Akershus University College

Lillestrøm, Norway

Akershus University College

Lillestrøm, Norway
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Kjoollesdal M.R.,University of Oslo | Holmboe-Ottesen G.,University of Oslo | Mosdool A.,Akershus University College | Wandel M.,University of Oslo
British Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2010

Socioeconomic differences in overweight are well documented, but most studies have only used one or two indicators of socioeconomic position (SEP). The aim of the present study was to explore the relative importance of indicators of SEP (occupation, education and income) in explaining variation in BMI and waist:hip ratio (WHR), and the mediating effect of work control and lifestyle factors (dietary patterns, smoking and physical activity). The Oslo Health Study, a cross-sectional study, was carried out in 2000-1, Oslo, Norway. Our sample included 9235 adult working Oslo citizens, who attended a health examination and filled in two complementary FFQ with <20% missing responses to food items. Four dietary patterns were identified through factor analysis, and were named modern, Western, traditional and sweet. In multivariate models, BMI and WHR were inversely associated with education (P<0001/P<0001) and occupation (P=0002/P<0001), whereas there were no significant associations with income or the work control. The modern (P<0001) and the sweet (P<0001) dietary patterns and physical activity level (P<0001) were inversely associated, while the Western dietary pattern (P<0001) was positively associated with both BMI and WHR. These lifestyle factors could not fully explain the socioeconomic differences in BMI or WHR. However, together with socioeconomic factors, they explained more of the variation in WHR among men (21%) than among women (7%). © The Authors 2010.

Knutsen I.R.,Akershus University College | Knutsen I.R.,University of Oslo | Foss C.,University of Oslo
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences | Year: 2011

The aim of this study was to investigate understandings and strategies of empowerment in Learning and Mastery Centres, in a course in lifestyle change for morbidly obese patients. A field study was conducted with nonparticipant observation, and data analysis was inspired by Foucauldian discourse analysis. The analysis revealed powerful discourses underlying the course, and the analysis showed how different discourses were set at play within the teaching strategies in the course. The course leaders balanced powerful aspects that involved directing the participants towards strategies promoting their autonomy. The analysis revealed how strategies to reduce the impression of direction and conduct are powerful actions. From a Foucauldian perspective of power, this analysis demonstrates how power is everywhere as a productive force. When creating programmes to empower patients to help them deal with their health, it seems vital that health professionals examine power. By accepting the presence of power, professionals can examine the truth motivation underlying an empowerment programme. © 2010 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences © 2010 Nordic College of Caring Science.

Sagvolden T.,University of Oslo | Johansen E.B.,Akershus University College
Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences | Year: 2012

Showing that an animal is hyperactive is not sufficient for it to be accepted as a model of ADHD. Based on behavioral, genetic, and neurobiological data, the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) obtained from Charles River, Germany, (SHR/NCrl) is at present the best-validated animal model of ADHD. One Wistar Kyoto substrain (WKY/NHsd), obtained from Harlan, UK, is its most appropriate control. Another WKY substrain (WKY/NCrl) obtained from Charles River, Germany, is inattentive, has distinctly different genetics and neurobiology, and provides a promising model for the predominantly inattentive subtype of ADHD (ADHD-I) if one wants to investigate categorical ADHD subtypes. In this case, also, the WKY/NHsd substrain should be used as control. Although other rat strains may behave like WKY/NHsd rats, neurobiological results indicate significant differences when compared to the WKY/NHsd substrain, making them less suitable as controls for the SHR/NCrl. Thus, there are no obvious behavioral differences among the various SHRs, but there are behavioral and neurobiological differences among the WKY strains. The use of WKY/NCrl, outbred Wistar, Sprague Dawley, or other rat strains as controls for SHR/NCrl may produce spurious neurobiological effects and erroneous conclusions. Finally, model data yield support to independent hyperactivity and inattention dimensions in ADHD behavior. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011.

