Paris, France
Paris, France

Air Liquide S.A., or Air Liquide , is a French multinational company which supplies industrial gases and services to various industries including medical, chemical and electronic manufacturers. Founded in 1902, it is the world's second largest supplier of industrial gases by revenues and has operations in over 80 countries. It is headquartered in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France. Air Liquide owned the patent for Aqua-Lung until it time-expired.Although Air Liquide's headquarters are located in Paris, France, it also has a major site in Japan , as well as in Houston, TX, and Newark, DE, USA. There is an emphasis on research and development throughout the entire Air Liquide company. R&D targets the creation of not only industrial gases, but also gases that are used in products such as healthcare items, electronic chips, foods and chemicals. The major R&D groups within Air Liquide focus on analysis, bioresources , combustion, membranes, modeling, and the production of Hydrogen gas.As of 2009, the company is ranked 484 in the Fortune Global 500. Wikipedia.


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Method of forming an amorphous-silicon - germanium single layer to be applied in single, multi or tandem junction thin film solar cells, the method comprising at least the steps of:- a) setting a substrate on a substrate holder inside a reactor chamber between an upper high frequency electrode and a bottom high frequency electrode, where the substrate is under high frequency power and differential of potential or voltage bias between both electrodes, where inter electrode distance is between 5mm to 50mm, preferably 11 mm;- b) entering reaction gases comprising at least monosilane and hydrogen, with the addition of disilane and germanium, including: adjusting pressure values between 133 Pa to 1333 Pa, preferably 266 Pa of said chamber, supplying a high radio frequency of 13.56 MHz to 70 MHz for plasma ignition between upper and bottom electrodes of said chamber, creating an electrical discharge between both electrodes of said chamber, due to the applied high frequency power;- c) applying a trigger power of high frequency plasma having a discharge power density of 400W/m^(2) to 2020 W/m^(2) to said electrodes for a short time of 1 to 15 seconds to ignite the plasma; and- d) applying a lower power of high frequency plasma having a discharge power density of 40W/m^(2) to 405W/m^(2) to said electrodes for a good plasma cloud formation and thin film deposition.


Patent
Air Liquide | Date: 2017-02-08

The present application discloses a method for increased filtration efficiency. The method now disclosed describes the use of a static or dynamic mixer to react pure CO_(2) or mixtures of CO_(2), either in gas or liquid or solid form, with the incoming fluid to be filtered. This method for increased filtration efficiency can be applied for example in water treatment plants and food industry and any industrial activity that requires increased filtration efficiency.


A wound covering is described which comprises a) a transparent film and b) applied to the film, a transparent hydrogel which comprises octenidine dihydrochloride a thickener and polyol. The wound covering is suitable in particular for use in the antisepsis of catheter insertion points. The active ingredient octenidine dihydrochloride is released from the hydrogel quickly, but in a long-lasting manner.


Method of forming an amorphous-silicon single layer to be applied in single, multi or tandem junction thin film solar cells, the method comprising at least the steps of:- a) setting a substrate on a substrate holder inside a reactor chamber between an upper high frequency electrode and a bottom high frequency electrode, where the substrate is under high frequency power and differential of potential or voltage bias between both electrodes, where inter electrode distance is between 5mm to 50mm, preferably 11 mm;- b) entering reaction gases comprising at least monosilane and hydrogen, with the addition of disilane, including: adjusting pressure values between 133 Pa to 1333 Pa, preferably 266 Pa of said chamber, supplying a high radio frequency of 13.56 MHz to 70 MHz for plasma ignition between upper and bottom electrodes of said chamber, creating an electrical discharge between both electrodes of said chamber, due to the applied high frequency power;- c) applying a trigger power of high frequency plasma having a discharge power density of 400W/m^(2) to 2020 W/m^(2) to said electrodes for a short time of 1 to 15 seconds to ignite the plasma; and- d) applying a lower power of high frequency plasma having a discharge power density of 40W/m^(2) to 405W/m^(2) to said electrodes for a good plasma cloud formation and thin film deposition.


Patent
Air Liquide and Faber Industrie S.p.A. | Date: 2017-03-08

The object of the invention is about a gas cylinder (1) for gas under pressure comprising a cylindrical body (2) comprising a first end (3) which is opened and configured to be equipped with a valve and a manifold (102) and a second end (4), positioned at the opposite of the first end (3), the second end (4) being closed, characterized in that the second end (4) is a blocking and indexing member of the gas cylinder, when the said gas cylinder (1) is in a storing position in a frame (101).


