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Wu X.,Beijing Normal University | Zheng R.,Beijing Normal University | Izmailian N.,Coventry University | Izmailian N.,Ai Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory | Guo W.,Beijing Normal University
Journal of Statistical Physics | Year: 2014

The bond-propagation algorithm for the specific heat of the two dimensional Ising model is developed and that for the internal energy is completed. Using these algorithms, we study the critical internal energy and specific heat of the model on the square lattice and triangular lattice with free boundaries. Comparing with previous works (Phys Rev E 86:041149, 2012; Phys Rev E 87:022124, 2013), we reach much higher accuracy (10-28) of the internal energy and specific heat, compared to the accuracy 10-11 of the internal energy and 10-9 of the specific heat reached in the previous works. This leads to much more accurate estimations of the edge and corner terms. The exact values of all edge and corner terms are therefore conjectured. The accurate forms of finite-size scaling for the internal energy and specific heat are determined for the rectangle-shaped square lattice with various aspect ratios and various shaped triangular lattice. For the rectangle-shaped square and triangular lattices and the triangle-shaped triangular lattice, there is no logarithmic correction terms of order higher than 1/S, with S the area of the system. For the triangular lattice in rhombus, trapezoid and hexagonal shapes, there exist logarithmic correction terms of order higher than 1/S for the internal energy, and logarithmic correction terms of all orders for the specific heat. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Wu X.,Beijing Normal University | Izmailyan N.,Coventry University | Izmailyan N.,Ai Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2015

The critical two-dimensional Ising model is studied with four types boundary conditions: free, fixed ferromagnetic, fixed antiferromagnetic, and fixed double antiferromagnetic. Using bond propagation algorithms with surface fields, we obtain the free energy, internal energy, and specific heat numerically on square lattices with a square shape and various combinations of the four types of boundary conditions. The calculations are carried out on the square lattices with size N×N and 30


Izmailian N.S.,Beijing Normal University | Izmailian N.S.,AI Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical | Year: 2012

We analyze the exact partition function of the anisotropic Ising model on finite M × N rectangular lattices under four different boundary conditions (periodic-periodic (pp), periodic-antiperiodic (pa), antiperiodic-periodic (ap) and antiperiodic-antiperiodic (aa)) obtained by Kaufman (1949 Phys. Rev. 76 1232), Wu and Hu (2002 J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 35 5189) and Kastening (2002 Phys. Rev. E 66 057103)). We express the partition functions in terms of the partition functions Zα, β(J, k) with (α, β) = (0, 0), (1/2, 0), (0, 1/2) and (1/2, 1/2), J is an interaction coupling and k is an anisotropy parameter. Based on such expressions, we then extend the algorithm of Ivashkevich et al (2002 J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 35 5543) to derive the exact asymptotic expansion of the logarithm of the partition function for all boundary conditions mentioned above. Our result is f = fbulk + ∑ ∞p = 0fp(, k)S -p - 1, where f is the free energy of the system, fbulk is the free energy of the bulk, S = MN is the area of the lattice and = M/N is the aspect ratio. All coefficients in this expansion are expressed through analytical functions. We have introduced the effective aspect ratio eff = /sinh 2Jc and show that for pp and aa boundary conditions all finite size correction terms are invariant under the transformation eff → 1/eff. This article is part of 'Lattice models and integrability', a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical in honour of F Y Wu's 80th birthday. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd.


Karyan G.,Ai Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory
Physics of Particles and Nuclei | Year: 2014

The HERMES collaboration has measured charge-separated pion and kaon multiplicities in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering using a 27.6 GeV electron or positron beam scattering off a hydrogen or deuterium target. The results are presented as a function of the Bjorken variable xB, the negative squared four-momentum transfer Q 2, the hadron fractional energy z and it's transverse momentum Ph ⊥. These data will be very useful to understand the quark-fragmentation process in deep-inelastic hadron electro-production and will serve as crucial input in the understanding of spin asymmetries in polarized semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering. © 2014 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Karyan G.,Ai Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory
20th International Workshop on Deep-Inelastic Scattering and Related Subjects, DIS 2012 | Year: 2012

Hadron multiplicity ratios in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering have been measured on neon, krypton and xenon targets relative to deuterium using 27.6 GeV positron or electron beam at the HERMES experiment. They are presented for pions (π+, π-), kaons (K+, K -), protons and anti-protons as a function of the virtual photon energy ν, its virtuality Q2, the fractional hadron energy z and the transverse component of hadron momentum pt with respect to the direction of the virtual photon. Dependences are presented in a two-dimensional representation, i.e. in the form of detailed binning over one variable and three slices over the other variable. These results may help to understand some aspects of hadronization process.


