Agricultural University of Tirana
Kamez, Albania

The Agricultural University of Tirana is a public university located in Tirana, Albania. It offers education in agronomy, veterinary, forestry, ecology, agribusiness, and similar subjects.AUT was created in 1951. It was first called "High Institute of Agriculture" . It received its current name in 1991. AUT includes the following faculties: Faculty of Agriculture and Environment Faculty of Economy and Agribusiness Faculty of Forest science Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Faculty of Biotechnology Wikipedia.

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Pittella E.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Zanaj B.,Agricultural University of Tirana | Pisa S.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Cavagnaro M.,University of Rome La Sapienza
IEEE Sensors Journal | Year: 2017

In this paper, different signal processing techniques are used to evaluate the breath frequency of volunteers starting from signals measured by a body-worn ultra-wideband radar. The measurement setup is based on a time domain reflectometry technique, and comprises an ultra-wideband antenna in contact with the subject's thorax, and a vector network analyzer. The breath frequencies, obtained applying the different processing techniques on the signal reflected from the human thorax, are compared in terms of accuracy against measures acquired by a piezoelectric belt, which is a widely adopted commercial system for respiratory activity monitoring. Finally, the different techniques are compared with each other in terms of accuracy and execution time. © 2017 IEEE.

Hoxha I.,University of Medicine, Tirana | Malaj A.,University of Medicine, Tirana | Tako R.,Agricultural University of Tirana | Malaj L.,University of Medicine, Tirana
International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2015

Objective: To evaluate pharmacists’ tendency to dispense antibiotics without prescription. Methods: A random survey was conducted for this study. Statistical analyses were made with Open Epi. Research group personnel were instructed to ask the question "I need to get a package of amoxicillin", when posing as simulated patients in pharmacies. The main outcome of the study was considered percentages of approval of this request. Results: Out of 450 pharmacies visited in this survey. In 259 pharmacies tested the request for dispensing antibiotic without production was approved (80% of tested pharmacies, Confidence Levels 75.57%-84.26%). Generally some questions (like age or possible allergies) were asked from pharmacists before approving the request of dispensing the antibiotic without prescription. The results of the survey suggest that dispensing of antibiotics without prescription is very common in Albania. The research group personnel were generally asked for further information before approving the request. Conclusion: Different actions should be taken in the country to enhance compliance with regulation and protocols regarding dispensing antibiotics. These actions can be focused on regulatory enforcement and also in enhancement of awareness on antibiotic misuse and microbial resistance through public campaigns or targeted messages to professionals. © 2015, International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science. All right resurved.

Balliu A.,Agricultural University of Tirana | Sallaku G.,Agricultural University of Tirana
Horticultural Science | Year: 2017

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of exogenously applied auxin over the rootstock cuttings on root morphology parameters and stand establishment rate of salt-stressed cutting grafted cucumber seedlings. For that purpose, before grafting, the cut ends of the rootstocks were soaked for few seconds into auxin solution (indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) or indole-3-butyric acid (IBA))at different concentrations and afterwards were grafted by the root pruned splice grafting (RPSG) method. Ten days after grafting, the grafted seedlings were transplanted into individual pots where two different levels of salt-stress (0 and 50 mM) were established. Root morphology parameters, as well as dry matter of the root system and the whole plants were successively analysed to randomly selected plants. Exogenous auxins improved root morphology parameters and restored root growth under salinity conditions. The best results were obtained through the application of IBA, which promoted a better rootstock-scion relationship, presumably due to faster development of phloem and xylem tubes, and the promotion of a vigorous root system which increases plant's absorbing capabilities for water and nutrients under adverse soil conditions.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2013.1.2-02 | Award Amount: 6.57M | Year: 2014

