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Abedelahi A.,Tarbiat Modares University | Salehnia M.,Tarbiat Modares University | Allameh A.A.,Tarbiat Modares University | Davoodi D.,Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran
Human Reproduction | Year: 2010

Background The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of sodium selenite (SS) on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and glutathione peroxide (GPx) activity of cultured pre-antral follicles derived from vitrified and non-vitrified ovarian tissue.Method SImmature mouse ovaries were vitrified, and mechanically isolated pre-antral follicles from vitrified and non-vitrified samples were cultured in TCM 199 medium supplemented with different concentrations (0, 5 and 10 ng/ml) of SS. Follicular, oocyte and embryo development was assessed. In parallel, ROS, TAC and GPx levels were analyzed after 0, 12, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h of culture.Result SDevelopment rates of follicles, oocytes and embryos were significantly higher in SS-supplemented groups (P < 0.005). ROS production was increased, and TAC levels and GPx activities were decreased after 24 h of culture of pre-antral follicles in vitrified and non-vitrified groups, whereas in the presence of SS, ROS production was decreased and TAC levels and selenium-dependent GPx-specific activities were increased after 96 h of culture. Vitrified and non-vitrified samples responded in a similar manner.Conclusion SS caused an increase in follicular TAC level and GPx activity and a decrease in ROS level, thus improving the in vitro development of follicles. Source

Shahryari F.,Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran
Communications in agricultural and applied biological sciences | Year: 2010

The witches' broom disease of lime (WBDL) caused by Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia is the most devastating disease of acidian lime in southern part of Iran as it destroy thousands of trees yearly throughout these regions. Traditional methods such as eradication of infected trees and insect vector control have shown limited effect on this case. Therefore, alternative approaches such as plantibody-mediated resistance, have been considered. Throughout present study we prepared sufficient amount of antigen that is required for generation of specific monoclonal recombinant antibodies against Immunodominant membrane protein (IMP) which will be exploited for plantibody-mediated resistance approach. The gene encoding IMP protein was obtained by PCR amplification using specific primers and DNA extracted from the infected plants. Amplified fragment was then inserted into T/A cloning vector. Intact clones containing the right sequence was selected after digestion, PCR amplification and subsequent sequencing analysis. IMP encoding region having the right sequence was sub-cloned into pET28a bacterial expression vector. Large scale expression of His tagged recombinant protein was performed in the BL21-de3 strain of E. coli and purification under native conditions was carried out through immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC) in a column containing Ni-NTA agarose beads. Successful expression and purification steps were confirmed by SDS-PAGE and western blotting analyses. The results obtained indicated the successful production of about 18 mg purified recombinant IMP protein with a low level of contamination in one liter cultured medium. Finally the purified protein was dialyzed in phosphate saline buffer and applied for immunization of mice. Source

Shirazi M.M.A.,Islamic Azad University at Omidieh | Kargari A.,Amirkabir University of Technology | Tabatabaei M.,Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran
Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification | Year: 2014

In this study, nine flat-sheet commercially available hydrophobic PTFE membranes were used in desalination by direct contact membrane distillation and their characteristics were investigated under different operating conditions including feed temperature, feed flow rate, cold stream flow rate, and feed concentration. Membrane properties, i.e. pore size, thickness, support layer, and salt rejection were also studied. Moreover, membrane module designs including flow arrangements (co-current, counter-current and tangential) for process liquid and depth both on hot and cold sides were tested experimentally. Finally, the long-term performance of the selected membranes for direct contact membrane distillation as a stand-alone desalination process was investigated. The results indicated that increasing feed temperature, hot feed flow rate, and module depth on the cold side led to increase permeate flux. On the other hand, increasing membrane thickness and module depth on the hot side (at constant flow rate) had negative effects on the flux. The highest permeation flux and salt rejection was achieved when the membranes with a pore size of 0.22. μm were used in the cross-current follow arrangement of hot and cold streams. In addition, the requirements for support layer for a successful DCMD process has been extensively discussed. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

Mohammadi A.,Shahid Beheshti University | Hashemi M.,Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran | Hosseini S.M.,Shahid Beheshti University
Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies | Year: 2015

This study was undertaken to investigate the nanoencapsulation of Zataria multiflora essential oil (ZEO) in chitosan nanoparticles (CSNPs) in order to enhance antifungal activity and stability of the oils against one isolate of Botrytis cinerea Pers., the causal agent of gray mould disease. ZEO was encapsulated by an ionic gelation technique into CSNPs with an average size of 125-175 nm as observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). From UV-vis spectrophotometry results, the drug encapsulation and loading efficiency of ZEO decreased from 45.24% to 3.26% and from 9.05% to 5.22%, respectively, upon increasing initial ZEO content from 0.25 to 1 g/g chitosan. In vitro release studies also demonstrated a controlled and sustained release of ZEO for 40 days. The superior performance of ZEO when encapsulated by CSNPs under both in vitro and in vivo conditions in comparison with unmodified ZEO against B. cinerea was revealed. The in vivo experiment also showed that the encapsulated oils at 1500 ppm concentration significantly decreased both disease severity and incidence of Botrytis-inoculated strawberries during 7 days of storage at 4 °C followed by 2-3 more days at 20 °C. These findings revealed the promising role of CSNPs as a controlled release system for EOs in order to enhance antifungal activities. Industrial relevance: Application of plant essential oil (EOs) treatment at pre- or postharvest stage has been considered as an alternative treatment to the use of synthetic fungicides to prevent fruit postharvest decay and to extend the storage life while retaining the overall quality of different fresh commodities. Although EOs have proved to be good antimicrobial agents, their use for maintaining fruit quality and reducing fungal decay is often limited due to their volatile compounds which can easily suffer degradation under the action of heat, pressure, light and oxygen. Furthermore, they are insoluble in water, and for certain applications a controlled release is required. In this regard, nano-size carriers provide more surface area and can possibly upgrade solubility, enhance bioavailability and improve controlled release and targeting of the encapsulated food ingredients, in comparison to micro-size carriers. These findings revealed the promising role of CSNPs as a controlled release system for EOs in order to enhance their antimicrobial activities. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Noruzi M.,Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2016

The interesting characteristics of electrospun nanofibres, such as high surface-to-volume ratio, nanoporosity, and high safety, make them suitable candidates for use in a variety of applications. In the recent decade, electrospun nanofibres have been applied to different potential fields such as filtration, wound dressing, drug delivery, etc. and a significant number of review papers have been published in these fields. However, the use of electrospun nanofibres in agriculture is comparatively novel and is still in its infancy. In this paper, the specific applications of electrospun nanofibres in agriculture and food science, including plant protection using pheromone-loaded nanofibres, plant protection using encapsulation of biocontrol agents, preparation of protective clothes for farm workers, encapsulation of agrochemical materials, deoxyribonucleic acid extraction in agricultural research studies, pre-concentration and measurement of pesticides in crops and environmental samples, preparation of nanobiosensors for pesticide detection, encapsulation of food materials, fabrication of food packaging materials, and filtration of beverage products are reviewed and discussed. This paper may help researchers develop the use of electrospun nanofibres in agriculture and food science to address some serious problems such as the intensive use of pesticides. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry. Source

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