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Tee L.H.,University of Selangor | Yang B.,CAS South China Botanical Garden | Nagendra K.P.,University of Selangor | Ramanan R.N.,University of Selangor | And 7 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

Dacryodes species are evergreen, perennial trees with fleshy fruits and belong to the family Buseraseae. Many Dacryodes species are underutilized but are widely applied in traditional folk medicine to treat malaria, fever and skin diseases. The nutritional compositions, phytochemicals and biological activities of Dacryodes edulis, Dacryodes rostrata, Dacryodes buettneri, Dacryodes klaineana and Dacryodes hexandra are presented. The edible fruits of D. edulis are rich in lipids, proteins, vitamins, fatty acids and amino acids. Its extracts (leaf, fruit and resin) exhibit antioxidant, anti-microbial, anti-carcinogenic and other bioactivities. D. rostrata fruit has significant nutrient content, and is rich in proteins, lipids and minerals. These fruits are also highly rich in polyphenols, anthocyanins and antioxidant activities. This comprehensive review will assist the reader in understanding the nutritional benefits of Dacryodes species and in identifying current research needs. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Kong K.W.,University Putra Malaysia | Chew L.Y.,University Putra Malaysia | Prasad K.N.,University Putra Malaysia | Lau C.Y.,Semongok Agriculture Research Center | And 3 more authors.
Food Research International | Year: 2011

The nutritional and antioxidant properties of peels, pulp and seeds of kembayau (Dacryodes rostrata) fruits were evaluated. Kembayau seeds and pulp were rich in fat, while peels had the highest ash contents. Potassium was the most prevalent mineral in peels (380.72-1112.00mg/100g). In kembayau fruits, total flavonoid content (1012.74-28,022.28mg rutin equivalent/100g) was higher than total phenolic and total monomeric anthocyanin contents. Kembayau seeds exhibited high flavonoid and phenolic contents compared to the contents in peels and pulp. Antioxidant capacities were also higher in seeds as typified by trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity assay (51.39-74.59mmol TE/100g), ferric reducing antioxidant power assay (530.05-556.98mmol Fe2+/100g) and by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl radical scavenging activity (92.18-92.19%) when compared to peels and pulp. Pulp and peels of kembayau fruit may be an important source of energy and minerals for human consumption, while seeds have a good potential as antioxidants. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

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