Grafenhan T.,Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Center |
Grafenhan T.,Canadian Grain Commission |
Schroers H.-J.,Agricultural Institute of Slovenia |
Nirenberg H.I.,Julius Kuhn Institute |
Seifert K.A.,Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Center
Studies in Mycology | Year: 2011
A comprehensive phylogenetic reassessment of the ascomycete genus Cosmospora (Hypocreales, Nectriaceae) is undertaken using fresh isolates and historical strains, sequences of two protein encoding genes, the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (rpb2), and a new phylogenetic marker, the larger subunit of ATP citrate lyase (acl1). The result is an extensive revision of taxonomic concepts, typification, and nomenclatural details of many anamorph- and teleomorph-typified genera of the Nectriaceae, most notably Cosmospora and Fusarium. The combined phylogenetic analysis shows that the present concept of Fusarium is not monophyletic and that the genus divides into two large groups, one basal in the family, the other terminal, separated by a large group of species classified in genera such as Calonectria, Neonectria, and Volutella. All accepted genera received high statistical support in the phylogenetic analyses. Preliminary polythetic morphological descriptions are presented for each genus, providing details of perithecia, micro- and/or macro-conidial synanamorphs, cultural characters, and ecological traits. Eight species are included in our restricted concept of Cosmospora, two of which have previously documented teleomorphs and all of which have Acremonium-like microconidial anamorphs. A key is provided to the three anamorphic species recognised in Atractium, which is removed from synonymy with Fusarium and epitypified for two macroconidial synnematous species and one sporodochial species associated with waterlogged wood. Dialonectria is recognised as distinct from Cosmospora and two species with teleomorph, macroconidia and microconidia are accepted, including the new species D. ullevolea. Seven species, one with a known teleomorph, are classified in Fusicolla, formerly considered a synonym of Fusarium including members of the F. aquaeductuum and F. merismoides species complex, with several former varieties raised to species rank. Originally a section of Nectria, Macroconia is raised to generic rank for five species, all producing a teleomorph and macroconidial anamorph. A new species of the Verticillium-like anamorphic genus Mariannaea is described as M. samuelsii. Microcera is recognised as distinct from Fusarium and a key is included for four macroconidial species, that are usually parasites of scale insects, two of them with teleomorphs. The four accepted species of Stylonectria each produce a teleomorph and micro- and macroconidial synanamorphs. The Volutella species sampled fall into three clades. Pseudonectria is accepted for a perithecial and sporodochial species that occurs on Buxus. Volutella s. str. also includes perithecial and/or sporodochial species and is revised to include a synnematous species formerly included in Stilbella. The third Volutella-like clade remains unnamed. All fungi in this paper are named using a single name system that gives priority to the oldest generic names and species epithets, irrespective of whether they are originally based on anamorph or teleomorph structures. The rationale behind this is discussed. © 2011 CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST-2007-3.4-01 | Award Amount: 28.64M | Year: 2008
CIVITAS-ELAN is a large and ambitious project of great strategic importance to its project partners and funding institutions. The mayors of the cities of Ljubljana, Gent, Zagreb, Brno and Porto have agreed to a common mission statement To mobilise our citizens by developing with their support clean mobility solutions for vital cities, ensuring health and access for all. The five cities intend to cooperate on the basis of a clear set of common objectives, based on the principle of putting the citizen first. For each of the CIVITAS policy fields a common set of objectives and project goals has been agreed, and the cities have developed a programme of in total sixty-nine measures, which are described in detail, including concrete targets.The focus on citizen participation has been deeply built into the workplan, also several NGOs are part of the project consortium.The ELAN cities are representative of a growing number of dynamic, mainly medium-sized national or regional centres with strong cultural background. The planning of the project is mature with detailed timetable, resources and organisational structures. The project consortium is very experienced, some partners were involved in CIVITAS 1 and 2 from various perspectives. As requested in the call, a city from New Member States (NMS) (Ljubljana) is the project coordinator and a learning city (Brno) is also from a NMS. A further leading city (Zagreb) is from a candidate country thus bringing the CIVITAS initiative in the enlargement prospect. The workplan addresses topics of specific interest to cities in the NMS. Through CIVITAS-ELAN three new countries, Portugal, Croatia and Belgium will be put on the CIVITAS map as ELAN cities are committed to become ambassadors in their countries.As a policy-driven project, CIVITAS-ELAN will make significant contributions to major global, EU and national policy processes.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: SFS-07a-2014 | Award Amount: 3.40M | Year: 2015
Research and development activities are proposed for the benefit of sustainable pork chains based on European local pig breeds and their production systems. Workprogramme is planned to respond to consumer demands for quality and healthiness of pork products with regional identity and societal demands for environment preservation and development of local agro-economy. Description and evaluation of local pig breeds, with an emphasis on untapped ones will be performed using novel genomic tools. Performance of local pig breeds will be evaluated in contrasted agro-geo-climatic conditions and production systems (indoor, outdoor, organic). Focus will be on pig feeding and management strategies and on the use of locally available feeding resources. Intrinsic quality of traditional and new regional high quality pork products and attitudes of consumers from various market areas will be assessed; in particular the motives for the choice and willingness to pay such products. Marketing strategies will be adressed in particular short chain distribution channels. All activities will be driven from the perspective of sustainability (environmental impact, animal welfare, product quality, consumer acceptability and market potential). The activities will engage innovative approaches to answer socio-economic demands of regional pork chains involving partners from different sectors. The ambition is to enhance existing and create new networks between academia and non-academia partners, within and between regions and to tackle the value chain for regional high quality pork products, focusing on diverse and so far untapped pig breeds, their production systems and pork products. Cross-fertilising interactions between research, local agriculture, businesses and end-users will be achieved with partners from these complementary sectors in all research and development activities.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: KBBE-2007-1-4-05 | Award Amount: 1.14M | Year: 2008
