AJ Roboscreen

Leipzig, Germany

AJ Roboscreen

Leipzig, Germany
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Wolf J.,University of Leipzig | Lachmann I.,AJ Roboscreen | Wagner U.,AJ Roboscreen | Osman A.A.,AJ Roboscreen | Mothes T.,University of Leipzig
Analytical Biochemistry | Year: 2011

Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) is a calcium-dependent enzyme that catalyzes crosslinking of peptidic glutamine residues with primary amines via isopeptide bonds and hydrolysis of ATP or GTP. The enzyme exerts a variety of functions at the cellular and tissue levels that may be disturbed in disease. Its role in pathoprocesses is poorly understood. For investigation of the involvement of tTG in disease, sensitive and specific assays should be available. We have developed the first sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on two monoclonal antibodies (mabs) against human tTG. tTG is captured by mab 3C10 and detected by biotinylated mab 10F3. After incubation with peroxidase-conjugated streptavidin, bound tTG is visualized by peroxidase reaction applying a luminescence substrate. The detection limit was 40 pg/ml. The assay was highly reproducible. Recovery of spiked tTG in crude samples was greater than 92%. The enzyme could be detected in cellular lysates and tissue homogenates of humans. The effect of typical effectors (retinoic acid and interferon-γ) on tTG expression could be demonstrated. A low signal was also obtained in mice samples, suggesting cross-reactivity of the mabs with murine tTG. The new sandwich ELISA may be successfully applied for investigation of physiological functions of tTG and of disorders associated with inadequate tTG expression. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Wolf J.,University of Leipzig | Lachmann I.,AJ Roboscreen | Wagner U.,AJ Roboscreen | Osman A.,AJ Roboscreen | Mothes T.,University of Leipzig
Analytical Biochemistry | Year: 2011

Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) is a calcium-dependent enzyme that exerts a variety of physiological functions and is involved in various pathoprocesses. To characterize the role of tTG in disease, simple assays are necessary for detection. We developed a highly sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that combines a transamidation step with immunological detection to determine tTG. This assay is based on covalent binding of in vitro activated tTG to N,N′-dimethylated casein and subsequent detection of coupled tTG by specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies directed against tTG followed by binding of a secondary biotin-labeled antibody. The assay reaches a detection limit of 0.05 ng of tTG/ml. Type 1 and 3 transglutaminases and factor XIII are not detected. By use of this assay, tTG in several cell lines and the stimulatory effect of retinoic acid on tTG expression could be demonstrated. The new assay represents a promising tool for the study of tTG in normal cell physiology and under pathological conditions. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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