Agencia Paulista de Tecnologia e Agronegocios

São Paulo, Brazil

Agencia Paulista de Tecnologia e Agronegocios

São Paulo, Brazil
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Monquero P.A.,Federal University of São Carlos | Hijano N.,Federal University of São Carlos | Orzari I.,Federal University of São Carlos | Dos Santos Sabbag R.,Federal University of São Carlos | Da Silva Hirata A.C.,Agencia Paulista de Tecnologia e Agronegocios
Semina:Ciencias Agrarias | Year: 2012

The grass camalote (Rottboellia exaltata Lf) has been reported as an important weed, may cause economic losses and difficulties in management in several crops. It was determined the seedling emergence of R. exaltata, at different depths of sowing (0, 0.5, 1, 5, 10, 12, 15 and 20 cm) in soils with different textures and pH values. It also assessed the effects of different amounts of straw Mucuna aterrima, Canavalia ensiformis and Crotalaria spectabilis, arranged on the surface or incorporated into the soil on the emergence and weed biomass. In sandy soil, the higher emergence of R. exaltata was 5.0 cm deep. In clay soil the pattern of emergence was similar; however, there was a greater reduction in emergency with the increase in sowing depth. The highest germination rate was observed in soil with pH ranging from 6.8 to 7.0, verifying lower germination in soil not corrected, at pH 5.3.The management of straw more effective in suppressing R. exaltata were 10 t ha-1 of C. spectabilis straw positioned on clayey soil and incorporated on the sandy soil, 5 t ha-1 of C. spectabilis incorporated on the sandy soil.


dos Santos A.B.,State University of Southwest Bahia | Pereira M.L.A.,State University of Southwest Bahia | Azevedo S.T.,State University of Southwest Bahia | Signoretti R.D.,Agencia Paulista de Tecnologia e Agronegocios | And 7 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Saude e Producao Animal | Year: 2012

The silage, sugar cane is a tool that can be used to meet the deficiency of food in the dry year and the addition of microbial silage additives can improve the fermentation and consequently, its food value. The objective was to evaluate the effect of the fresh sugar cane utilization or preserved as silage, with or without microbial addictive, as well as verify the influence of burning sugar cane used in diet crossbred dairy cows on intake and digestibility nutrients, production, milk composition. The animals were divided in a 5x5 latin square to evaluate the effects of fresh cane and four types of cane silage; cane without Lactobacillus buchneri (SCSI); cane with L.buchneri (SCCI); burned cane without L. buchneri (SCQSI); burned cane with L. buchneri (SCQCI). The fresh cane promotes higher dry matter intake and nonfibrous carbohydrates compared with silages. The burning of sugar cane and conservation as silage, with or without microbial additive does not alter the intake and digestibility of nutrients from animals. The use of cane ensilage without bacterial addictive provides lower milk production and crude protein when compared with the other treatments. It is recommended the use of fresh cane for providing animal better performance.


Moreira J.V.,State University of Southwest Bahia | Pereira M.L.A.,State University of Southwest Bahia | Azevedo S.T.,State University of Southwest Bahia | Signoretti R.D.,Agencia Paulista de Tecnologia e Agronegocios | And 2 more authors.
Acta Scientiarum - Animal Sciences | Year: 2014

This study evaluated the effect of using fresh sugar cane, sugar cane silage with or without Lactobacillus buchneri, and burnt sugar cane silage with or without L. buchneri on ingestive behavior, nitrogen balance and synthesis of microbial nitrogen compounds of dairy cows. Five ¾ Holstein x Gir crossbred cows, assigned to a 5 x 5 Latin square design, were given diets with a 60:40 forage: concentrate ratio on a dry matter basis, to meet an average body weight of 550 kg and production of 15 kg of milk per day. The treatment with fresh sugar cane showed higher values (p < 0.05) for dry matter feed efficiency (3,133.3 vs 2,234.47 g DM h-1) and rumination (1,642.3 vs 1,222.93 g DM h-1) compared to the silages. There was a shorter total chewing time (58.7 vs 81.5 min. kg-1 DM) for fresh sugar cane when compared to silages without inoculum. The addition of microbial additive during ensiling of sugar cane did not alter (p > 0.05) the nitrogen intake and balance, but led to a greater (p < 0.05) synthesis of microbial nitrogen. Microbial efficiency was not affected (p > 0.05), and showed an average value of 204.32 g microbial crude protein kg-1 total digestible nutrients. © 2014 Universidade Estadual de Maringa. All rights reserved.


Gimenes L.U.,São Paulo State University | de Carvalho N.A.T.,Agencia Paulista de Tecnologia e Agronegocios | Soares J.G.,University of Sao Paulo | Chiaratti M.R.,University of Sao Paulo | And 5 more authors.
Buffalo Bulletin | Year: 2013

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of type of norgestomet auricular implant (new-N or previously used during 5 days-U), season of the year (summer-S and winter-W), and parity (12 heifers-H and 23 cows-C) on synchronization of follicular wave emergence in buffaloes. For this purpose, 35 buffaloes were examined daily by ultrasonography until follicular wave emergence was detected. Data were analysed by ANOVA, using PROC GLIMMIX. No interactions were observed in none variables. Time of follicular wave emergence and number of follicles at emergence were not affected by type of implant or season of the year. Parity also did not influence the number of follicles at emergence. However, follicular wave emergence occurred later in heifers than in cows. In conclusion, the previous use of a norgestomet auricular implant independent of the season of the year does not affect the time or the number of follicles at follicular wave emergence in buffaloes. Nevertheless, although heifers and cows had a similar number of follicles at emergence, the time of follicular wave emergence occurs earlier in cows than in heifers.


Gimenes L.U.,São Paulo State University | Macabelli C.H.,University of Sao Paulo | de Carvalho N.A.T.,Agencia Paulista de Tecnologia e Agronegocios | Soares J.G.,University of Sao Paulo | And 9 more authors.
Buffalo Bulletin | Year: 2013

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of season of the year (summer and winter) and parity (heifers and cows) on oocyte quality and number in buffaloes. For this purpose, 71 buffaloes had follicular wave emergence synchronized before OPU. OPU of all follicles ≥ 2mm was done 5 days after the beginning of the hormonal protocol, in 4 replicates (two for each season). Data were analyzed by ANOVA using PROC GLIMMIX, in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. No interactions were observed in following variables: number of follicles, number of total and viable oocytes, recovery rate, percentage of viable oocytes, grade I oocytes, grade II oocytes, grade III oocytes, denuded oocytes, expanded cumulus oocytes, and atretic/ degenerated oocytes. Number of follicles visualized at OPU and recovery rate were not affected by parity or season. Relative to parity, number of total and viable oocytes were greater in heifers than in cows, respectively. Concerning season of the year, number of viable oocytes and viable oocyte rate were increased in winter. In conclusion, better oocyte quality can be obtained from heifers and during winter in buffaloes. However, the number of total oocytes seems to be more influenced by parity than by season of the year in this species.

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