which Exubera was not successful. Afrezza has been marketed since February, 2015 by Sanofi after getting FDA approval in June 2014. The results from this systematic review indicate the effectiveness of insulin inhalation products, particularly for patients initiating insulin therapy. Pharmaceutical companies should capitalize on the information available from insulin inhalation to produce competitive products that are able to match the bioavailability of subcutaneous (SC) insulin injection and to deal with the single insulin unit increments and basal insulin requirements in some diabetic patients or extending the horizon to inhalable drug products with completely different drug entities for other indications. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Al-Tabakha M.M.,Al Ain University of Science and Technology
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2010
Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) is employed for a wide variety of pharmaceutical and food preparations. Its applications as viscolizing agent (thickening agent), coating polymer, bioadhesive, in solid dispersion to enhance solubility, binder in the process of granulation and in modified release formulations have been well documented. One other notable use is in the production of capsule shells, replacing the animal derived gelatin in conventional two-piece capsules. The aim of this review is to systemically survey published literature on the HPMC use in capsule shells and resolve questions regarding their suitability as a replacement for hardgelatin capsules. Future refinements in the production and filling of HPMC capsule shells and improvement in their in vivo/in vitro dissolution would ensure their superiority over hard gelatin capsules.
Ishtaiwa F.,Al Ain University of Science and Technology
International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning | Year: 2014
This study investigated students' perceptions towards the affordances and challenges of integrating mobile learning (m-learning) into an undergraduate course. It also examined the impact of students' gender on their perceived affordances and challenges. The relationship between students' perceived affordances and perceived challenges of m-learning was also explored. Questionnaires distributed to 76 students and semi-structured interviews conducted with 17 students were used for collecting data to answer the research questions. The results revealed that students' perceptions towards the affordances of m-learning were particularly positive. They indicated that m-learning can provide an active, flexible, contextualised, and situated learning environment. However, several challenges are associated with m-learning integration. Most notable are: distraction, small device screens, plagiarism, cost, and parents' negative attitudes toward m-learning. The study also revealed that students' gender significantly impacted on the perceived affordances and challenges of m-learning. Finally, a negative significant correlation was found between mobile technology affordances and challenges. Copyright © 2014, IGI Global.
Ishtaiwa F.,Al Ain University of Science and Technology
International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Education | Year: 2014
This study investigated students actual use of mobile technology (MT) as a learning tool and identified their perceptions towards the effects of using MT on the learning process. It also examined the impact of students academic major on their use and perceived effects of MT. The relationship between MT use and its effect on learning was explored as well. To this end, a quantitative study of professional diploma students perceptions of MT was carried out. The results revealed that students use MT in a variety of ways, and they perceive it as primary valuable tools to supplement their learning. However, the nature of MT use is unpretentious in scope. The results also indicated that students academic major significantly impacted their use and perceived effects of MT. In addition, significant correlation was found between the use and effects of MT. Copyright © 2014, IGI Global.