AgriPolicy builds on the results of the previous FP6 project CEEC AGRI POLICY (www.agripolicy.net) which was awarded financial support by DG Research in 2004 following the call FP6-2003-SSP-3. The overall objective of the proposal is to support the formulation of Community agricultural policies. AgriPolicy has 4 specific objectives: 1. Networking and information sharing The objective is to stimulate the networking and the sharing of information between organisations involved in agri-economics analysis. The networking will be stimulated through the organisation of 3 symposia and 6 workshops and the development of a dynamic web site including an up-dated directories of experts and organisations. 2. Provide scientific input for policy making The objective is to provide analyses on a number of specific topics (8-monthly as well as report on demand). 3. Prepare future analysis The objective is to prepare for future policy and sectoral analyses and research by collecting quantitative and qualitative information. In the NMS, 3 monitoring reports of agricultural and rural will be prepared. In the WBC, a study on the existing availability of key agricultural and rural statistics will be prepared. 4. Develop analytical capacities The objective is to strengthen the analytical capabilities of the research organisations involved in the project in the field of policy evaluation and foresight analysis. This will be achieved by implementing training sessions as well as conducting pilot studies. AgriPolicy will be implemented by a team of experts from 24 organisations from 24 countries. The team is composed of the partners of the former project, augmented with new competencies from the old Member States (IAMO in Germany and LEI in the Netherlands), from Malta and from Albania, FYROM, Kosovo and Montenegro.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE.2013.1.4-10 | Award Amount: 2.60M | Year: 2014
The on-going negotiations on Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreements between the EU, Armenia, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine, the accession of Russia to the World Trade Organisation in 2012 and the establishment of a Customs Union between Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan in 2011 are expected to boost trade relations between the European Union and its Eastern Neighbours. The aim of AGRICISTRADE is to accompany these developments by analysing the potential impact of these trade agreements and by delivering insights on the potential developments of the food, feed and biomass sectors in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine. AGRICISTRADE contributes to the analysis of the present situation, the potentials and the projection of future agri-food developments. This project will improve the understanding of present agricultural and food processing sectors in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) by collecting and evaluating statistical data and related policies. Based on its multidisciplinary expertise the AGRICISTRADE consortium investigates agro-ecological, socio-economic and institutional bottlenecks to exploit the agricultural potentials in CIS and shows the implications of policy interventions for development perspectives of a number of selected supply chains. AGRICISTRADE improves existing biophysical and economic modelling tools enhancing their empirical base and regional representation, and develops a framework for assessing agricultural production and demand potentials in CIS. Modelling tools will be used to quantify and analyse the impact of market developments, technology and policy scenarios on CIS agricultural production, demand and trade, specifically addressing the implications of these scenarios for EU agri-food sector. The project results contribute to a fact-based and well-informed dialogue among EU policy makers on possible impacts of a DCFTA on CIS agricultural development potentials.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: KBBE.2010.1.2-05 | Award Amount: 12.35M | Year: 2011
To meet both the worldwide demand for food security and new environmental needs, agriculture must increase food production and quality while decreasing its ecological footprint. Ensuring sustainability and competitiveness with reduced pesticide inputs is a major challenge. PURE will provide integrated pest management (IPM) solutions and a practical toolbox for their implementation in key European farming systems (annual arable and vegetable, perennial, and protected crops) in which reduction of pesticide use and better control of pests will have major effects. PURE will exploit recent advances in emerging technologies, plant-pest-enemies interactions, soil and landscape ecology and pest evolution to feed IPM solutions with innovative diagnostic and decision support systems, physical devices and bio-products, strategies for ecological pest regulation and improved durability of control methods. For each selected farming system, PURE will combine existing methods with new tools and technologies into novel IPM solutions addressing the biological, agronomical and economical diversity in Europe. IPM solutions will range from easy to adopt combinations of tactical control methods to more ambitious solutions involving strategic changes at farm level. PURE will test the efficacy, practicability and relevance of IPM solutions under the agro-ecosystems and farming conditions of the main broad European regions by on-station and on-farm experiments and will perform a comparative assessment of their environmental, economic and social sustainability. By jointly involving researchers and the key actors of pest management (farmers, advisors, policy makers and actors of the food supply chain) in design and assessment, PURE will facilitate the adoption of these innovative IPM solutions. PURE will thereby contribute to reduce the risks to human health and the environment and the dependence on pesticides and will facilitate the implementation of the pesticides package legislation.