Uyo, Nigeria

Akwa Ibom State University ] was conceived and funded by the Akwa Ibom State Government of Nigeria, its primary focus is to create an exciting community of people with a passion to constantly seek knowledge that addresses practical issues of development in Nigeria. If the current trends continue, it is expected that AKSU will become the melting pot where knowledge meets industry; a collaborative environment for learning and industry; a university that extends the frontiers of knowledge in every field of human endeavour through research, innovation and deliberate enquiry; a leader in the provision of facilities for advanced research and applied technology. The University is preparing to open its doors to its pioneer students in the 2010/2011 academic year. Wikipedia.

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Etim N.N.,Akwa Ibom State University | Oguike M.A.,Michael Okpara University of Agriculture
Animal Reproduction | Year: 2015

The study was conducted to investigate the conception rates of rabbit does fed Aspilia africana as forage using thirty (30) Dutch breed rabbit does of average age of 6 months which were randomly divided into three treatment groups with ten does per treatment. The treatment consisted of T1 - mixed forages (Ipomea batatas leaves, Centrosema pubescens, Musa sapientum leaves, Panicum maximum) without A. africana (control), T2 - fresh A. africana and T3 - wilted A. africana. Each treatment was replicated five times with two does per replicate in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The rabbits in all the treatment groups were fed 300 g of the same concentrate diet which contained 18.0% crude protein (CP) and 2620 kcal ME/kg throughout the study and 500 g of mixed forages which consisted of Ipomea batatas leaves, Centrosema pubescens, Musa sapientum leaves, and Panicum maximum from the commencement of the experiment until parturition. The test forage was introduced in treatments 2 and 3 following parturition. Does in the control group (T1) continued on the mixed forages fed during acclimatization. After weaning at four weeks, the does were remated two weeks later. Two weeks after remating, the does were palpated in the lower abdomen to confirm pregnancy. When no pregnancy was found, A. africana was suspended for three weeks. Three weeks later, the does were mated again. The study revealed no significant (P > 0.05) differences in daily feed intake of does among the various treatment groups throughout the study. Gestation length (29.10, 29.40, 29.20 for T1, T2 and T3 respectively), receptivity (3, 3, 2 for T1, T2 and T3 respectively) conception rates (96, 96, 99 for T1, T2 and T3 respectively) and ovarian weights (0.20, 0.22 and 0.20 for T1, T2 and T3 respectively) of the does in the various treatment groups showed no significant differences (P > 0.05) before the introduction of the test plants (A. africana). During the period of administration of the test plant, the treated groups T2 and T3 had significantly lower (P < 0.05) mean values for receptivity (T2 and T3 = 1) compared to T1 (3), conception rates for T2 and T3 were 0% and T1 was 100%. The gestation length for the control was 30.5 days while gestation was not recorded for T2 and T3 since they did not conceive at all. The ovarian weight of the control T1 (0.20 g) was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than T2 and T3 both of which recorded 0.13 g for their ovarian weights. The study showed that the use of A. africana was deleterious to fertility in rabbits.

George N.J.,Akwa Ibom State University | Ubom A.I.,University of Calabar | Ibanga J.I.,Akwa Ibom State University
International Journal of Geophysics | Year: 2014

Geophysical, geochemical, and hydrogeological measurements have been integrated to assess the effect of leachate on groundwater quality within the dumpsite in Ikot Epene Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Southern Nigeria, and its environs. The resistivity values and depth of burial of the geomaterials, constrained by geology, were used in producing resistivity cross sections which show the geoelectric distribution of the subsurface near and away from the dumpsite. The observed high conductivity in subsurface layers closed to the dumpsite is symptomatic of the leachate-loaded conductive fluid leached and drained into the subsurface. The hydrochemical results of some species conform to WHO standards, while some were found to be relatively higher due to dissolution, leaching, and draining of leachate related contaminants in the soil. The correlation indices of the ion pairs show no significant effect on the paired ions, indicating that the significant value of some of the individual ions is not geologic but due to precipitation from the leachate residue. In general, the effect of leachate is more dominant in the immediate groundwater pathway near the dumpsite than aquifer repositories away from it. The crossplots of the water resistivity and bulk resistivity show exponential increase for the different layers. © 2014 N. J. George et al.