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: FCH2-IA | Phase: FCH-03.1-2015 | Award Amount: 106.22M | Year: 2016

Hydrogen Mobility Europe 2 (H2ME 2) brings together action in 8 European countries to address the innovations required to make the hydrogen mobility sector truly ready for market. The project will perform a large-scale market test of hydrogen refuelling infrastructure, passenger and commercial fuel cell electric vehicles operated in real-world customer applications and demonstrate the system benefits generated by using electrolytic hydrogen solutions in grid operations. H2ME 2 will increase the participation of European manufacturers into the hydrogen sector, and demonstrate new vehicles across a range of platforms, with increased choice: new cars (Honda, and Daimler), new vans (range extended vehicles from Renault/Symbio and Renault/Nissan/Intelligent Energy) and a new medium sized urban delivery truck (Renault Trucks/Symbio). H2ME 2 develops an attractive proposition around range extended vehicles and supports a major roll-out of 1,000 of these vehicles to customers in France, Germany, Scandinavia and the UK. 1,230 new hydrogen fuelled vehicles will be deployed in total, trebling the existing fuel cell fleet in Europe. H2ME 2 will establish the conditions under which electrolytic refuelling stations can play a beneficial role in the energy system, and demonstrate the acquisition of real revenues from provision of energy services for aggregated electrolyser-HRS systems at a MW scale in both the UK and France. This has the further implication of demonstrating viable opportunities for reducing the cost of hydrogen at the nozzle by providing valuable energy services without disrupting refuelling operations. H2ME 2 will test 20 new HRS rigorously at high level of utilisation using the large vehicle deployment. The loading of stations by the end of the project is expected to average 20% of their daily fuelling capacity, with some stations exceeding 50% or more. This will test the HRS to a much greater extent than has been the case in previous projects.


The CryoHub innovation project will investigate and extend the potential of large-scale Cryogenic Energy Storage (CES) and will apply the stored energy for both cooling and energy generation. By employing Renewable Energy Sources (RES) to liquefy and store cryogens, CryoHub will balance the power grid, while meeting the cooling demand of a refrigerated food warehouse and recovering the waste heat from its equipment and components. The intermittent supply is a major obstacle to the RES power market. In reality, RES are fickle forces, prone to over-producing when demand is low and failing to meet requirements when demand peaks. Europe is about to generate 20% of its required energy from RES by 2020, so that the proper RES integration poses continent-wide challenges. The Cryogenic Energy Storage (CES), and particularly the Liquid Air Energy Storage (LAES), is a promising technology enabling on-site storage of RES energy during periods of high generation and its use at peak grid demand. Thus, CES acts as Grid Energy Storage (GES), where cryogen is boiled to drive a turbine and to restore electricity to the grid. To date, CES applications have been rather limited by the poor round trip efficiency (ratio between energies spent for and retrieved from energy storage) due to unrecovered energy losses. The CryoHub project is therefore designed to maximise the CES efficiency by recovering energy from cooling and heating in a perfect RES-driven cycle of cryogen liquefaction, storage, distribution and efficient use. Refrigerated warehouses for chilled and frozen food commodities are large electricity consumers, possess powerful installed capacities for cooling and heating and waste substantial amounts of heat. Such facilities provide the ideal industrial environment to advance and demonstrate the LAES benefits. CryoHub will thus resolve most of the above-mentioned problems at one go, thereby paving the way for broader market prospects for CES-based technologies across Europe.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: FCH2-IA | Phase: FCH-01.7-2014 | Award Amount: 71.90M | Year: 2015

