Beckman Coulter Inc., is an American company that makes biomedical laboratory instruments. Founded by Caltech professor Arnold O. Beckman in 1935 as National Technical Laboratories to commercialize a pH meter that he had invented, the company eventually grew to employ over 10,000 people, with $2.4 billion in annual sales by 2004. Its current headquarters are in Brea, California. Wikipedia.
Arda H.E.,University of Massachusetts Medical School |
Taubert S.,University of California at San Francisco |
Taubert S.,University of British Columbia |
MacNeil L.T.,University of Massachusetts Medical School |
And 7 more authors.
Molecular Systems Biology | Year: 2010
Gene regulatory networks (GRNs) provide insights into the mechanisms of differential gene expression at a systems level. GRNs that relate to metazoan development have been studied extensively. However, little is still known about the design principles, organization and functionality of GRNs that control physiological processes such as metabolism, homeostasis and responses to environmental cues. In this study, we report the first experimentally mapped metazoan GRN of Caenorhabditis elegans metabolic genes. This network is enriched for nuclear hormone receptors (NHRs). The NHR family has greatly expanded in nematodes: humans have 48 NHRs, but C. elegans has 284, most of which are uncharacterized. We find that the C. elegans metabolic GRN is highly modular and that two GRN modules predominantly consist of NHRs. Network modularity has been proposed to facilitate a rapid response to different cues. As NHRs are metabolic sensors that are poised to respond to ligands, this suggests that C. elegans GRNs evolved to enable rapid and adaptive responses to different cues by a concurrence of NHR family expansion and modular GRN wiring. © 2010 EMBO and Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Mullikin J.C.,Human Genome Research Institutes |
Hansen N.F.,Human Genome Research Institutes |
Shen L.,Agencourt Bioscience |
Ebling H.,Agencourt Bioscience |
And 15 more authors.
BMC Genomics | Year: 2010
Background: The domestic cat has offered enormous genomic potential in the veterinary description of over 250 hereditary disease models as well as the occurrence of several deadly feline viruses (feline leukemia virus -- FeLV, feline coronavirus -- FECV, feline immunodeficiency virus - FIV) that are homologues to human scourges (cancer, SARS, and AIDS respectively). However, to realize this bio-medical potential, a high density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) map is required in order to accomplish disease and phenotype association discovery.Description: To remedy this, we generated 3,178,297 paired fosmid-end Sanger sequence reads from seven cats, and combined these data with the publicly available 2X cat whole genome sequence. All sequence reads were assembled together to form a 3X whole genome assembly allowing the discovery of over three million SNPs. To reduce potential false positive SNPs due to the low coverage assembly, a low upper-limit was placed on sequence coverage and a high lower-limit on the quality of the discrepant bases at a potential variant site. In all domestic cats of different breeds: female Abyssinian, female American shorthair, male Cornish Rex, female European Burmese, female Persian, female Siamese, a male Ragdoll and a female African wildcat were sequenced lightly. We report a total of 964 k common SNPs suitable for a domestic cat SNP genotyping array and an additional 900 k SNPs detected between African wildcat and domestic cats breeds. An empirical sampling of 94 discovered SNPs were tested in the sequenced cats resulting in a SNP validation rate of 99%.Conclusions: These data provide a large collection of mapped feline SNPs across the cat genome that will allow for the development of SNP genotyping platforms for mapping feline diseases. © 2010 Mullikin et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Jones A.L.,Northumbria University |
Payne G.D.,Northumbria University |
Payne G.D.,Agencourt Bioscience |
Goodfellow M.,Northumbria University
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology | Year: 2010
The taxonomic status of an actinomycete isolated from soil collected from a hay meadow was determined using a polyphasic approach. The strain, designated N1350T, had morphological and chemotaxonomic properties consistent with its classification in the genus Williamsia and formed a distinct phyletic line within the clade comprising the type strains of species of the genus Williamsia in the 16S rRNA gene tree. Strain N1350T shared highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with Williamsia marianensis MT8T (98.1 %) and Williamsia muralis MA140-96T (98.3 %). However, strain N1350T was readily distinguished from the type strains of Williamsia species using a combination of phenotypic properties. On the basis of these data, strain N1350T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Williamsia. The name proposed for this taxon is Williamsia faeni sp. nov., with the type strain N1350T (=DSM 45372T =NCIMB 14575T =NRRL B-24794T). © 2010 IUMS.