Akpan A.E.,University of Calabar | Ugbaja A.N.,University of Calabar | George N.J.,Akwa Ibom State University
Environmental Earth Sciences | Year: 2013

Information generated from geophysical, geochemical and hydrogeological data has been used in assessing the groundwater resource potential, quality and usability and in mapping flow directions within the shallow subsurface of the Mamfe Embayment, Cross River State, Nigeria. The electrical resistivity technique in which the Schlumberger's vertical electrical sounding field procedure has been adopted was the geophysical method employed; lithology logs from drilling records, discharge rates, static water level information were the hydrogeological information utilized, while the geochemical techniques involve analyses of water samples. Apparent resistances were measured using different resistivity meters including OYO McOhm (model 2115), ABEM terrameter (SAS300B and SAS1000 models) and IGIS (SSP-ATS-MRP model) with maximum current electrode separation reaching 1 km in some communities. Geological information was used as control in the modelling and interpretation of all geophysical data. The physico-chemical parameters of the water samples from the different water sources in the area were determined using different analytical techniques and in some cases, by in situ direct measurement of some parameters. Measured values of electrical conductivity, static water level, available aquifer discharge information and calculated SAR and %Na were integrated into the geophysical and hydrogeological results. The shallow subsurface of the area is segmented into four hydrogeological provinces [crystalline basement province (CBP), Cross River Plain Province (CRPP), Nkporo-Afikpo Shales Province (NASP) and alluvial/buried river province (ABRP) with localized groundwater flow patterns]. Results indicated that the alluvial (discharge rate of 3.83 L/s), fractured sandstone (discharge rate of 2.43 L/s) and basement (discharge rate of 1.80 L/s) aquifers are more yielding than the aquifers in areas covered with deformed shales (discharge rate of 0.62 L/s) and siltstone aquifers (discharge rate of 0.97 L/s). The aquifer horizons are inhomogeneous and anisotropic with topography and lithology exerting significant influence on groundwater flow direction. However, there appears to be some high yielding aquifers at depths greater than 100 m in the CRPP areas although researches on their distribution are still ongoing. Precipitation is the major source of recharge and the water is enriched with Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, HCO3 -, Cl-, SO4 2- and NO3 - throughout the year. Graphical analyses of hydrochemical data using Piper and Stiff diagrams show that Ca-(Mg)-CO3-HCO3 is the dominant water facies. Results from EC, SAR and %Na show that the water is fresh and belongs to the good-to-excellent class and is, therefore, suitable for domestic, agricultural and industrial use. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

George N.J.,Akwa Ibom State University | Ibanga J.I.,Akwa Ibom State University | Ubom A.I.,University of Calabar
Journal of African Earth Sciences | Year: 2015

Saltwater-freshwater contamination affects groundwater in the coastal belts of Ikot Abasi Local Government Area thereby causing deterioration in groundwater quality and discourages the uses of groundwater in the area. To investigate the ingress of saltwater from river sources into fresh groundwater sources, we deployed the indices of geoelectric and geohydrogeological outliers to assess the intrusion of groundwater into freshwater. The resulting Dar-Zarrouk parameters generated from constrained one dimensional (1D) inversion of vertical electrical sounding (VES) and geohydrogeological indices from measured water electrical conductivity (WEC), total dissolved solids (TDS), temperature and pH value indicate that hydrogeological units with depths >105. m deep and resistivity. >190. Ω. m are none saline as the WEC and the TDS values are respectively <700. mS/cm and 500. mg/L. However, aquifers with resistivity slightly <190. Ω. m or >190. Ω. m but with depth of burial <105. m are all prone to salinity as their measured WECs and TDS exceed 700. mS/cm and 500. mg/L respectively. The ratio of the radial saltwater source distance to depth of borehole has to be ≤30 for a successful exploitation of freshwater from the mapped area. Box and whisker plots and contour maps have been deployed to show the variability of the measured parameters. The results show that invasion of salinity from saltwater sources into freshwater in the study area is humongous and predominant in the shallow depths of the saturated layers. The visual observations of boreholes drilled within the shallow depths show chemical effect of corrosion in metal parts, plastic tanks and the raised concrete parts which are evidences of ingress of saline water into shallow formation in the mapped area. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Unadike B.C.,Akwa Ibom State University
Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria | Year: 2012

