Ahvaz, Iran

Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical science is a medical school in Khuzestan Province of Iran.Located in southwestern Iran in the city of Ahvaz, the university was established as a College of Medicine administered by the Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz in 1955, which itself was a revived reincarnation of the ancient Academy of Gundishapur that existed in the same area in antiquity. The university separated and fell under the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran in 1986.The university has 3 campuses in Ahvaz, Behbahan, and Abadan, and is constituted of 9 Schools, offering doctorate degrees in science and medicine in 27 fields.The university administers 8 public hospitals in the city of Ahvaz, and 20 other hospitals in the surrounding areas, as well as dozens of clinics scattered in the province. Wikipedia.

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Amani R.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences | Gill T.,University of Sydney
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2013

Background: Shiftworking has long been unrecognised as an occupational health hazard up until now. Methods: Electronic databases were searched using OVID host as the main search engine for Medline, PUBMED and CINHAL during the years 1990-December 2010. Combinations of the keywords yielded 35 full papers and abstracts, of which 16 articles were relevant. One paper was not in English, leaving 15 included in this review after final reconsideration. Studies were categorised into two main titles: studies assessing the association between shift working and obesity and/or BMI (n=8) and studies assessing the association between shift working and nutritional/ dietary patterns (n=7). Type of study was also considered as a part of the search strategy. Results: In total, one interventional, nine cross-sectional and five cohort studies were retrieved. Seven cross-sectional studies and one cohort study showed a higher BMI/obesity prevalence in shiftworks. Interventional, one cross-sectional and three cohort studies showed higher frequency of meal intake or poor nutrition quality/habits in the shift workers compared with the day-shift workers. Another cross-sectional study showed no difference between workers. Conclusion: In terms of obesity or high BMI, majority of cross-sectional studies indicate that shiftwork increases weight gain and the prevalence of obesity. On the other hand, half of cohort studies show higher frequency of meal intake and/or poor nutrition quality in the shift workers. Generally, it is indicated that shift working negatively impacts on health and nutritional status of workforces.

News Article | November 28, 2015
Site: www.nanotech-now.com

Home > Press > Iranian Scientists Discover New Catalyst to Remove Pharmaceutical Compounds from Wastewater Abstract: Iranian researchers from Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences produced the laboratorial sample of a nanocatalyst with high efficiency in the elimination of pharmaceutical compounds from wastewater. The nanocatalyst is easily separated from the solution due to its magnetic properties and it can be reused. The presence of pharmaceutical compounds, specially antibiotics, in water is usually a ratio of wastes caused by pharmaceutical industries, personal care products and medications used in hospitals and clinics. The majority of treatment units to refine wastewater are able to eliminate about 60-90% of antibiotics, and the rest directly diffuses into water. Therefore, it is necessary to apply more effective and efficient methods to eliminate the pollutants. The aim of the research was to synthesize a magnetic catalyst to remove tetracycline from aqueous environment. Efforts were also made to select a method by using nanotechnology to decrease the costs and avoid the problems in the separation of catalyst used during the purification process through filtration and centrifugal methods. The synthesized catalyst (active carbon powder/magnetite (PAC/Fe3O4 MNPs)) enjoys highly good capabilities to remove tetracycline. Therefore, it can be used as an effective catalyst to decompose and oxidize pollutants in case it is being mass-produced. In addition, the reaction cost will be reduced due to high efficiency of magnetic catalyst and the ability to be reused and separated quickly. Results showed that high amount of tetracycline and acceptable percentage of all organic carbon existing in the samples was removed due to the process under optimum conditions after four times of catalyst application. Results of the research have been published in RSC Advances, vol. 5, issue 103, 2015, pp. 84718-84727. For more information, please click If you have a comment, please us. Issuers of news releases, not 7th Wave, Inc. or Nanotechnology Now, are solely responsible for the accuracy of the content.

Saadati N.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Global journal of health science | Year: 2013

Menopause is the stage of time in which the menstruation stops following the loss of ovarian activity. The purpose of this study was to find out the effectiveness of gabapentin on hot flashes in postmenopausal women. A randomized controlled trial from Feb 2010 to 2011 was conducted. Sixty postmenopausal women who were referred to obstetrics and gynecology ward of two educational hospitals were recruited and divided into two groups (intervention and control). Intervention group received 300 mg gabapentin three times a day for three months, while control group received placebo. The Intensity and duration of hot flashes in women scored and recorded using visual analog scale. Independent, Paired t-test and chi-square test were used for analyzing data. Intensity of hot flashes in the beginning of research in the intervention group was significantly different with the first, second and third follow-up visit (P<0.05). Also at the end of intervention a significant difference between intervention and control groups were observed regarding the intensity, frequency and duration of hot flashes (P<0.05 and P=0.01 respectively). According to the findings of this study; it appears that the use of gabapentin could decrease the intensity, duration and frequency of hot flashes in postmenopausal women. For postmenopausal women who hormone therapy is contraindicated, gabapentine could be an acceptable alternative.