Hydrogen Mobility Europe (H2ME) brings together Europes 4 most ambitious national initiatives on hydrogen mobility (Germany, Scandinavia, France and the UK). The project will expand their developing networks of HRS and the fleets of fuel cell vehicles (FCEVs) operating on Europes roads, to significantly expand the activities in each country and start the creation of a pan-European hydrogen fuelling station network. In creating a project of this scale, the FCH JU will create not only a physical but also a strategic link between the regions that are leading in the deployment of hydrogen. The project will also include observer countries (Austria, Belgium and the Netherlands), who will use the learnings from this project to develop their own hydrogen mobility strategies. The project is the most ambitious coordinated hydrogen deployment project attempted in Europe. The scale of this deployment will allow the consortium to: Trial a large fleet of FCEVs in diverse applications across Europe - 200 OEM FCEVs (Daimler and Hyundai) and 125 fuel cell range-extended vans (Symbio FCell collaborating with Renault) will be deployed Deploy 29 state of the art refuelling stations, using technology from the full breadth of Europes hydrogen refuelling station providers. The scale will ensure that stations will be lower cost than in previous projects and the breadth will ensure that Europes hydrogen station developers advance together Conduct a real world test of 4 national hydrogen mobility strategies and share learnings to support other countries strategy development Analyse the customer attitude to the FCEV proposition, with a focus on attitudes to the fuelling station networks as they evolve in each country Assess the performance of the refuelling stations and vehicles in order to provide data of a sufficient resolution to allow policy-makers, early adopters and the hydrogen mobility industry to validate the readiness of the technology for full commercial roll-out.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 688.50K | Year: 2017

PROMECA strategic objective is to substantially contribute to the increase of knowledge, skills, and competitiveness in the European research area and industry, through the design and deployment of a thorough plan of research and secondment of researchers between top-level EU academia and industrial partners, contributing to the main European Policies on innovation. In line with the MSCA-RISE general objectives, the project will: Support career development and training of 44 researchers through international and inter-sectoral mobility among 3 academia and 3 industrial partners in 4 European countries; Promote sharing of knowledge and ideas from research to the market (and vice versa) in a systematic way, through the participation of researchers to 3 focused research groups where scientific and industrial mix of competences are ensured, and the organization of 8 project meetings, where research findings will be assessed and validated among groups. Carry out a thorough training of researchers in 6 dedicated workshops, each with a different focus, also adding key entrepreneurial skills and innovation management. As an ultimate R&D goal, PROMECA will develop, test, and validate an innovative membrane reactor integrating new structured catalysts and selective membranes to improve the overall performance, durability, cost effectiveness, and sustainability over different industrially interesting processes, with distributed hydrogen production as the main focus of the project. The project will bring substantial impacts in terms of skills and knowledge development of the researchers, as well as higher R&I output, contributing to convert more ideas into products. Organizations involved will strongly boost their capacity to carry out R&I activities in multidisciplinary and inter-sectorial collaborations. Finally, the project will enhance the innovation potential and competitiveness of the EU industry, reinforcing its world leadership as a true knowledge-driven industry


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CP-FCH | Phase: SP1-JTI-FCH.2013.1.1 | Award Amount: 41.89M | Year: 2015

The 3EMOTION project will provide policymakers and financing institutions with the necessary arguments to invest in Fuel Cell Buses (FCB) as a cost effective strategy to accelerate the reduction of harmful local emissions while offering attractive co-modality options for commuters. By leveraging the experiences of earlier FCB demonstrations in overcoming the last technical and economic barriers, as well as significantly increasing the number of bus operators involved with FCBs, the project will support the achievements anticipated in the upcoming FCH-JU Bus Commercialisation Study, 2014. More specifically, the project will: Lower H2 consumption for FCBs to less than 9kg/100km (a 30% improvement over the FCH JU targets) Integrate latest drive train, fuel cells & battery technologies to lower the TCO and increase their actual lifetime Ensure Availability >90% without the need of permanent technical support, a major advance compared to that achieved under current FCH-JU projects Increase warranties (>15,000 hours) and improved delivery times of key components Reduce bus investment costs to 850K for a 13m bus (a reduction of 35% over the current generation of vehicles) A pan-European consortium of public & private actors will achieve these challenging targets and objectives by: Operating 27 FCB in 5 leading EU cities: London, Rome, Flanders, Rotterdam, Cherbourg (6 already existing) Developing 3 new Hydrogen Refuelling Station (HRS) Conducting an evaluation assessment of the use of FCB & HRS (environment, economic, social) using the existing MAF Identifying the transferability model for accelerating the commercialisation of FCBs in the EU by comparing their latest performances with conventional/alternative technologies Consolidating and extending the network of H2 Bus Centres of Excellence to the project sites, in collaboration with the H2 Bus Alliance Global H2 Bus Platform and UITP.

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