Youths are the most vulnerable group affected by the HIV pandemic and its spread is most rapid amongst them. Their knowledge and awareness about this disease could transform to positive habits which could stem the tide of the pandemic. This study therefore set out to find out about the knowledge and awareness of HIV/AIDS and sexual behaviour amongst pre-clinical medical student in a Nigerian University. This was a cross sectional descriptive study carried out in the University of Uyo Medical School. Structured questionnaire was administered to consenting students to gather relevant information about socio-demographic characteristic, HIV/AIDS awareness, sexual behaviour, willingness to screen for HIV/AIDS amongst others. One hundred and fourteen students completed the questionnaire. Majority (82) were males, with most of them aged between 16-24 years. All of them (100%) had heard about HIV/IADS, before, and majority heard it from the first time through the electronic media. Majority (83.9%) could identify all the routes of transmission of HIV/AIDS while all respondents identified HIV virus as being. Ninety five percent agreed there is no cure for the disease. Thirty seven percent of then were sexually active with the mean age of sexual debut being 17.2 +/- 3.95 years. Only 70% of the sexually active respondent admitted using a condom during sexual intercourse. Majority (94.3%) agreed to undergo voluntary counselling and testing with 73% saying they will seek medical attention if infected. Only 40.2% of the respondent agreed to disclose their status if they test positive to the virus. Awareness and knowledge among certain aspects of HIV/AIDS amongst pre-clinical medical students in Uyo is high. However certain risk behaviour like no consistent use of condom during sexual intercourse still persist with many students not readil accepting to disclose their HIV status if they test positive to the virus. We advocate increased awareness, sensitization and education of the entire populace about HIV/AIDS. Government should also legislate laws to prevent discrimination, stigmatization and victimization of those affected by the virus.

Udom G.N.,University of Uyo | Idiong N.B.,Akwa Ibom State University
Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2011

A study was conducted to evaluate the nutritional potential and concentrations of antinutritional factors of mixed local fodder diets for goats supplemented with two exotic species namely Leucaena leucocephala and Gliricidia sepium. A total of five diets were formulated, arranged and analyzed in a completely randomized design with three replicates. The three years (2007, 2008 and 2009) of sample collection and analyses constituted the three replicates. Significant means were separated using Duncan's Multiple Range test. Significant variations (p<0.05) were observed among diets in the proximate, mineral and antinutritional factor compositions. Diets supplemented with the exotic leguminous species had higher protein and mineral contents than the locally - mixed fodder diets (TD), with content increasing with increased supplementation level. Although supplementation of local fodder diets with exotic species is highly recommended, however, further studies on appropriate methods of detoxifying the antinutritionalfactors as well as feeding levels of the toxic species are inevitable.

Ukommi U.,Akwa Ibom State University
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science | Year: 2015

The growth and application of mobile devices in accessing multimedia contents, including mobile video calls and distribution of images among people globally is constraining the wireless network resources. Due to dynamic nature of wireless network and limited networking resources, adaptation scheme for improved multimedia communication is proposed. Considering the impact of channel errors on received mobile video quality performance, the scheme employs adaptation process in the design process. The scheme improves received video quality performance by systematically adapting the encoding parameters for efficient delivery of video streams. Performance of the proposed scheme is tested using simulated wireless model. The result shows that the proposed scheme can improve the quality of multimedia communication over error prone wireless channel.

