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Hong Y.H.,University of Suwon | Lee H.-S.,Agency for Korea National Food Cluster | Jung E.Y.,Jeonju University | Han S.-H.,Korea University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Ginseng Research | Year: 2016

Background: Abnormal activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) plays an important role in UV-induced wrinkle formation, which is a major dermatological problem. This formation occurs due to the degeneration of the extracellular matrix (ECM). In this study, we investigated the cutaneous photoprotective effects of Ultraflo L treated ginseng leaf (UTGL) in hairless mice. Methods: SKH-1 hairless mice (6 weeks of age) were randomly divided into four groups (8 mice/group). UTGL formulation was applied topically to the skin of the mice for 10 weeks. The normal control group received nonvehicle and was not irradiated with UVB. The UV control (UVB) group received nonvehicle and was exposed to gradient-UVB irradiation. The groups (GA) receiving topical application of UTGL formulation were subjected to gradient-UVB irradiation on 0.5 mg/cm2 [GA-low (GA-L)] and 1.0 mg/cm2 [(GA-high (GA-H)] of dorsal skin area, respectively. Results: We found that topical treatment with UTGL attenuated UVB-induced epidermal thickness and impairment of skin barrier function. Additionally, UTGL suppressed the expression of MMP-2, -3, and -13 induced by UVB irradiation. Our results show that topical application of UTGL protects the skin against UVB-induced damage in hairless mice and suggest that UTGL can act as a potential agent for preventing and/or treating UVB-induced photoaging. Conclusion: UTGL possesses sunscreen properties and may exhibit photochemoprotective activities inside the skin of mice. Therefore, UTGL could be used as a potential therapeutic agent to protect the skin against UVB-induced photoaging. © 2016.

Choi K.-H.,Agency for Korea National Food Cluster | Oh H.J.,Agency for Korea National Food Cluster | Jeong Y.J.,Agency for Korea National Food Cluster | Lim E.J.,Hanyang University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition | Year: 2015

In this study, we examined the effects of cultivation adaptability and product quality of aronia (fruit of Aronia melanocarpa) cultivated in various domestic regions. Extracts of aronia cultivated in various domestic regions and Poland were measured for their total sugar contents, acidities, total polyphenol contents, anthocyanin contents, and antioxidant activities using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays. Our results showed that aronia extracts from the two countries had similar sugar contents, acidities, and anthocyanin contents. Anthocyanin is an important functional component of Aronia melanocarpa. Extracts of aronia from the two countries contained cyanidin-3-galactoside (65.5∼69.1%) as the major anthocyanin compound. Aronia cultivated in C region showed higher polyphenol content (121.5%) than Poland aronia and we measured of antioxidant activities by DPPH (IC50) and FRAP assay. Aronia cultivated in C region showed the highest antioxidant activity and polyphenol contents. Cultivation conditions of C region had sufficient sunshine and soil with pH of 6.5. From the above results, Korean aronia had similar activities with Poland aronia, which suggests that it can be a new potential development source and high technological foods. © 2015, Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition. All rights reserved.

Han B.K.,BK Bio Co. | Lee H.J.,Korea University | Lee H.-S.,Agency for Korea National Food Cluster | Suh H.J.,Korea University | Park Y.,Korea University
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2016

BACKGROUND: In this study, the tri-peptides Gly-Glu-Tyr (GEY) and Gly-Tyr-Gly (GYG), identified previously as active compounds from the silk peptide E5K6, significantly stimulated basal and insulin-mediated glucose uptake by 3T3-L1 fibroblasts in a dose-dependent manner. RESULTS: Synthetic GEY and GYG peptides at a concentration of 500 μmol L-1 significantly increased glucose transporter type 4 expression by 157% and 239%, respectively. Differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells into adipocytes leads to accumulation of intracellular fat droplets, and GEY and GYG at a concentration of 250 μmol L-1 suppressed this effect by 72% and 75%, respectively. GYG improved glucose tolerance in steptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice in a dose-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that GYG isolated from E5K6 has anti-diabetic potential and silk waste products containing bioactive peptides could be used to the developments of treatments to lower blood glucose. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.

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