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Ymittos Athens, Greece

Goussetis E.,Stem Cell Transplant Unit | Konialis C.P.,Diagnostic Genetic Center | Peristeri I.,Stem Cell Transplant Unit | Kitra V.,Stem Cell Transplant Unit | And 11 more authors.
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation | Year: 2010

We report 2 children with X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (X-CGD) who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) using grafts from their siblings selected before implantation to be both unaffected and HLA-matched donors. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) along with HLA-typing were performed on preimplantation embryos by single-cell multiplex polymerase chain reaction using informative short tandem repeat markers in the HLA locus together with the gene region containing the mutations. Two singleton pregnancies resulted from the intrauterine transfer of selected embryos; these developed to term, producing 1 healthy female and 1 X-CGD carrier female, which are HLA-identical siblings to the 2 affected children. Combined grafts of umbilical cord blood (UCB) and bone marrow (BM) stem cells were administered to the recipients after myeloablative (MA) conditioning at the ages of 4.5 years and 4 years, respectively. Both patients are well, with complete donor hematopoietic and immunologic reconstitution, at 18 and 13 months posttransplantation, respectively. This report demonstrates that HSCT with HLA-matched sibling donors created by PGD/HLA typing of in vitro fertilized embryos is a realistic therapeutic option and should be presented as such to families with children who require a non-urgent HSCT but lack an HLA-genoidentical donor. © 2010 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

Mavragani C.P.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Fragoulis G.E.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Rontogianni D.,Evangelismos General Hospital | Kanariou M.,Aghia Sofia Childrens Hospital | Moutsopoulos H.M.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Arthritis Care and Research | Year: 2014

Objective To determine IgG4 levels in a cohort of consecutive patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and other autoimmune diseases and explore whether they associate with distinct clinical, serologic, and histopathologic features. Methods Serum IgG4 levels were measured in 133 primary SS patients and 49 healthy donors (HDs). Seventy-four lupus and 54 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients served as disease controls. Immunohistochemical IgG4 analysis was performed in paraffin-embedded minor salivary gland (MSG) tissues. Results Raised IgG4 serum levels (>135 mg/dl) were detected in 10 (7.5%) of 133 primary SS patients (high-IgG4 group), in 8 (10.8%) of 74 lupus patients, in 7 (12.9%) of 54 RA patients, and in 1 (2%) of 49 HDs. Compared to the normal-IgG4 (<135 mg/dl) primary SS group, high-IgG4 patients exhibited increased prevalence of IgG4-related features (autoimmune cholangitis, autoimmune pancreatitis, and interstitial nephritis), lower rates of antinuclear antibody positivity, and higher IgG2 and IgE levels. Positive staining for IgG4+ plasma cells with an IgG4:IgG ratio ≥40% was detected in 3 of 6 available MSG tissues in the high-IgG4 group. Criteria of possible or definite IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) were fulfilled by 10 (7.5%) of 133 of our primary SS cohort. Conclusion Raised IgG4 serum levels were detected in 7.5% of primary SS patients in association with IgG4RD-reminiscent clinical, serologic, and histopathologic features. Whether this high-IgG4 primary SS group represents a misclassified IgG4-RD group or a distinct primary SS subtype remains to be further explored in future studies. © 2014, American College of Rheumatology.

Megremis S.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Mitsioni A.,P and A Kyriakou Childrens Hospital | Fylaktou I.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Tzeli S.K.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2011

Mutations in the Wilms' tumor suppressor gene 1 (WT1), most commonly within exons 8 or 9 or intron 9, are found in cases with the overlapping conditions of Denys-Drash and Frasier syndromes, as well as in patients with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). This study investigated the presence of WT1 gene mutations in cases with childhood SRNS, along with an evaluation of their clinical outcome. Twenty-seven Greek children with sporadic (19 cases) and familial (8 cases) SRNS were tested. Four phenotypically female patients with sporadic SRNS were found to carry de novo WT1 mutations, including two cases with p.R394W, and one case each with p.R366H, or n.1228+5G>A. Karyotype analysis found 46XX in three cases, but 46XY in one. No phenotype-genotype correlations were apparent in the WT1 gene positive cases since their clinical presentation varied broadly. Interestingly, one patient with a pathological WT1 nucleotide variation responded fully to combined therapy with cyclosporine A and corticosteroids. This study further illustrates that investigation of WT1 gene mutations is clinically useful to support definitive diagnosis in children presenting with SRNS in order to direct the most appropriate clinical management. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Goussetis E.,Stem Cell Transplant Unit | Spiropoulos A.,Stem Cell Transplant Unit | Theodosaki M.,Stem Cell Transplant Unit | Stefanaki K.,Aghia Sofia Childrens Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Stem Cells and Development | Year: 2010

The origin (recipient/donor) of the myofibroblasts mediating fibrosis in sclerodermatous chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) was investigated. Sclerodermatous specimens obtained from a patient with extensive cGvHD after an HLA-identical sibling bone marrow transplantation were cultured in order to derive tissue myofibroblasts. All proliferating a-SMA+fibroblastoid cells revealed recipient origin as examined by variable number tandem repeat (VNTR)-PCR. This case report shows that fibrosis in sclerodermatous lesions results from the activation and proliferation of locally-derived recipient fibroblasts rather than from donor-derived fibroblasts or circulating fibrocytes. © 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2010.

Thomopoulos T.P.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Ntouvelis E.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Diamantaras A.-A.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Tzanoudaki M.,Aghia Sofia Childrens Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology | Year: 2015

Objective: To systematically review studies and meta-analyze the literature on the association of maternal and/or index child's coffee, tea, and cola consumption with subsequent development of childhood leukemia and its major subtypes. Methods: Eligible studies were identified through a detailed algorithm and hand-search of eligible articles' references; thereafter, summary-effect estimates were calculated by leukemia subtype and dose-response meta-analyses were performed. Results: Twelve case-control studies, comprising a total of 3649 cases and 5705 controls, were included. High maternal coffee consumption was positively associated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL; OR: 1.43, 95%CI: 1.22-1.68) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML; OR: 2.52, 95%CI: 1.59-3.57). Any or low to moderate maternal cola consumption was also positively associated with overall leukemia (AL) and ALL, A linear trend between coffee and cola consumption and childhood leukemia was observed in the dose-response analyses. On the contrary, low to moderate tea consumption was inversely associated with AL (OR: 0.85, 95%CI: 0.75-0.97), although the trend was non-significant. A null association between offspring's cola consumption and leukemia was noted. Conclusions: Our findings confirm the detrimental association between maternal coffee consumption and childhood leukemia risk and provide indications for a similar role of maternal cola intake. In contrast, an inverse association with tea was found, implying that other micronutrients contained in this beverage could potentially counterbalance the deleterious effects of caffeine. Further research should focus on the intake of specific micronutrients, different types of coffee and tea, specific immunophenotypes of the disease, and the modifying effect of genetic polymorphisms. © 2015.

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