Rojas O.,Federal University of Lavras | Rojas M.,Federal University of Lavras | Ananikian N.S.,Ai Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory | De Souza S.M.,Federal University of Lavras
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2012

Most quantum entanglement investigations are focused on two qubits or some finite (small) chain structure, since the infinite chain structure is a considerably cumbersome task. Therefore, the quantum entanglement properties involving an infinite chain structure is quite important, not only because the mathematical calculation is cumbersome but also because real materials are well represented by an infinite chain. Thus, in this paper we consider an entangled diamond chain with Ising and anisotropic Heisenberg (Ising-XXZ) coupling. Two interstitial particles are coupled through Heisenberg coupling or simply two-qubit Heisenberg, which could be responsible for the emergence of entanglement. These two-qubit Heisenberg operators are interacted with two nodal Ising spins. An infinite diamond chain is organized by interstitial- interstitial and nodal-interstitial (dimer-monomer) site couplings. We are able to get the thermal average of the two-qubit operator, called the reduced two-qubit density operator. Since these density operators are spatially separated, we could obtain the concurrence (entanglement) directly in the thermodynamic limit. The thermal entanglement (concurrence) is constructed for different values of the anisotropic Heisenberg parameter, magnetic field, and temperature. We also observed the threshold temperature via the parameter of anisotropy, Heisenberg and Ising interaction, external magnetic field, and temperature. © 2012 American Physical Society.


Melikian R.,Ai Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory
Laser and Particle Beams | Year: 2014

We consider the acceleration of electrons in vacuum by means of the circularly-polirized electromagnetic wave, propagating along a magnetic field. We show that the electron energy growth, when using ultra-short and ultra-intense laser pulses (1 ps, 1018 W/cm2, CO 2 laser) in the presence of a magnetic field, may reach up to the value 2,1 GeV. The growth of the electron energy is shown to increase proportionally with the increase of the laser intensity and the initial energy of the electron. We find that for some direction of polarization of the wave, the acceleration of electrons does not depend on the initial phase of the electromagnetic wave. We estimate the laser intensity, necessary for the electron acceleration. In addition, we find the formation length of photon absorption by electrons, due to which one may choose the required region of the interaction of the electrons with the electromagnetic wave and magnetic field. We also show that as a result of acceleration of electrons in the vacuum by laser radiation in a magnetic field one may obtain electron beam with small energy spread of the order δ/ ≤10-2. © 2014 Cambridge University Press.


Ananikian N.,Ai Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory | Ananikian N.,Coventry University | Hovhannisyan V.,Ai Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications | Year: 2013

The exactly solvable spin-12 Ising-Heisenberg model on a diamond chain has been considered. We have found the exact results for the magnetization using the recursion relation method. The existence of the magnetization plateau has been observed at one third of the saturation magnetization in the antiferromagnetic case. Some ground-state properties of the model are examined. At low temperatures, the system has two ferrimagnetic (FRI1 and FRI2) phases and one paramagnetic (PRM) phase. Lyapunov exponents for the various values of the exchange parameters and temperatures have been analyzed. It has also been shown that the maximal Lyapunov exponent exhibits plateau. Lyapunov exponents exhibit different behavior for two ferrimagnetic phases. We have found the existence of the supercritical point for the multi-dimensional rational mapping of the spin-12 Ising-Heisenberg model on a diamond chain for the first time in the absence of the external magnetic field and T→0 in the antiferromagnetic case. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Ananikian N.S.,Ai Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory | Ananikian N.S.,Coventry University | Hovhannisyan V.V.,Ai Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory | Kenna R.,Coventry University
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications | Year: 2014

The partition function zeros of the antiferromagnetic spin-12 Ising-Heisenberg model on a diamond chain are studied using the transfer matrix method. Analytical equations for the distributions of Yang-Lee and Fisher zeros are derived. The Yang-Lee zeros are located on an arc of the unit circle and on the negative real axis in the complex magnetic-fugacity plane. In the limit T→0 the distribution pinches the positive real axis, precipitating a phase transition. Fisher zeros manifest more complicated distributions, depending on the values of the exchange parameters and external field. Densities of both categories of zeros are also studied. The distributions of Fisher zeros are investigated for different values of model parameters. The Yang-Lee and Fisher edge singularity exponents are shown to be identical. They are universal in nature and are calculated to be σ=-12. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Ananikian N.,Ai Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory | Ananikian N.,Federal University of Lavras | Lazaryan H.,Ai Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory | Nalbandyan M.,Ai Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory
European Physical Journal B | Year: 2012

We present the results of magnetic properties and entanglement of the distorted diamond chain model for azurite using pure quantum exchange interactions. The magnetic properties and concurrence as a measure of pairwise thermal entanglement have been studied by means of variational mean-field like treatment based on Gibbs-Bogoliubov inequality. Such a system can be considered as an approximation of the natural material azurite, Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2. For values of exchange parameters, which are taken from experimental results, we study the thermodynamic properties, such as azurite specific heat and magnetic susceptibility. We also have studied the thermal entanglement properties and magnetization plateau of the distorted diamond chain model for azurite. © EDP Sciences, Societá Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2012.

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