PubMed | Erzincan University, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University and Aksaray State Hospital Aksaray
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental medicine | Year: 2016
Erectile dysfunction (ED) and coronary artery disease (CAD) are closely related as a result of endothelial dysfunction leading to the restriction of blood flow. ED is a potential independent risk factor of CAD. We investigated the prevalence and severity of ED, the extent of CAD and the time interval between the symptoms of ED and CAD in the stable coronary artery patients.161 patients applied coronary angiography were divided into two groups according to SYNTAX score as group 1 (n=81) SYNTAX score 22, and group 2 (n=80) SYNTAX score >22. The prevalence and severity of ED was determined by using The International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF).The prevalence of ED was 43.2% in group 1 and 61.3% in group 2 (P=0.022). The score of IIEF was 23.1 (15-29) in group 1, 19.3 (6-29) in group 2; there was a significant difference (P=0.000). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis carried out in order to determine the independent predictors on Syntax score, it was found that LDL (odds ratio: 1.032, 95% confidence interval: 1.009-1.055, P=0.007) and IIEF score (odds ratio: 0.825, 95% confidence interval: 0.733-0.928, P=0.001) were the independent predictors. The time between the symptoms of ED and CAD 30.1 4.8 months in group 1, and 40.5 4.3 months in group 2 (P=0.000).The severity of ED is an independent factor predicting the extent of CAD. The early detection of ED enables to make a cardiovascular evaluation. Therefore, taking the cardiovascular risk factors under an aggressive treatment may contribute to prevent the cardiovascular cases which may develop in the future.
PubMed | Gazi State Hospital Samsun, Ondokuz Mayis University, Aksaray State Hospital Aksaray and Artvin State Hospital Artvin
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental medicine | Year: 2015
The newly identified adipokine chemerin has been shown to be associated with the components of MetS, inflammation and insulin resistance. In this study, the relationship between serum chemerin levels and the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) was evaluated in patients with MetS.The study population consisted of 84 MetS patients (43 patients with CAD and 41 without CAD), who had coronary angiography for suspected coronary artery disease, and 46 healthy individuals as a control group. Angiographic CAD was defined as 50% luminal diameter stenosis of at least one major epicardial coronary artery. The severity of CAD was determined by the Gensini score. Serum chemerin levels were measured with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Serum chemerin levels were significantly higher in patients with MetS (n=84) than those in the control group (120.4725.32 vs. 90.411.4 ng/ml P < 0.001). In addition, MetS patients with CAD had higher chemerin levels than MetS patients without CAD (128.726.6 vs. 115.715.2 ng/ml, P < 0.001). Serum chemerin levels had a significant positive correlation with the Gensini score (r=0.58, P < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression demonstrated that serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and chemerin levels were significant and independent predictors for determining the presence of angiographic CAD (OR=1.009, 95% CI: 0.972-1.057; P=0.003 and OR=0.925, 95% CI: 0.896-0.922; P < 0.001, respectively).This study demonstrated that in patients with MetS, chemerin levels were higher in patients with CAD than patients without CAD and also showed a significant positive correlation with CAD severity.