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Viquez-Zamora M.,Aj Technology Inc. | Viquez-Zamora M.,Center for Biosystems Genomics | Vosman B.,Aj Technology Inc. | Vosman B.,Center for Biosystems Genomics | And 10 more authors.
BMC Genomics | Year: 2013

Background: The major bottle neck in genetic and linkage studies in tomato has been the lack of a sufficient number of molecular markers. This has radically changed with the application of next generation sequencing and high throughput genotyping. A set of 6000 SNPs was identified and 5528 of them were used to evaluate tomato germplasm at the level of species, varieties and segregating populations.Results: From the 5528 SNPs, 1980 originated from 454-sequencing, 3495 from Illumina Solexa sequencing and 53 were additional known markers. Genotyping different tomato samples allowed the evaluation of the level of heterozygosity and introgressions among commercial varieties. Cherry tomatoes were especially different from round/beefs in chromosomes 4, 5 and 12. We were able to identify a set of 750 unique markers distinguishing S. lycopersicum 'Moneymaker' from all its distantly related wild relatives. Clustering and neighbour joining analysis among varieties and species showed expected grouping patterns, with S. pimpinellifolium as the most closely related to commercial tomatoesearlier results.Conclusions: Our results show that a SNP search in only a few breeding lines already provides generally applicable markers in tomato and its wild relatives. It also shows that the Illumina bead array generated data are highly reproducible. Our SNPs can roughly be divided in two categories: SNPs of which both forms are present in the wild relatives and in domesticated tomatoes (originating from common ancestors) and SNPs unique for the domesticated tomato (originating from after the domestication event). The SNPs can be used for genotyping, identification of varieties, comparison of genetic and physical linkage maps and to confirm (phylogenetic) relations. In the SNPs used for the array there is hardly any overlap with the SolCAP array and it is strongly recommended to combine both SNP sets and to select a core collection of robust SNPs completely covering the entire tomato genome. © 2013 Víquez-Zamora et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Wang D.-C.,CAS Nanjing Institute of Soil Science | Wang D.-C.,Henan Agricultural University | Zhang G.-L.,CAS Nanjing Institute of Soil Science | Zhao M.-S.,CAS Nanjing Institute of Soil Science | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Numerous studies have investigated the direct retrieval of soil properties, including soil texture, using remotely sensed images. However, few have considered how soil properties influence dynamic changes in remote images or how soil processes affect the characteristics of the spectrum. This study investigated a new method for mapping regional soil texture based on the hypothesis that the rate of change of land surface temperature is related to soil texture, given the assumption of similar starting soil moisture conditions. The study area was a typical flat area in the Yangtze-Huai River Plain, East China. We used the widely available land surface temperature product of MODIS as the main data source. We analyzed the relationships between the content of different particle soil size fractions at the soil surface and land surface day temperature, night temperature and diurnal temperature range (DTR) during three selected time periods. These periods occurred after rainfalls and between the previous harvest and the subsequent autumn sowing in 2004, 2007 and 2008. Then, linear regression models were developed between the land surface DTR and sand (> 0.05 mm), clay (< 0.001 mm) and physical clay (< 0.01 mm) contents. The models for each day were used to estimate soil texture. The spatial distribution of soil texture from the studied area was mapped based on the model with the minimum RMSE. A validation dataset produced error estimates for the predicted maps of sand, clay and physical clay, expressed as RMSE of 10.69%, 4.57%, and 12.99%, respectively. The absolute error of the predictions is largely influenced by variations in land cover. Additionally, the maps produced by the models illustrate the natural spatial continuity of soil texture. This study demonstrates the potential for digitally mapping regional soil texture variations in flat areas using readily available MODIS data. Copyright: © 2015 Wang et al.


