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Ymittos Athens, Greece

Antoniou D.,Aghia Sophia Childrens Hospital
La Pediatria medica e chirurgica : Medical and surgical pediatrics | Year: 2011

Neonatal gastric perforation is a rare, serious and frequently fatal condition of unclear etiology. The most common clinical presentation include tachypnea, respiratory distress, abdominal distension and cyanosis. We report an unusual case of neonatal gastric perforation presenting as erythematous scrotal swelling mimicking testicular torsion. This clinical presentation is unusual and early diagnosis and treatment is essential in order to prevent significant mortality and morbidity.

Antoniou D.,Aghia Sophia Childrens Hospital
La Pediatria medica e chirurgica : Medical and surgical pediatrics | Year: 2011

Mesenteric cystic lymphangiomas are uncommon benign cystic tumors rarely associated with other congenital malformations. We herein describe a case of a 9-day-old female presented with a two-day history of bilious vomiting, feeding intolerance, weakness and lethargy. Preoperative studies were diagnostic of intestinal malrotation. At laparotomy a cystic mesenteric mass was identified. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of mesenteric cystic lymphangioma. The exact aetiology of mesenteric lymphangioma is unknown and this case supports the theory that lymphangioma is a primary congenital malformation.

Herouvi D.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Karanasios E.,Aghia Sophia Childrens Hospital | Karayianni C.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Karavanaki K.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
European Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2013

In recent years, childhood obesity is becoming an epidemic health problem. It is now evident from many studies that childhood obesity is correlated with adult excess weight status and the development of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in adulthood, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome. The exposure to obesity and to the above risk factors during childhood subsequently lead to atherosclerotic development, such as altered vascular structure and function, although the mechanisms are still unclear. Several non-invasive, and thus easy-to-obtain measures of arterial structure and function, have been shown to be clinically useful in providing information about vasculature early in the course of atherosclerosis, including measurement of endothelial function, carotid intima media thickness, and arterial stiffness. The early detection of cardiovascular abnormalities is essential because the control of the atherogenic process is more effective during its early stages. The present review focuses on the cardiovascular consequences of obesity, on the mechanisms and the methods of measurement of endothelial dysfunction in obese children and adolescents, and on the ways of intervention for the improvement of vascular health. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Petratos D.V.,Aghia Sophia Childrens Hospital
Journal of surgical orthopaedic advances | Year: 2012

This report presents a rare case of a child who presented with neglected intra-articular entrapment of the median nerve, ulnar nerve palsy, and intra-articular incarceration of the medial epicondyle following closed reduction of an elbow dislocation. In the present case, as in most other cases, the diagnosis and treatment were delayed. Careful initial and postreduction neurological examination, as well as careful interpretation of the plain radiographs, is necessary for early detection of any nerve complications and associated fractures of an elbow dislocation. The authors' opinion is that a child with an elbow dislocation, which is initially neurologically intact but advances to a median or ulnar nerve deficit after the reduction, must undergo early surgical exploration, especially when the dislocation is associated with a medial epicondyle fracture.

Thway K.,Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust | Stefanaki K.,Aghia Sophia Childrens Hospital | Papadakis V.,Aghia Sophia Childrens Hospital | Fisher C.,Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
Human Pathology | Year: 2013

Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma is a rare soft tissue tumor of intermediate biologic potential, predominantly arising in superficial extremities of children and young adults. Less than 5% metastasize. We describe a case of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma in the scalp of an 8-year-old boy, which metastasized to a postauricular lymph node 3 years after primary tumor excision. Histologically, primary and metastasis comprised nodules of bland ovoid cells, with primary additionally showing hemorrhagic cavities, fibrous capsule, and lymphoplasmacytic inflammation. Both strongly expressed desmin, with focal epithelial membrane antigen. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction showed EWSR1-CREB1 fusion transcripts in both primary and metastasis. This is, to our knowledge, the first description of genetically proven metastatic angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma. Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma can mimic both benign and malignant lesions, and although most behave indolently, it is important to recognize their metastatic potential. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

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