Tuberculosis is a public health problem worldwide, and new easy to perform diagnostic methods with high accuracy are necessary for optimal control of the disease. Recently, fluorescent silica nanoparticles (FSNP) has attracted immense interest for the detection of pathogenic microorganisms. The aim of this study was to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis in clinical samples using bioconjugated FSNP compared with microscopic examination, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), nested PCR, and culture as the gold standard. In total, 152 sputum specimens were obtained from patients who were suspected to have pulmonary tuberculosis. All samples were examined by the four techniques described. The assay showed 97.1% sensitivity (95% confidence interval [CI] 91-99.2) and 91.35% specificity (CI 78.3-97.1). Furthermore, assays using variable bacterial concentrations indicated that 100 colony forming units/mL of M. tuberculosis could be detected. There were no differences between the results obtained from two types of mouse monoclonal antibody against Hsp-65 and 16 KDa antigens. We performed this assay in a large number of clinical samples to confirm the diagnostic specificity and sensitivity of the test and can recommend its application for diagnosis of M. tuberculosis. We believe that this method is more convenient for routine diagnosis of M. tuberculosis in sputum and will be more easily applicable in the field, and with sufficient sensitivity.

Nikakhlagh S.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to evaluate the management of antrochoanal polys (ACPs) with functional endoscopic sinus surgery and review literatures. We retrospectively studied the clinical presentations and operative records of 94 patients with ACPs treated surgically in the period of September 1999 to March 2008 (about 9 years). Age, gender, side, Clinical symptoms, duration of follow up, associated rhinological findings, forms of surgical treatment, postoperative complications and recurrence rate were reviewed. Total records of 94 patients [mean (+/- SD age of 26.5 +/- 12.8 years, 55 males (58.5%) and 39 females (41.5%)] were studied. Postoperative follow-up duration ranged from 8 to 68 months. The most common clinical symptom was nasal obstruction (100%) and Rhinorrhoea (57.4%). The origins and sites of the pedicle in the maxillary sinus were mostly present in medial wall in 32 patients. Recurrence rate in our study was of 5.3% (5 cases) after 10 months postoperatively. For the revision surgery, endoscopic resection was combined with Caldwell-Luc procedure. The antrochoanal polyp happens predominantly in children and young adults of both male and female patients. Endoscopic sinus surgery is an effective, safe and reliable method with major advantage for the treatment of antrochoanal polyps.

Behbahani A.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences | Year: 2012

The control of mosquito borne diseases needs new methods given widespread insecticide resistance in many mosquito species. The inherited endosymbiont Wolbachia, found in many arthropods, provides a biological system to reduce the transmission of these diseases and replace the population of vectors with non-vectors using cytoplasmic incompatibility. The aim of this study was to understand the rate of Wolbachia infection among Culex species in the region and to see the effect of Wolbachia infection on mitochondrial genome. In this study three species of Culex mosquitoes were collected from Shoushtar in south west of Iran and examined for Wolbachia infection by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). All of the C. quinquefasciatus specimens were infected with Wolbachia, while C. tritaeniorynchus and C. theileri showed no infection with Wolbachia. The 340 bp of AT rich of mtDNA was sequenced from 30 individuals, 10 individuals of each species. Three sequence haplotypes were found in C. tritaeniorynchus and C. theileri while there was only one haplotype in C. quinquefasciatus. The reduction of haplotypes diversity may be result of a sweep of Wolbachia in this species. © 2012 Asian Network for Scientific Information.

Rostami H.R.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences | Malamiri R.A.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Disability and Rehabilitation | Year: 2012

Purpose: To determine the effects of treatment environment (home and clinic) on results of modified constraint-induced movement therapy (modified CIMT) in children with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Method: In a single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial, 14 children with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy (5 females, 9 males; mean age: 74 months) received 15 hours of modified CIMT, occurring three times/week for 10 sessions every other day in two randomly assigned groups. Each session lasts one and half hours. Treatment environment for intervention group (n=7) was home and for control group (n=7) was clinic. Measures were conducted pre, post and 3 months after treatment period by pediatrics motor activity log and subtests 5 (upper limb coordination) and 8 (upper limb speed and dexterity) of BruininksOseretsky test of motor proficiency. Sample randomization and data analysis by analysis of variance with repeated measures were conducted by SPSS-16 software in α level set at p<0.05. Results: All subjects showed significant improvement (p<0.01) in post-test measures except subtest 5 of BruininksOseretsky test of motor proficiency. In contrast to clinic group, subjects in home showed significantly continued improvement at follow-up session in all measures. Conclusions: Modified CIMT is effective in improving upper limb function in children with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy. In addition, more improved performance in home group places the practice in natural context as the preferred method for treatment of these children. Implications for Rehabilitation In hemiplegic cerebral palsy, one side of the body is more affected, which is a consequence of non-progressive impairments in the brain. Constraint-induced movement therapy tries to improve upper limb function of hemiparetic children by restraint of the less-affected hand and intensive training of the more-affected hand. This study shows more improvement of hand function through implementing constraint-induced movement therapy in home than clinic. In a randomized, controlled trial, our study shows the positive effects of practice in natural environments compared to simulated environments such as clinic. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.