Monico L.,University of Perugia | Monico L.,University of Antwerp | Janssens K.,University of Antwerp | Hendriks E.,Aj Technology Inc. | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Raman Spectroscopy | Year: 2014

Chrome yellows, a class of pigments frequently used by painters of the Impressionism and Post-impressionism period, are 3 known for their different chemical stability; the latter depends on the chemical composition (PbCrO4, PbCr1-xSxO4) and crystalline structure (monoclinic or orthorhombic) of the material. The possibility to distinguish among different forms of this pigment is therefore relevant in order to extend knowledge on the corresponding degradation process that is observed on several original paintings. For this purpose, three paintings conserved at the Van Gogh Museum (Amsterdam) were analyzed using noninvasive Raman spectroscopy, while equivalent investigations employing bench-top instrumentation were performed to obtain information from micro-samples originating from these works of art. In each painting, the chrome yellow was identified either as monoclinic PbCrO4 or in the form of monoclinic PbCr1-xSxO4 (x< 0.25) or S-rich orthorhombic PbCr1-xSxO4 (x∼0.5). Our ability to make this fairly subtle distinction is based on a Raman study of several oil paint model samples made up of monoclinic and/or orthorhombic crystalline forms of PbCrO4 and PbCr1-xSxO4 (0.1 ≥×≥0.8). These paints were studied using several excitation wavelengths (namely 785.0, 532.0, 514.5, and 488 nm). Because of the absence of the resonance Raman effect, which strongly enhances the chromate symmetric stretching band, and the absence of any laserinduced photodecomposition, it is advantageous to acquire data at 785.0 nm. The band-shape and the position of the chromate bending modes proved to be more sensitive to the solid solution composition and crystalline structure than the stretching modes and can be used as distinctive spectral markers to discriminate among the different chrome yellow forms that are present. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Krishna M.B.,Aj Technology Inc. | Joseph A.,Aj Technology Inc. | Subramaniam A.G.,Aj Technology Inc. | Gupta A.,Aj Technology Inc. | And 2 more authors.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism | Year: 2015

CONTEXT: The immunesupressive action of CD4(+)CD25(+) CD127(-/low) T regulatory cells (Tregs) is vital for an efficient reproductive function. However no data exists on their number or functionality in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to analyze the frequency of circulating Tregs and key factors modulating them in women with PCOS.DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This is a retrospective, case-control cohort study conducted in women with PCOS recruited from Samad IVF hospitals and Women and Children Hospital, Thiruvananthapuram, India. Women with PCOS (N = 20) were diagnosed according to Rotterdam Consensus and normal menstruating women were taken as controls (N = 2331).MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We analyzed the proportion of CD4(+)CD25(+) CD127(-/low) Tregs in women with PCOS by fluorescent activated cell sorting.RESULTS: The study discovered that the women with PCOS have reduced numbers of Tregs (2.626 ± 0.62) compared with controls (4.253 ± 0.87) (t = 6.963, P < .0001, mean difference = -1.627; 95% confidence interval = -2.099--1.155). We documented a decrease in the follicular phase Treg expansion in women with PCOS. Our results revealed a reduced STAT5A (fold change [FC] = 7.642, P < .0004)/STAT5B (FC = 3.824, P < .0001), FOXP3 (FC = 4.1343, P = .0004)/CTLA4 (FC = 2.569, P = .0001) and elevated AKT (FC = 7.39, P = .05)/PIK3 (FC = 5.326, P = .0002) expression in women with PCOS. Recombinant interleukin 2 (rIL2) treatment failed to improve FOXP3/CTLA4 levels but caused a reduction of AKT/PIK3 arm, possibly due to an elevated PTEN in women with PCOS.CONCLUSION: The study suggests that women with PCOS have reduced Tregs due to an inherent hyporesponsiveness to IL2, which is unable to activate STAT5B and reduce FOXP3 expression. IL2-based therapeutic strategies can ameliorate complications in PCOS by suppressing the AKT/PIK3 arm.


Trademark
Aj Technology Inc. | Date: 2011-09-16

Clothing, namely, t-shirts, underwear, sweat shirts, sweat pants, shorts, jeans, pants, leggings, jackets, coats, hats, gloves, scarves, pajamas, sleepwear, track suits, track pants, shoes, jogging outfits, jogging suits, athletic uniforms; Compression garments for athletic or other non-medical use, namely, compression socks, stockings, leggings, jerseys, vests, trousers, shirts.


