Fealy Nahavand S.,Islamic Azad University at Mahābād |
Alini M.,Agricultural Planning Economic and Rural Development Research Institute |
Ahmadpour A.,Islamic Azad University at Sari |
Mirzaei A.,Islamic Azad University at Garmsar
Life Science Journal | Year: 2013
The purpose of the present study is to identify the effective factors on rural women's motivation from Mazandaran Province for participating in extension-education programs. To do so, the study made a use of multistage random sampling method in which 300 the rural women from Mazandaran Province were selected to participate in the research process (n=300). The instrument of the study was a semi-structured questionnaire the validity and reliability of which, on the base of experts' views and Alpha Cronbach Test (α=0.82) were confirmed. The findings of the study showed that less than half of the respondents (45% or 136) have participated in extensioneducation programs with motivations such as learning knowledge and skill for saving money, children's growth and learning, and prove qualifications to the family members. So the majority of the respondents (82 or 60.29%) for participating in extension-education programs have a "high" level of motivation. The analytical findings showed that there is a significant correlation between professional and individual characteristics of rural women with their motivation for participating in extension- education programs. Also the result of multivariate linear regression analysis indicated that experience of animal husbandry variable explained 17% of variance of motivation for participating in extension-education programs.
Mirzaei A.,Islamic Azad University at Garmsar |
Mirdamadi S.M.,Islamic Azad University |
Alini M.,Agricultural Planning Economic and Rural Development Research Institute
Life Science Journal | Year: 2012
The present study is the kind of descriptive-correlation and the purpose of this study is to investigate and analyze non economic factors effecting on farmers attitudes towards participatory irrigation management. On the basis of Kochran formula, the numbers of 190 persons are accidentally selected by the using stratified sampling and cluster random sampling and finally 186 questionnaires are analyzed. The farmers as members of Golestan province water users' association made up the statistical population of this research. The tool of research was questionnaire which its reliability approved by the masters and knowledgeable persons and its validity computed 0.77. The data analysis is accomplished by using the SPSS 13 software. The research results shown that there was a significant relation among the term of farmer's membership in water users' association, farm distance to the nearest agricultural service center, level of using the informational resources, level of extensional contacts, social participation and solidarity with Farmer's attitudes towards participatory irrigation of management. The gotten results from stepwise regression shown social solidarity, farm distance to the nearest agricultural service center and the level of using of informational resources forecast 32% of changing the farmer's attitudes toward participatory irrigation of management.
Hassanpour B.,Agricultural Planning Economic and Rural Development Research Institute |
Ismail M.M.,Agricultural Planning Economic and Rural Development Research Institute |
Mohamed Z.,Technical University of Madrid |
Kamarulzaman N.H.,Technical University of Madrid
African Journal of Agricultural Research | Year: 2011
Rainbow trout farming is an important contributor to the aquaculture industry in Iran. This study number of the factors including the socio-economic factor was considered for analysing the factors affecting technical change in trout aquaculture. A two-stage estimation procedure for this analysis was applied. The Malmquist index is then employed to measure the productivity and technical change in the first stage, while the pooled logit and tobit models were performed in the second stage so as to ascertain factors affecting the technical change or innovation improvement. The study was conducted to utilize panel data of 207 trout farms in the country over a five-year period from 2003 to 2007. The results of this study revealed that the total factor productivity (TFP) growth of rainbow trout farming in the aquaculture sector is substantially formed from technical efficiency change rather than technical change or innovation improvement. Hence, Iran still has a room to improve the TFP growth in the trout aquaculture, and this can be done by shifting its production frontier through improving innovation and development of new technologies. Based on the marginal effects analysis derived from the pooled logit/tobit regression, the factors that mostly affected technical change positively were suitability of water temperature (13 to 18°C), extension workshop and educational level of the manager. Conversely, the negative factors included the governmental insurance coverage, pond size and being government tenure, such as public companies and cooperatives. © 2011 Academic Journals.
Ismail M.M.,University Putra Malaysia |
Abdullah A.M.,University Putra Malaysia |
Hassanpour B.,Agricultural Planning Economic and Rural Development Research Institute
International Journal of Economics and Management | Year: 2013
The paper investigates the trade competitive positions of ASEAN countries for the meat and meat preparation sub-sector, specifically the ruminant category. The sub-sector has been chosen as it remains one of the main contributors to the food trade deficits in Malaysia despite the government's promotion towards its production and consumption. This study, first examines the competitiveness of 20 food commodities in the meat and meat preparation sub-sector, namely the ruminant category (division 01) in Malaysia vis-à-vis selected ASEAN countries. We assess the competitiveness level by evaluating the Relative Trade Advantage (RTA). The indices are then used in pair wise comparisons to determine the countries' competitiveness ranking. The data cover commodities in the HS 6 digits group over the period of 1998 to 2007. Thailand was ranked the highest in the sub-sector of meat and meat preparation for the ruminant category and Malaysia was ranked fifth.