Long term S&T objective: The project is aimed to sustainable use of Leguminous plants and soil resources in order to ensure European citizens with balanced and safe food, ensuring the high quality protein sources in their daily diet by increasing competitiveness and cultivation of legumes for food and feed. Short-term S&T objectives: 1. Evaluation of pea, faba bean and cowpea/black-eye-bean local genetic resources for the development of new varieties for food and feed and further use in breeding; 2. Development of new food and feed products from available European varieties of pea, faba bean and cowpea; 3. Selection of appropriate rhizobium strains and arbuscular mycorrhizae fungi to support nitrogen fixation and development of new, commercial inoculants; 4.Evaluation of influence of leguminous plants on the soil properties in sustainable, regionally specific cropping systems. Activities: WP1 Management and coordination; WP2 Broadening of genetic diversity in breeding trough evaluation of local genetic resources; WP3 Selection of appropriate rhizobium strains to support nitrogen fixation and development of inoculants; WP4 Nutritional value and innovative food and feed; WP5 Legume supported cropping system in sustainable agriculture; WP6 Management and valorization of the residual biomass; WP7 Publicity and dissemination. 19 partners from 10 EU Member States.

Pasho E.,CSIC - Pyrenean Institute of Ecology | Pasho E.,Agricultural University of Tirana | Camarero J.J.,CSIC - Pyrenean Institute of Ecology | de Luis M.,University of Zaragoza | Vicente-Serrano S.M.,CSIC - Pyrenean Institute of Ecology
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology | Year: 2011

In this study we analyzed the influence of general atmospheric circulation patterns and the frequency of weather types on the spatio-temporal variability of tree-ring growth in Pinus halepensis forests in eastern Spain. Three atmospheric circulation patterns affecting the western Mediterranean region were included in the study: the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the Western Mediterranean Oscillation (WeMO) and the Mediterranean Oscillation (MO). In addition, the particular circulation pattern affecting eastern Spain was quantified using the frequency of weather types. The variability of radial growth (width) of earlywood and latewood in P. halepensis was quantified at 19 sites using dendrochronological methods. Two distinct patterns, reflecting growth variability in the northern and southern areas involved in the study, were identified for both earlywood and latewood tree-ring series. The influence of atmospheric circulation modes on tree growth resembled the spatial patterns identified, as earlywood and latewood formation in northern sites was determined by the NAO variability, whereas the WeMO dominated growth at the southern sites. Winter, summer and autumn weather types also exerted a control over tree radial growth. We conclude that both atmospheric circulation indices and weather types exert significant control on the formation of earlywood and latewood, because of their influence on precipitation patterns. The findings also suggest that wet and mild conditions during winter and the following autumn enhance P. halepensis earlywood and latewood formation, respectively. Thus, winter atmospheric patterns may indirectly influence latewood growth through direct effects on previous earlywood development driven by precipitation variability. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Pasho E.,CSIC - Pyrenean Institute of Ecology | Pasho E.,Agricultural University of Tirana | Camarero J.J.,CSIC - Pyrenean Institute of Ecology | de Luis M.,University of Zaragoza | Vicente-Serrano S.M.,CSIC - Pyrenean Institute of Ecology
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology | Year: 2011

We analyzed the impact of drought measured on different time-scales on radial growth of eight tree species during the period 1950-2005 growing across a wide climatic gradient encompassing semiarid Mediterranean woodlands and wet mountain forests in north-eastern Spain. A drought index (standardized precipitation index, SPI) at different time scales (1-48 months) was correlated with chronologies of ring width to determine the significant time scale at which drought affected most tree growth. The findings indicated that the impact of drought on growth varied noticeably among species and sites. Two distinct patterns were clearly observed considering spatial and temporal differences in the response of species to drought. Species growing in xeric sites (Pinus and Quercus species and Juniperus thurifera) showed the highest responses to SPI time-scales of 9-11 months while those located in mesic sites (Abies alba, Pinus sylvestris) did respond more to SPI time scales shorter than 5 months. The SPI-growth correlations were significant, although weak, up to 30 months in xeric sites while no consistent association was observed at higher time scales. Important seasonal differences were noticed in the SPI-growth associations. Species growing in xeric areas responded to spring-summer SPI while those distributed in mesic sites responded more to summer SPI. Our findings should be useful to understand forest responses to climate change, including an increasing frequency of severe droughts, and to adapt appropriate management strategies to mitigate the impact of drought on tree growth. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Bani A.,Agricultural University of Tirana | Bani A.,CNRS Soil and Environment Laboratory | Echevarria G.,CNRS Soil and Environment Laboratory | Sulce S.,Agricultural University of Tirana | Morel J.L.,CNRS Soil and Environment Laboratory
International Journal of Phytoremediation | Year: 2015