Sadek B.,Al Ain University of Science and Technology |
Fahelelbom K.M.S.,Al Ain University of Science and Technology
Molecules | Year: 2011
A series of 1,3-oxazole, 1,3-thiazole, isomeric 1,2,4-oxadiazole, 1,3,4-oxadiazole, and 1,2,3,4-tetrazole heterocycles was synthesized. All the compounds shared as a common feature the presence of a 4-hydroxyphenyl substituent. The structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by MS, 1H-NMR, and elemental analysis. In vitro antimicrobial activity for all the newly synthesized compounds at concentrations of 200-25 μg/mL was evaluated against Gram+ve organisms such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Gram-ve organisms such as Escherichia coli (E. coli), and the fungal strain Aspergillus niger (A. niger) by the cup plate method. Ofloxacin and ketoconazole (10 μg/mL) were used as reference standards for antibacterial and antifungal activity, respectively. Compounds 15, 16, and 20 showed notable antibacterial and antifungal activities at higher concentrations (200 μg/mL), whereas 17-19 were found to display significant antibacterial or antifungal activity (25-50 μg/mL) against the Gram+ve, Gram-ve bacteria, or fungal cells used in the present study. © 2011 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Sadek B.,Al Ain University of Science and Technology
Der Pharma Chemica | Year: 2011
Nowadays, multi-medicament use is increasing in clinical practice, especially, in the treatment of elder patients. Therefore, the pharmacokinetic drug-drug interaction of medicaments, which are expected to be co administrated in clinical practice, seems to be significant. The present review provides an update for the relationship between type of chemical substitution (aliphatic or aromatic) of imdazole-containig drugs and their tendency to affect hepatic metabolizing enzyme cytochrome P450 (CYP). In the present review, examples of different therapeutically used imidazole-containing drugs are highlighted to support the first evidence regarding the relationship between CYP-inhibition and chemistry of imidazole ring system. The informations provided throughout this article are intended to improve the medicinal chemist's knowledge of imidazole-containig drugs that are therapeutically widely applied as agents including histamine H1 receptor antagonists (antiallergics), histamine H2 receptor antagonists (antiulcers), histamine H3 receptor antagonists (management of cognitive disorders and attention-deficithyperactivity-disorder), antivirals, antiHIV, antibacterials, antifungals, anethelmintics, antiemetics, and antihypertensives.
Hussain N.,Al Ain University of Science and Technology
Diabetology International | Year: 2016
Diagnosing diabetes now includes a new criterion; hemoglobin A1C ≥6.5 % which can have significant implications. This review compares the advantages and disadvantages of using HbA1C as the main diabetic diagnostic test. HbA1C has greater stability and less variability than plasma glucose measurements but may not always reflect glycemic levels of glycaemia. The present cut off value identifies fewer diabetics than glucose-based criteria. HbA1C being more convenient could diagnose more patients but this is not yet proven. When choosing a diagnostic test, the limitations of each test must be clearly understood to use appropriate clinical judgment and consider patient preference. © 2015, The Japan Diabetes Society.
Soomro T.R.,Al Ain University of Science and Technology |
Hesson M.,Al Ain University of Science and Technology
Journal of Computer Science | Year: 2012
Problem statement: There are several IT best practices and IT standards, which are independently supporting enterprises. Some of them have similarities and other differ from each other. This study discusses these best practices and standards in contrast with ITIL. Approach: CMMI, CobiT, eTOM, ISO 9000, ISO/IEC 17799, Malcolm Baldrige and Six Sigma will be introduces along with ITIL. Results: This study will prove that all these IT based practices and IT standards are useful and helpful when concurrently adopted with ITIL. Conclusion: By adopting the best IT practices and IT standards ITIL will be benefited in IT Service Support and IT Service Delivery areas. © 2012 Science Publications.
Shana Z.A.,Al Ain University of Science and Technology |
Abulibdehb E.S.,Al Ain University of Science and Technology
International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning | Year: 2015
Globalization is irreversible and the Internet is increasingly used to connect people and share information worldwide. The proliferation of digital information allows us to make choices about how we gather information and use technology to enhance learning. This is especially true in an academic environment, where the Internet is often used as a tool to facilitate deeper learning. The focus of this study is to investigate whether and how to use blogs to boost student learning in a traditional learning environment where lecture based (didactic) instructional practices still prevailing. This paper will also look at Al-Ain University of Science and Technology (AAU) student perceptions of the benefits of blogs for enhancing college learning. To explore these issues, Blogging was introduced to students in the Internet Technology class. A combination of one hundred and ninety-nine graduate and undergraduate AAU students answered an online questionnaire exploring their perceptions of blogs as a learning tool. Quantitative and qualitative data was also collected through open-ended questionnaires, student journals and reports, and end-ofclass e-portfolios. All statistical analyses were carried out with SPSS. Results indicate that blogs have the potential to empower and enhance student learning. Student response to using blogs in the course has been overwhelmingly positive.