News Article | December 21, 2016
Site: globenewswire.com

Bermuda, 21 December 2016 - Sevan Drilling Limited ("Sevan" or "the Company") today announces the appointment of Ms. Elin Karfjell and Mr. Scott McReaken as Directors of the Company, and the 2017 financial calendar. Ms. Karfjell is currently Managing Partner of of Atelika AS and has previously held various management positions across a broad range of industries. Prior to her current role, Ms. Karfjell served as Chief Executive Officer of Fabi Group, Director of Finance and Administration at Atea AS, and partner of Ernst & Young AS and Arthur Andersen. She is also a board member of DNO international ASA, Hent AS, Aker Philadelphia Shipyard, North Energy ASA, Idrettens helsesenter AS, and Contesto AS. . Ms. Karfjell holds a Bachelor of Science in Accounting from Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences and a Master of Science in Accounting and Auditing from the Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration. Mr. McReaken has served as the Company's Chief Executive Officer since November 2013. He also serves as the Chief Financial Officer of North Atlantic Drilling and the Treasurer and Secretary of the International Association of Drilling Contractors. Mr. McReaken has worked in offshore drilling industry for over 12 years and began his career at Arthur Andersen. He holds a bachelor of business administration in accounting from The University of Texas at Austin and is a Certified Public Accountant and Certified Internal Auditor. The financial calendar 2017 for Sevan Drilling Limited is as follows: Please note that the dates are subject to change. For further information, please contact: Sevan Drilling Limited is an international offshore drilling contractor specializing in the ultra deepwater segment. Sevan Drilling Limited is listed on Oslo Børs. This information is subject of the disclosure requirements pursuant to section 5-12 of the Norwegian Securities Trading Act.

Sjoberg A.,Gothenburg University | Moraeus L.,Gothenburg University | Yngve A.,Karolinska Institutet | Yngve A.,Akershus University College | And 3 more authors.
Obesity Reviews | Year: 2011

To present the prevalence and urban-rural differences of overweight and obesity in 7-9-year-old Swedish schoolchildren, we used anthropometric data from a nationally representative survey performed in 2008. Trained staff weighed and measured 4538 children in grades 1 and 2 in 94 primary schools. Weight classification was performed using the IOTF reference and school areas were classified based on level of urbanization and area-level education. Overweight was found in 17% of the children including 3% obese. For overweight, odds-ratios were 1.33 and 1.61 (significant) in semi-urban and rural areas, relative to urban areas. After adjusting for area-level education, differences by degree of urbanisation were greatly attenuated and non-significant. For obesity urban-rural differences were observed in boys only and remained after adjustment for area-level education. For area-level education, risk estimates were significantly elevated and unaffected by urbanization and gender, odds-ratios 1.75 and 2.21 for overweight and 2.62 and 3.69 for obesity, in medium- and low-education areas compared to high-education areas. This supports earlier reports identifying areas with low socioeconomic status as high-risk areas for overweight and obesity. However, this study also suggests that gender should be considered when targeting children in urban as well as rural communities for health promoting interventions. © 2011 The Authors. obesity reviews © 2011 International Association for the Study of Obesity.

Nilsson T.K.,Örebro University | Yngve A.,Huddinge Hospital | Yngve A.,Akershus University College | Bottiger A.K.,Örebro University | And 2 more authors.
Pediatrics | Year: 2011

BACKGROUND: Adolescents are vulnerable to increased plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) and to insufficient folate status. Folate status and Hcy metabolism are linked to cognitive functions, but academic achievement by adolescents has not been studied in this respect. OBJECTIVE: To assess a possible link between academic achievement in adolescents and tHcy and its determinants, dietary folate intake, MTHFR 677 TT homozygosity, and socioeconomic status (SES). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A study of 386 Swedish adolescents aged 15 years in whom plasma tHcy and MTHFR 677C →T genotype were assayed. The sum of school grades in 10 core subjects obtained in the final semester of compulsory 9 years of schooling was used as outcome measure of academic achievement. Lifestyle and SES data were obtained from questionnaires. RESULTS: Academic achievement was strongly correlated to tertiles of tHcy (negatively; P = .023) and to tertiles of folate intake (positively; P<.001). Other significant predictors were gender, smoking, and SES (proxied by school, mother's education, and father's income). When these were controlled for, tertiles of folate intake (P < .002) but not tertiles of tHcy (P = .523) or MTHFR genotype remained significantly related to academic achievement. CONCLUSION: Folate intake had a positive association with academic achievement in the 15-year-olds, which was not attenuated by SES or MTHFR 677 TT homozygosity. These results provide new information that points to the importance of keeping a closer watch on folate status in childhood and adolescence. They may also have direct implications for school meal provisions, school teaching programs, and information to parents. Copyright © 2011 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Jonsdottir S.,University of Iceland | Hughes R.,University of The Sunshine Coast | Thorsdottir I.,University of Iceland | Yngve A.,Akershus University College | Yngve A.,Karolinska Institutet
Public Health Nutrition | Year: 2011

