Radwany S.M.,Summa Health System |
Von Gruenigen V.E.,Summa Akron City Hospital
Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2012
Palliative care improves the quality of life of patients and their families through the prevention and treatment of distressing symptoms while addressing the psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of patient care. Emerging paradigms of delivery promote early involvement in the disease trajectory and specialty approaches to care. Interdisciplinary assessment and shared decision making are important components. Throughout the disease course, aggressive symptom management can improve patients' quality of life and their ability to tolerate and continue treatment. End-of-life care focuses on comfort, control, meaning, and support that become particularly intense when death is imminent. © 2012, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Frey J.,Emergency Medicine Research Center |
Zalewski J.,Summa Akron City Hospital |
Maiers J.F.,San Juan Regional Medical Center
Prehospital Emergency Care | Year: 2013
Background. Identifying ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs) by paramedics can decrease door-to-balloon times. While many paramedics are trained to obtain and interpret electrocardiograms (ECGs), it is unknown how accurately they can identify STEMIs. Objective. This study evaluated paramedics' accuracy in recognizing STEMI on ECGs when faced with potential STEMI mimics. Methods. This was a descriptive cohort study using a survey administered to paramedics. The survey contained questions about training, experience, and confidence, along with 10 ECGs: three demonstrating STEMIs (inferior, anterior, and lateral), two with normal results, and five STEMI mimics (left ventricular hypertrophy [LVH], ventricular pacing, left and right bundle branch blocks [LBBB, RBBB], and supraventricular tachycardia [SVT]). We calculated the overall sensitivity and specificity and the proportion correct with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results. We obtained 472 surveys from 30 municipal emergency medical services (EMS) agencies in five counties with 15 medical directors from seven hospitals. The majority (69%) reported ECG training within the preceding year, 31% within six months; and 74% were confident in recognizing STEMIs. The overall sensitivity and specificity for STEMI detection were 75% and 53% (95% CI 73%-77%, 51%-55%), respectively. Ninety-six percent (453/472, 95% CI 94%-98%) correctly identified the inferior myocardial infarction (MI), but only 78% (368/472, 94% CI 74%-82%) identified the anterior MI and 51% (241/472, 46%-56%) the lateral MI. Thirty-seven percent (173/472, 95% CI 32%-41%) of the paramedics correctly recognized LVH, 39% (184/472, 95% CI 35%-44%) LBBB, and 53% (249/472, 95% CI 48%-57%) ventricular pacing as not a STEMI. Thirty-nine percent (185/472, 95% CI 35%-44%) correctly identified all three STEMIs; however, only 3% of the paramedics were correct in all interpretations. The two normal ECGs were recognized as not a STEMI by 97% (459/472, 95% CI 95%-99%) and 100% (472/472, 95% CI 99%-100%). There was no correlation between training, experience, or confidence and accuracy in recognizing STEMIs. Conclusions. Despite training and a high level of confidence, the paramedics in our study were only able to identify an inferior STEMI and two normal ECGs. Given the paramedics' low sensitivity and specificity, we cannot rely solely on their ECG interpretation to activate the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Future research should involve the evaluation of training programs that include assessment, initial training, testing, feedback, and repeat training. Copyright © 2012 Informa Plc.
Goldberg E.A.,Northeast Ohio Medical University |
Venkat-Ramani T.,Summa Akron City Hospital |
Hewit M.,Northeast Ohio Medical University |
Bonilla H.F.,University of Pittsburgh
Epidemiology and Infection | Year: 2013
This 10-year retrospective study assessed the epidemiology and outcomes of patients with Fusobacterium bacteraemia (FB) at a tertiary-care hospital in the USA-this is the second study focusing on FB in adults to be conducted in the USA in 30 years. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, treatment, and outcome data were collected and statistically analysed. Nineteen patients with FB were identified, representing 0·11% of bacteraemia cases. Mean age was 58·6 years with equal gender distribution. Common comorbidities included cardiovascular disease (CVD) and immunosuppression. Thirty-day mortality was 21·1%, and 68·4% of FB patients required intensive care unit (ICU) admission. Elevated creatinine levels and mental status changes were associated with higher mortality (P = 0·0181 and 0·0374, respectively). CVD, diabetes, and ICU admission were associated with increased length of hospital stay (P = 0·0017, 0·0010, and 0·0379, respectively). The prevalence of FB at our hospital was very low, with poor outcomes associated with increased creatinine level, mental status changes, CVD, diabetes and ICU admission. © 2012 Cambridge University Press.
Von Gruenigen V.E.,Summa Akron City Hospital
Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2011
Objective: To examine lifestyle behaviors that may contribute to endometrial cancer survivor morbidity and to identify associations with quality of life. Methods: Patients with early-stage (I or II) endometrial cancer with a body mass index of at least 25 kg/m completed questionnaires on smoking, physical activity, fruit and vegetable intake, and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT) and Short-Form medical outcomes (SF-36) quality-of-life surveys. Behaviors were compared with American Cancer Society 2006 guidelines for cancer survivors (150 min/wk of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; five servings fruit and vegetables per day; no smoking). Effect size (d) was calculated for the difference in means between meeting and not meeting guidelines (d=0.5 moderate effect). Results: A total of 120 participants were enrolled. Of those, 43% had hypertension, 35% osteoarthritis, 33% metabolic syndrome, 21% type 2 diabetes mellitus, and 93% abdominal obesity. Only 12% of participants were meeting physical activity guidelines. Fifteen percent reported five or more servings of fruit and vegetables per day; mean intake was 2.6 servings per day. Seventy-four percent of participants were nonsmokers. Only 1% of participants met all three American Cancer Society guidelines; 22% met none of the recommendations. The emotional well-being (mean 17.4 [±4.1] compared with 20.1 [±4.1]; d=0.66) and fatigue scores (mean 34.6 [±9.5] compared with 40.5 [±9.6]; d=0.62) indicate that those who do not meet the guidelines had lower emotional well-being and increased fatigue. Conclusion: Endometrial cancer survivors have unhealthy lifestyles that put them at risk for morbidity. This survivor group should be offered multi-behavioral lifestyle interventions after diagnosis. © 2010 by The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Dean D.E.,Summit County Medical Examiners Office |
Jamison J.M.,Wright State University |
Lane J.L.,Summa Akron City Hospital
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2014
Peritonitis secondary to spontaneous rupture/perforation of the gall bladder is a rare condition overall and is even less common in the forensic population. We report the case of a middle-aged man who died from generalized peritonitis from gall bladder perforation due to acute acalculous cholecystitis. This condition usually occurs in critical patients with systemic illness, and although the exact pathogenesis remains unclear, the development of acalculous cholecystitis appears to be multifactorial. Antemortem diagnosis is reliant upon clinical presentation, laboratory data, and radiologic studies. Surgery and appropriate antibiotics are mainstays of treatment; however, there is an emerging role for minimally invasive procedures. Histopathologic features show significant overlap with the calculous type. Although increasing numbers of acalculous cholecystitis have been diagnosed in the critically ill, the fatal presentation of a perforated gall bladder following an undiagnosed case of acute acalculous cholecystitis is unusual in a nonhospitalized and ambulatory man. © 2014 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.