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Xiao J.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Chen X.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Xu Z.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Guo J.,Nanjing Agricultural University | And 10 more authors.
Euphytica | Year: 2016

Wheat yellow mosaic disease (WYM) became more serious in China in the recent years. Cultivation of resistant varieties is the major strategy for disease control. To identify WYM resistant genes in Chinese wheat cultivar ‘Yining Xiaomai’, a population of 106 recombinant inbred lines (RIL) from a cross between Yining Xiaomai and Zhen 9523 (WYM-susceptible) was generated. Phenotypic data of WYM resistance of the RILs were collected over three successive years in a naturally infected field nursery. A linkage map consisting of 29 genetic linkage groups involving 144 SSR or EST markers was constructed, using the JoinMap 4.0 software. By composite interval mapping using IciMapping 4.0, a stable major QTL associated with WYM resistance, designated QYm.nau-2D, was mapped to chromosome 2D which explained up to 93.2 % of the phenotypic variance. More linkage markers including 11 SNP and 11 STS markers were developed to saturate the QYm.nau-2D region. The presence of WYM resistance was further validated using a resistant RIL derived F2 population consisting 318 lines. A high resolution map at QYm.nau-2D region was re-constructed which established a basis for map-based cloning of the resistant gene. Four markers were validated to be diagnostic markers to discriminate 195 breeding lines with known pedigree. These markers could be used in marker-assisted selection to breeding WYM resistance. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

Zhu X.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Wang H.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Guo J.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Wu Z.,Nanjing Agricultural University | And 10 more authors.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics | Year: 2012

Wheat yellow mosaic (WYM) caused by wheat yellow mosaic bymovirus (WYMV) has been growing as one of the most serious diseases affecting wheat production in China. In this study, the association of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) governing WYMV resistance with molecular markers was established using 164 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from 'Xifeng Wheat' (highly resistant) × 'Zhen 9523' (highly susceptible). Phenotypic data of WYMV resistance of the RILs were collected from 4-year, two-location replicated field trials. A molecular marker-based linkage map, which was comprised of 273 non-redundant loci and represented all the 21 wheat chromosomes, was constructed with the JoinMap 4.0 software. Using the Windows QTL Cartographer V2. 5 software, three QTLs associated with WYMV resistance, QYm.njau-3B.1, QYm.njau-5A.1 and QYm.njau-7B.1, were detected on chromosomes 3BS, 5AL, and 7BS, respectively. The favorable allele effects were all contributed by 'Xifeng Wheat'. Among the three QTLs, QYm.njau-3B.1 and QYm.njau-5A.1 were detected in all the four trials and the overall mean, and could explain 3.3-10.2% and 25.9-53.7% of the phenotypic variation, respectively, while QYm.njau-7B.1 was detected in one trial and the overall mean and explained 4.9 and 3.3% of the phenotypic variation, respectively. A large portion of the variability for WYMV response was explained by a major QTL, QYm.njau-5A.1. The relationship of the molecular markers linked with QYm.njau-5A.1 and the WYMV resistance was further validated using a secondary F 2 population. The results showed that three markers, i.e., Xwmc415. 1, CINAU152, and CINAU153, were closely linked to QYm.njau-5A.1 with the genetic distances of 0.0, 0.0, and 0.1 cM, respectively, indicating they should be useful in marker-assisted selection (MAS) wheat breeding for WYMV resistance. A panel of germplasm collection consisting of 46 wheat varieties with known WYMV response phenotypes was further used to validate the presence and effects of QYm.njau-5A.1 and the above three markers. It was found that QYm.njau-5A.1 was present in 12 of the 34 WYMV-resistant varieties. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Zhao R.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Wang H.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Xiao J.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Bie T.,Agricultural science Institute of the Lixiahe District | And 7 more authors.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics | Year: 2013

The wheat spindle streak mosaic virus (WSSMV) or wheat yellow mosaic virus (WYMV) resistance gene, Wss1, from Haynaldia villosa, was previously mapped to the chromosome arm 4VS by the development of 4V (4D) substitution and T4DL·4VS translocation lines. For better utilization and more accurate mapping of the Wss1, in this research, the CS ph1b mutant was used to induce new translocations with shortened 4VS chromosome fragments. Thirty-five homozygous translocations with different alien fragment sizes and breakpoints of 4VS were identified by GISH and molecular marker analysis. By field test, it was found that all the identified terminal translocations characterized as having smaller 4VS chromosome segments in the chromosome 4DS were highly resistant to WYMV, while all the interstitial translocations with 4VS inserted into the 4DS were WYMV susceptible. Marker analysis using 32 4VS-specific markers showed that both the terminal and interstitial translocations had different alien fragment sizes. Five specific markers could be detected in the WYMV-resistant terminal translocation line NAU421 with the shortest introduced 4VS fragment, indicating they can be used for marker-assisted selection in wheat breeding. Based on the resistance evaluation, GISH and molecular marker analysis of the available translocations, the gene(s) conferring the WYMV resistance on 4VS could be further cytologically mapped to the distal region of 4VS, immersed in the bin of FL 0.78-1.00. The newly developed small fragment translocations with WYMV resistance and 4VS specific markers have laid solid groundwork for the utilization in wheat breeding for WYMV resistance as well as further cloning of Wss1. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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