PubMed | CAS Nanjing Institute of Soil Science, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Henan Agricultural University and Aj Technology Inc.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

Numerous studies have investigated the direct retrieval of soil properties, including soil texture, using remotely sensed images. However, few have considered how soil properties influence dynamic changes in remote images or how soil processes affect the characteristics of the spectrum. This study investigated a new method for mapping regional soil texture based on the hypothesis that the rate of change of land surface temperature is related to soil texture, given the assumption of similar starting soil moisture conditions. The study area was a typical flat area in the Yangtze-Huai River Plain, East China. We used the widely available land surface temperature product of MODIS as the main data source. We analyzed the relationships between the content of different particle soil size fractions at the soil surface and land surface day temperature, night temperature and diurnal temperature range (DTR) during three selected time periods. These periods occurred after rainfalls and between the previous harvest and the subsequent autumn sowing in 2004, 2007 and 2008. Then, linear regression models were developed between the land surface DTR and sand (> 0.05 mm), clay (< 0.001 mm) and physical clay (< 0.01 mm) contents. The models for each day were used to estimate soil texture. The spatial distribution of soil texture from the studied area was mapped based on the model with the minimum RMSE. A validation dataset produced error estimates for the predicted maps of sand, clay and physical clay, expressed as RMSE of 10.69%, 4.57%, and 12.99%, respectively. The absolute error of the predictions is largely influenced by variations in land cover. Additionally, the maps produced by the models illustrate the natural spatial continuity of soil texture. This study demonstrates the potential for digitally mapping regional soil texture variations in flat areas using readily available MODIS data.


PubMed | Aj Technology Inc.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery | Year: 2015

The incidence and natural course of pseudotumors in metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasties is largely unknown. The objective of this study was to identify the true incidence and risk factors of pseudotumor formation in large head metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasties.Incidence, time course and risk factors for pseudotumor formation were analysed after large femoral head MoM-THA. We defined a pseudotumor as a (semi-)solid or cystic peri-prosthetic soft-tissue mass with a diameter 2cm that could not be attributed to infection, malignancy, bursa or scar tissue. All patients treated in our clinic with MoM-THAs were contacted. CT scan, metal ions and X-rays were obtained. Symptoms were recorded.After median follow-up of 3years, 706 hips were screened in 626 patients. There were 228 pseudotumors (32.3%) in 219 patients (35.0%). Pseudotumor formation significantly increased after prolonged follow-up. Seventy-six hips (10.8%) were revised in 73 patients (11.7%), independent risk factors were identified. Best cutoff point for cobalt and chromium was 4g/l (68 and 77nmol/l).This study confirms a high incidence of pseudotumors, dramatically increasing after prolonged follow-up. Risk factors for pseudotumors are of limited importance. Pain was the strongest predictor for pseudotumor presence; cobalt chromium and swelling were considered poor predictors. Cross-sectional imaging is the main screening tool during follow-up.


PubMed | Yale University, G.K.Y., Ohio State University and Aj Technology Inc.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology | Year: 2016

T2 hypointensity in the basal ganglia of patients with MS has been associated with clinical progression and cognitive decline. Our objectives were the following: 1) to compare signal in T2WI, R2 (ie, 1/T2), and R2* (ie, 1/T2*) relaxation rates and quantitative susceptibility mapping; and 2) to investigate the associations among MR imaging, clinical scores, and cognitive measures of inhibitory control linked to basal ganglia functioning.Twenty-nine patients with MS underwent a battery of neuropsychological tests including the Flanker and Stroop tasks. 7T MR imaging included 3D gradient-echo and single-echo multishot spin-echo EPI. Quantitative susceptibility mapping images were calculated by using a Wiener filter deconvolution algorithm. T2WI signal was normalized to CSF. R2 and R2* were calculated by log-linear regression. Average MR imaging metrics for the globus pallidus, putamen, and caudate were computed from manually traced ROIs including the largest central part of each structure.Marked spatial variation was consistently visualized on quantitative susceptibility mapping and T2/T2*WI within each basal ganglia structure. MR imaging metrics correlated with each other for each basal ganglia structure individually. Notably, caudate and putamen quantitative susceptibility mapping metrics were similar, but the putamen R2 was larger than the caudate R2. This finding suggests that tissue features contribute differently to R2 and quantitative susceptibility mapping. Caudate and anterior putamen quantitative susceptibility mapping correlated with the Flanker but not Stroop measures; R2 did not correlate with inhibitory control measures. Putamen quantitative susceptibility mapping and caudate and putamen R2 correlated with the Expanded Disability Status Scale.Our study showed that quantitative susceptibility mapping and R2 may be complementary indicators for basal ganglia tissue changes in MS. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that decreased performance of basal ganglia-reliant tasks involving inhibitory control is associated with increased quantitative susceptibility mapping.

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