Large ultramafic areas exist in Albania, which could be suitable for phytomining with native Alyssum murale. We undertook a five-year field experiment on an ultramafic Vertisol, aimed at optimizing a low-cost Ni-phytoextraction crop of A. murale which is adapted to the Balkans. The following aspects were studied on 18-m2 plots in natural conditions: the effect of (i) plant phenology and element distribution, (ii) plant nutrition and fertilization, (iii) plant cover and weed control and (iv), planting technique (natural cover vs. sown crop). The optimal harvest time was set at the mid-flowering stage when Ni concentration and biomass yield were highest. The application of N, P, and K fertilizers, and especially a split 100-kg ha−1 N application, increased the density of A. murale against all other species. It significantly increased shoot yield, without reducing Ni concentration. In natural stands, the control of graminaceous weeds required the use of an anti-monocots herbicide. However, after the optimization of fertilization and harvest time, weed control procured little benefit. Finally, cropping sown A. murale was more efficient than enhancing native stands and gave higher biomass and phytoextraction yields; biomass yields progressively improved from 0.3 to 9.0 t ha−1 and phytoextracted Ni increased from 1.7 to 105 kg ha−1. © 2015, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Binaj I.,University of New York Tirana | Suli D.,Agricultural University of Tirana
International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues | Year: 2013

This paper emphasizes the vital importance of the agriculture sector to the food security for Albania and other neighboring post-communist countries. The aim of this study is to illustrate how investments in agricultural development and food security can protect these countries form future global crisis. Agriculture sector used to be a major contributor to the Albanian economy until the 90’s and its role decreased with the liberalization of the economy. Albanians are of the opinion that more investment opportunities within the agricultural sector are required to decrease poverty at the national level and to make sustainable development possible for Albania. To achieve this, agricultural development and food security must be at the focus of the Albanian economy. This paper recommends an increase in investment within the agricultural sector across the nation. The mixed research approach method was used to validate these claims. © 2013, Econjournals. All rights reserved.

Bakiu R.,Agricultural University of Tirana
Biologia (Poland) | Year: 2014

Calreticulin (CRT) is a low molecular weight protein present in vertebrates, invertebrates and higher plants. Its multiple functions have been demonstrated. It plays an important role as a chaperone and Ca2+ buffer inside sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum (SR/ER), and outside the ER in many physiological/pathological processes. Recently it has been observed that CRT over-expression or its absence is linked to various pathological conditions, such as malignant evolution and progression, and these facts really increased its study interests. Using an evolution approach CRT was further characterized. Several Bayesian phylogenetic analyses were performed using coding and amino acid sequences. CRT molecular evolution was investigated for the presence of negative or/and positive selection using HyPhy package. The results indicated that the purifying selection might have operated over the whole CRT primary structure. Although, an episodic diversifying selection was also found on the analyzed CRT sequences. © 2013 Institute of Molecular Biology, Slovak Academy of Sciences.

Recently, local governments in Albania have begun paying attention to management of small watershed, because there are specific boundaries and people living within a watershed basin tend to be more concerned about the basin’s environmental, economic, and social development. But this natural resource management and non-point source (NPS) pollution control is still facing challenges. Albanian part of Prespa Park (AL-Prespa) is a good case study, as it is a protected wetland area of high biodiversity and long human history. In this framework, this study was undertaken, the main objectives of which were to explore: (1) the attitudes of the residents toward NPS pollution control, (2) their willingness-to-pay for improving water quality, and (3) factors affecting the residents’ willingness-to-pay. Descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA (analysis of variance), Chi-square analysis, and multivariate data analysis techniques were used. Findings strongly suggested that the residents’ attitudes toward NPS pollution control in this area were positive. With the combination of two major contingent valuation methods—dichotomous choice and open-ended formats, the survey results indicated that the average yearly respondents’ WTP was €6.4. The survey revealed that residents’ yearly income and education level were the main factors affecting residents’ willingness-to-pay for NPS pollution control in this area, and there was no significant correlation between residents’ yearly income and their education level. The current study would lay a solid foundation on decision-making in further NPS pollution control and public participation through community-based watershed management policies in AL-Prespa watershed and similar areas. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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