BACKGROUND: Pain after knee surgery, if not relieved, it would lead to a more severe and prolonged pain that can delay the patients recovery and rehabilitation. The effect of pain relief by some drugs after intra-articular injection has been shown. This study compared the effect of intra-articular injection of opioids (morphine, pethidine, methadone, and tramadol) on postoperative relieving pain after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: 150 candidate patients for knee arthroscopic ACL reconstruction were randomly enrolled into five groups. At the end of the procedure, all patients in each group received a joint injection solution including 9.5 millimeters bupivacaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine. The remaining 0.5 milliliters of syringe capacity was filled with one of the five solutions listed below: methadone group I: 5 mg methadone, morphine group II: 5 mg morphine, pethidine group III: 37.5 mg pethidine, tramadol group IV: 100 mg Tramadol, and control group V: 0.5 ml normal saline. Afterwards, any drug further administered to the patients based on need was recorded, and the morphine equivalent for all drugs was calculated. Patients need to narcotic drugs during the first twelve hours of hospitalization and pain scores were recorded. After data gathering, they were analyzed by SPSS 16 software with chi-Square, Kruskal-Wallis and ANOVA statistical tests. RESULTS: The highest and the lowest significant pain intensity were seen in placebo and morphine groups, respectively, in the first, second and third 4 hours after surgery. There were significant differences among the groups for need to analgesics. In other words, placebo group needed the highest dosage of analgesics and morphine and methadone groups needed the lowest dosage of analgesics. Morphine and methadone groups had maximum and minimum response to pain, respectively, in the first, second and third 4 hours after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Administering 5 mg intra-articular morphine after arthroscopic ACL reconstruction is a valuable choice and is recommended to be added to other local anesthetics administrated drugs after this procedure.

Payandeh A.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Global journal of health science | Year: 2013

Malnutrition in preschool children is a significant problem and has been identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the most lethal form of malnutrition, indirectly or directly causes an annual death of at least 5 million children worldwide. The object of this study was to estimated the rate of underweight, stunting and wasting among preschool children in northeast of Iran. A cross sectional population based study was conducted and 70339 children; 35792 males and 34547 females were recruited. The primary outcome variables were; weight, height, age and gender of the children. The sex and age specific rate and overall rate of underweight, stunting, and wasting were calculated. The rate of underweight, stunting, and wasting were 7.5%, 12.5% and 4.4% respectively. There were significant differences in stunting and wasting rate between boys and girls. The overall rate of stunting was significantly higher than the overall rates of underweight and wasting. The rate of malnutrition increased with child's age. In compare to WHO criteria, the rate of malnutrition among this study population was low. According to the higher rate of stunting, the main goal of future research and interventions must be finding the causes of deficiency in height growth and improving it.

Malehi A.S.,Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2014

Background: The objective of this study was to determine a diagnostic classification scheme using a decision tree based model. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted as a retrospective case-control study in Imam Khomeini hospital in Tehran during 2001 to 2009. Data, including demographic and clinical-pathological characteristics, were uniformly collected from 624 females, 312 of them were referred with positive diagnosis of breast cancer (cases) and 312 healthy women (controls). The decision tree was implemented to develop a diagnostic classification scheme using CART 6.0 Software. The AUC (area under curve), was measured as the overall performance of diagnostic classification of the decision tree. Results: Five variables as main risk factors of breast cancer and six subgroups as high risk were identified. The results indicated that increasing age, low age at menarche, single and divorced statues, irregular menarche pattern and family history of breast cancer are the important diagnostic factors in Iranian breast cancer patients. The sensitivity and specificity of the analysis were 66% and 86.9% respectively. The high AUC (0.82) also showed an excellent classification and diagnostic performance of the model. Conclusions: Decision tree based model appears to be suitable for identifying risk factors and high or low risk subgroups. It can also assists clinicians in making a decision, since it can identify underlying prognostic relationships and understanding the model is very explicit.

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