Rabello G.C.,Paulista University |
Rabello G.C.,Agroenergy Laboratory |
Pirota R.D.P.B.,Agroenergy Laboratory |
Pirota R.D.P.B.,Federal University of São Carlos |
And 3 more authors.
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation | Year: 2014
The biotransformation of lignocellulosic materials into biofuels and chemicals requires the simultaneous action of multiple enzymes. Since the cost of producing an efficient enzyme system maybe high, mixed cultures of microorganisms maybe an alternative to increase enzymatic production and consequently reduce costs. This study investigated the effects of different inoculum ratios and inoculation delays on the biosynthesis of cellulases and xylanases during co-cultivation of Aspergillus niger and Trichoderma reesei under solid-state fermentation (SSF). While the monoculture of T. reesei was more efficient for CMCase production than the co-cultivation of A. niger and T. reesei, a significant increase in β-glucosidase and xylanase production was achieved by co-cultivation of both species. The maximum CMCase activity of 153.91 IU/g was obtained with T. reesei after 48 h of cultivation, while the highest β-glucosidase activity of 119.71 IU/g (after 120 h) was obtained by co-cultivation of A. niger and T. reesei with a 3:1 inoculum ratio (A. niger: T. reesei). The greatest xylanase activity observed was 589.39 IU/g after 72 h of mixed culturing of A. niger and T. Reesei with a 1:1 inoculum ratio. This is the first study where the effects of inoculum ratio and inoculation delay in mixed culture of T. reesei and A. niger under SSF have been systematically assessed, and it indicates co-cultivation as a feasible alternative to increase enzymatic production. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.