George N.J.,Akwa Ibom State University | Emah J.B.,Akwa Ibom State University | Ekong U.N.,Akwa Ibom State University
Journal of African Earth Sciences | Year: 2015

We used geophysical and laboratory techniques to study the geohydraulic properties of the geological units in the Niger Delta of southern Nigeria. Our main objective was to investigate the distribution of the geohydrodynamic parameters and to establish the interrelationships among them in the study area for effective characterisation of hydrogeological units. Measurements on the core samples aided in the estimation of effective porosities. The hydrogeological units' bulk resistivities measured from 1-D resistivity data constrained by nearby boreholes and the formation pore-water resistivities measured in the laboratory were used in computing the hydrogeological unit formation factor resistivity. Integration of field and laboratory measurements in conjunction with regression analysis of the data led to the determination of the hydrodynamic coefficients of the hydrogeological units. The graphs and the contour maps generated from the data show the variations and the interrelationships among the parameters. A theoretical model for the porosity-resistivity formation factor relation which conforms to Dakhnov's formulation, obtained for similar sediment with different grain sizes in another geological province has been developed based on the measured data. A good approximation with error of the mean square of 2.48 and standard deviation of 1.5 was obtained between the experimental aquifer formation factor F and the predicted aquifer formation factor Fm. Generally, the results of our study reveal good correlations with similar studies carried out in literatures at different places. The juxtaposition of contour maps which show variations of geohydraulic parameters in a continuum is worthwhile. The changes in geohydraulic parameters are influenced by size of grains, magnitude of pore sizes and shapes, pore-water and formation conductivities, facies changes and anisotropy of aquifer sediments. Our results have not really shown any interaction between freshwater and saltwater within the potential aquifers despite the proximity of the salt water within the area. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Andy J.J.,Akwa Ibom State University
African journal of medicine and medical sciences | Year: 2010

Mural thrombi and thromboemboli are very common in idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES), whose cardiac pathology is indistinguishable from endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF). Although mural thrombi are common in EMF cases, and post mortem embolic infarcts are frequently seen; clinical recognition of thromboembolism in EMF is unusual. We report here 4 cases of clinically recognized thromboembolism among 106 consecutive cases of EMF (including a case with a sudden onset of vascular occlusion and a below knee infarction and auto-amputation of the right leg). Two of the 4 cases had hypereosinophilia that was probably induced by microfilaria. The mechanisms of mural thrombosis and thromboembolic infarcts in EMF cases are discussed, and the possibility shown that helminth induced eosinophilic myocarditis can induce similar acute mural thrombosis and thromboembolism. The place of anticoagulant therapy in EMF is discussed.

Ibuot J.C.,University of Uyo | Akpabio G.T.,University of Uyo | George N.J.,Akwa Ibom State University
Central European Journal of Geosciences | Year: 2013

Vertical electrical sounding (VES), employing a Schlumberger electrode configuration, was used to investigate the sediments and aquifer repositories in Itu Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom state, southern Nigeria. This was done in sixteen (16) locations/communities with the maximum current electrode spread ranging between 800-1000m. The field data were interpreted using forward and iterative least square inversion modeling, which gives a resolution with 3-5 geoelectric layers. The observed frequencies in curve types include 31.25% of AKH, 18.8% of AAK and HK and 6.25% of K, QHK, AKH, KA and KHQ, respectively. These sets of curves show a wide range of variabilities in resistivities between and within the layers penetrated by current. The presence of K and H curve types in the study area indicates the alteration of the geomaterials with limited hydrologic significance to the prolific groundwater repository. A correlation of the constrained nearby borehole lithology logs with the VES results shows that the layers were all sandy formations (fine and well sorted sands to gravelly sands or medium to coarse-grained sands as described by nearby lithology logs) with some wide ranges of electrical resistivity values and thicknesses caused by electrostratigraphic inhomogeneity. The geologic topsoil (motley topsoil) is generally porous and permeable and as such the longitudinal conductance (S) values for the covering/protective layer is generally less than unity of Siemens (S < 1Ω-1), the value considered for efficient protection of the underlying aquifers by the topmost and overlying layer. The spatial orientations and the leveling patterns of the most economically viable potential groundwater repository within the maximum current electrode separations has been delineated in 2-D and 3-D contoured maps. The estimated depth range for the desired groundwater repository is 32.6-113.1m and its average depth value is 74.30m. The thickness of this layer ranges from 27.9-103m while its average depth has been evaluated to be 63.02m. Also, its resistivity range and average value have been estimated to be 507-5612Ωm and 3365.125Ωm © Versita sp. z o.o.

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