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Uesugi R.,Japan National Agriculture and Food Research Organization | Sato Y.,Japan National Agriculture and Food Research Organization | Han B.-Y.,China Jiliang University | Huang Z.-D.,Zhejiang Citrus Research Institute | And 2 more authors.
Bulletin of Entomological Research | Year: 2016

The invasive orange spiny whitefly (OSW) Aleurocanthus spiniferus has extended its distribution to non-native areas since the early 20th century. In a similar manner, the invasive tea spiny whitefly (TSW) A. camelliae has been expanding over East Asia in recent decades. In this study, the genetic diversity of OSW and TSW and of their important parasitoid wasp Encarsia smithi was investigated in China and Japan to enable more efficient biological control policies. We detected two phylogenetic groups (haplogroups A1 and A2) in OSW and three phylogenetic groups (haplotypes B1 and B2, and haplogroup B3) in TSW in China; however, only a single haplotype was detected in each whitefly species in Japan. Based on historical records and molecular data, OSW was considered to be native to China whereas TSW has probably expanded to China from a more southern location in the last 50 years; China appears to be the source region for OSW and TSW invading Japan. In E. smithi, two phylogenetic groups were detected in Japan: haplotype I, associated with OSW, and haplogroup II mostly associated with TSW, except in two locations. These data support the hypothesis that E. smithi parasitizing TSW in Japan did not originate from the existent population parasitizing OSW but was newly imported into Japan following the invasion of its host. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2016 Source


Wada S.,Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology | Wada S.,Agro Kanesho Co. | Toyota K.,Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology | Takada A.,Kanagawa Agricultural Technology Center
Journal of Nematology | Year: 2011

The effects of the non-fumigant nematicide imicyafos on soil nematode community structure and damage to radish caused by Pratylenchus penetrans were evaluated in two field experiments in consecutive years (2007 and 2008). Nematode densities in soil at 0-10 cm (the depth of nematicide incorporation) and 10 - 30 cm were measured. The application of imicyafos had a significant impact on the density of P. penetrans at 0-10 cm but had no effect on free-living nematode density. PCR-DGGE analysis conducted using extracted nematodes showed that the nematode community structure 12 d after application in 2007 was altered by the application of imicyafos at the 0-10 cm depth, but not at 10-30 cm. No significant differences were observed in the diversity of the nematode community at harvest (89 and 91 d after application) between the control and imicyafos treatments in both depths and both years. In both years, the damage to radish caused by P. penetrans was markedly suppressed by the nematicide. Overall, the nematicide imicyafos decreased populations of P. penetrans in soil and thereby decreased damage to radish, while having little impact on the soil nematode community. © The Society of Nematologists 2011. Source


Yamauchi N.,Yamaguchi University | Yamauchi N.,Tottori University | Aiamla-Or S.,Tottori University | Eguchi K.,Yamaguchi University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science | Year: 2012

Free radical formation from flavonoids by peroxidase action and changes in flavonoid levels and peroxidase activity during storage were determined to clarify the involvement of naringin radical in chlorophyll (Chl) degradation in stored green Nagato-yuzukichi (Citrus nagato-yuzukichi hort. ex Y. Tanaka) fruit. Chl a was degraded by peroxidase-hydrogen peroxide system not in the presence of hesperidin but with naringin. However, radical formation of both naringin and hesperidin, which were the main flavonoids in the flavedo of Nagato-yuzukichi fruit, with peroxidase-mediated oxidation was found by electron spin resonance analysis. The naringin radical, which was formed by a radical forming reagent, potassium ferricyanide, was related to the formation of 13 2-hydroxychlorophyll (OHChl) with Chl a degradation, whereas the hesperidin radical hardly affected OHChl a formation. In addition, superoxide dismutase did not inhibit Chl a degradation by naringin radical formed by potassium ferricyanide. In Nagato-yuzukichi fruit, Chl-degrading peroxidase activity increased considerably during storage at 20°C, with a peak value on day 6 of storage in accordance with decrease in Chl content, after which it decreased. The contents of naringin and hesperidin, especially the former, decreased during storage at 20°C, but afterwards increased slightly. These findings suggest that the naringin radical formed by peroxidase could be partly involved in Chl degradation during storage in Nagato-yuzukichi fruit. © 2012. Source


Trademark
Agro Kanesho Co. | Date: 2013-10-03

Insecticides.


The present invention herein provides a 3-aminooxalylaminobenzamide derivative which is used as an insecticide or miticide. The 3-aminooxalylaminobenzamide derivative is one represented by the following general formula [1]: (R

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