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Omdurman, Sudan

Ahfad University for Women is a private women's university in Omdurman, Sudan. that was founded in 1966. Wikipedia.

Georget D.M.R.,University of East Anglia | Elkhalifa A.E.O.,Ahfad University for Women | Peter S.B.,University of East Anglia
Journal of Cereal Science | Year: 2012

Kafirin proteins were extracted from a Sudanese cultivar of sorghum (Feterita). The extracted materials were characterized by SDS PAGE. Under non-reducing conditions as germination was progressing from 0 to 72h, there was visually a decrease in β-kafirins whereas a small effect was observed on α-kafirins. The occurrence of interactions between tannins and kafirin might explain this behavior when compared to other cultivars. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) revealed that the first change in weight between room temperature and 100°C was due to the loss of water. The protein extract started to degrade thereafter with the decomposition rate increasing with germination time. Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) analysis showed that the secondary structure of kafirin was found to be mainly governed by α-helices with some β-sheets. Upon germination, there was a change in protein conformation, mainly an increase in α-helices. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) showed that after extraction, kafirin proteins formed aggregated particles. This study is the first to show in the case of Feterita cultivar that upon germination, the physical properties of the kafirin proteins were significantly affected and relied on composition. This could shed some light on the effect of processing such as germination on sorghum kafirin proteins originated from Feterita. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Makki E.K.,Ahfad University for Women
Tropical Animal Health and Production | Year: 2014

Little quantitative information is available on animal power in the Nile Valley in Sudan, despite that it is being used in the area for centuries and playing an important role in agriculture in the present day. A survey was conducted to assess draught oxenmanagement and its association with field capacity and efficiency at the farm level and to identify potential areas for intervention. A sample of 50 farmers was selected for this purpose using the systematic random sampling technique. The main management parameters discussed were animal health, feeding, housing, work strategy and care for yoke and plough. The results showed that most of the farmers poorly manage their animals, and this was reflected in low working speeds and field efficiencies. The main dimensions of poor management were in veterinary care (78 % did not take their animals to the veterinary centre), feeding (66 % feed their animals shortly before work) and care for yoke (80 % did not follow daily care measures for their yokes) and plough (74 % did not follow plough care measure before and after work). Low working speeds (0.90-2.0 km/h) were recorded by the majority of the farmers (64 %). The majority of the farmers (70 %) recorded field capacities between 0.06 and 0.10 ha/h, while all of them worked at high field efficiencies of >86 %. The only parameter that significantly affected field capacity was the yoke-related wounds (p =0.019). Extension advice and capacity building in husbandry and working practices were identified as principal entry points for intervention. © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013. Source

Elkhalifa A.E.O.,Saarland University | Elkhalifa A.E.O.,Ahfad University for Women | Bernhardt R.,Saarland University
Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2013

A Sudanese sorghum cultivar (Fetarita) was germinated for 3 days. Stability and clarity of sorghum pastes, freeze-thaw stability, gel consistency, and swelling power were measured every 24 h. There is no substantial difference in stability and clarity between flour samples from germinated and ungerminated sorghum, but a different behavior was observed between samples stored at room temperature and at 4 °C. Cooked paste derived from germinated sorghum flour presented higher syneresis than that derived from ungerminated sorghum flour over the first three cycles but when the cycle number increased, both flours showed zero syneresis value. For the gel consistency the flours derived from germinated sorghum produced thinnest gels. The neutral and acid gel consistency increased when the germination time increased. Germination had not much effect on the swelling power of sorghum flour. © 2011 Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India). Source

Abdalla F.M.,Ahfad University for Women | Omar M.A.,University of Leeds
Human Resources for Health | Year: 2016

Background: Medical diaspora options, including the engagement of expatriate physicians in development efforts within their home country, are being called for to reverse the effects of brain drain from developing countries. This paper presents the results of a study exploring the potential contributions for the Sudanese Medial Diaspora Options to the healthcare delivery system (HCDS) in Sudan, focusing on the options of temporal and permanent returns and the likely obstacles faced in their implementation. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using a mixed methods design including quantitative and qualitative approaches. For the quantitative approach, the study, which focused on the possible contribution of the diaspora to healthcare delivery in Sudan, was based on an online survey using random purposive and snowballing sampling techniques involving 153 Sudanese physicians working in Saudi Arabia and other Gulf States, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, and the United States of America. The qualitative approach involved in-depth interviews with returnee physicians and key informants in Sudan, focusing on the return experiences, the barriers for return, and the options to improve future contributions. Results: Despite contributions of the Sudanese medical diaspora being of a small scale considering the size of the phenomenon, as well as infrequent and not appropriately organized, their inputs to academia and the links built with overseas institutions and specialist clinical services were nevertheless remarkable. The main barrier to temporal return was inappropriate organization by the local counterparts, while those for permanent return of physicians were poor work environment, insufficient financial payment, unsecured accommodation, and offspring education. The study identified short-term return as a feasible option considering the country's current conditions. Proper coordination mechanisms for short-term returns and facilitation of permanent return through stakeholders' collaboration were proposed to improve diaspora contributions. Conclusions: The potentials of Sudanese medial diaspora contributions to the HCDS in Sudan are promising. Short-term contributions were observed as the best option for the current country situation. Creation of a coordinating body from within the healthcare sector in Sudan to effectively coordinate diaspora contributions is recommended. © 2016 Abdalla et al. Source

Badri A.,Maastricht University | Badri A.,Ahfad University for Women | Crutzen R.,Maastricht University | Van Den Borne H.W.,Maastricht University
BMC Public Health | Year: 2012

Background: With the deaths of hundreds of thousands and the displacement of up to three million Darfuris, the increasingly complex and on-going war in Darfur has warranted the need to investigate war-related severity and current mental health levels amongst its civilian population. The purpose of this study is to explore the association between war-related exposures and assess post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms amongst a sample of Darfuri female university students at Ahfad University for Women (AUW) in Omdurman city. Methods: An exploratory cross-sectional study among a representative sample of Darfuri female university students at AUW (N = 123) was conducted in February 2010. Using an adapted version of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ), war-related exposures and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were assessed. Means and standard deviations illustrated the experiential severity of war exposure dimensions and PTSD symptom sub-scales, while Pearson correlations tested for the strength of association between dimensions of war exposures and PTSD symptom sub-scales. Results: Approximately 42 % of the Darfuri participants reported being displaced and 54 % have experienced war-related traumatic exposures either as victims or as witnesses (M = 28, SD = 14.24, range 0 - 40 events). Also, there was a strong association between the experiential dimension of war-related trauma exposures and the full symptom of PTSD. Moreover, the refugee-specific self-perception of functioning sub-scale within the PTSD measurement scored a mean of 3.2 (SD = .56), well above the 2.0 cut-off. Conclusions: This study provides evidence for a relationship between traumatic war-related exposures and symptom rates of PTSD among AUW Darfuri female students. Findings are discussed in terms of AUW counseling service improvement. © 2012 Badri et al. Source

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