Objective To assess and develop consensus among a European panel of public health nutrition stakeholders regarding the competencies required for effective public health nutrition practice and the level of proficiency required in different practice contexts.Design A modified Delphi study involving three rounds of questionnaires.Setting European Union.Subjects Public health nutrition workforce development stakeholders, including academics, practitioners and employers, from twenty European countries.Results A total of fifty-two expert panellists (84 % of an initial panel of sixty-two Delphi participants) completed all three rounds of the Delphi study. The panellists rated the importance of fifty-seven competency units possibly required of a public health nutritionist to effectively practice (Essential competencies). Twenty-nine of the fifty-seven competency units (51 %) met the consensus criteria (≥66·7 % agreement) at the second round of the Delphi survey, with the highest agreement for competencies clustered within the Nutrition science, Professional, Analytical and Public health services competency domains. Ratings of the level of competencies required for different levels in the workforce indicated that for a public health nutrition specialist, advanced-level competency was required across almost all the twenty-nine competencies rated as essential. There were limited differences in rating responses between academics and employer panellists throughout the Delphi study.Conclusions Competencies identified as essential can be used to review current public health nutrition practices and provide the basis for curriculum design and re-development, continuing education and workforce quality assurance systems in Europe. These are all important tools for systematic and strategic workforce development. © 2010 The Authors.

Tveiten S.,Akershus University College | Knutsen I.R.,Akershus University College
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences | Year: 2011

The aim of the study was to highlight the patients' experiences and perspectives of the dialogue with the health professionals at a pain clinic. This knowledge can develop and give nuanced understanding of patient empowerment and sense of control. Qualitative content analysis was used to reveal the meaning of the patients' experiences and perspectives during focus group interviews. The findings and interpretations revealed the main theme; preconditions and opportunities for participation. The main theme was represented by four subthemes; means for common understanding, basis for collaboration, acknowledgement and legitimacy. The findings and interpretations are discussed in the light of an evolving theory on women's sense of control while experiencing chronic pain and empowerment. The dialogue is very important related to aspects of control, remoralization and demoralization and is affected by external structural factors. This underlines the importance of further research focusing on empowerment and power. © 2010 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences © 2010 Nordic College of Caring Science.

Steinunn Steingrimsdottir H.,Akershus University College | Arntzen E.,Akershus University College
American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and other Dementias | Year: 2011

Difficulties with short-term memory are one of the main problems in patients with dementia. Therefore, one purpose of this study was to examine the effects of simultaneous vs delayed presentation of comparison stimuli in a matching-to-sample (MTS) task using computerized training. By using an identity MTS procedure, the participant was trained to select a comparison stimulus identical to a sample stimulus. A 2nd purpose was to study the effect of the number of choices presented, thereby evaluating short-term memory deficits and possible deterioration of deficits over time. In this study, an 80-year-old-male with a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of 10 was exposed to 4 experimental conditions. The results showed that using 3 comparison stimuli presented simultaneously with the sample stimulus on the screen resulted in more incorrect responding than when using 2 comparison stimuli. Furthermore, when adding a 0-second delay between the presentation of the sample stimulus and the 2 comparison stimuli, the number of correct responses did not exceed chance level. © 2011 The Author(s).

Steingrimsdottir H.S.,Akershus University College | Arntzen E.,Akershus University College
Behavioral Interventions | Year: 2011

Dementia is characterized by memory impairment, but it has been suggested that conditional discrimination procedures can be used to study remembering behavior. The paper presents an experiment in which conditional discrimination procedures were used with a patient diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. The purpose of the study was two-fold: (i) compare performance during arbitrary and identity matching-to sample (MTS) tasks and (ii) study the effect of different delays on the participant's responding. The results show that the participant did not respond correctly on the arbitrary MTS tasks but respond correctly on the simultaneous identity MTS tasks. Thus, the participant responded correctly on identity MTS tasks with a 0-s delay and also with 3-, 6-, and 9-s delays; the number of incorrect responses increased with the increasing delay duration. Furthermore, the results also indicate that it is possible to use the delayed matching-to-sample procedure to evaluate the effect of medication given to Alzheimer's patients. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd..

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