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Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: EE-15-2015 | Award Amount: 1.85M | Year: 2016

MSTyr15 (Market Surveillance Action TYRes 2015) will help deliver the economic and environmental benefits of Regulation (EC) No. 1222/2009 on the labelling of tyres with respect to fuel efficiency. It will achieve this by: Coordinating the monitoring, verification and enforcement activities of 13 Market Surveillance Authorities (MSAs) across the Single Market and Turkey; Improving the effectiveness of the MSAs through skills-building training, the provision of guidelines and the promotion of Best Practices. MSTyr15 will enhance the functioning of the European Single Market by ensuring that the tyres regulatory measures are effectively enforced across MS. It will deliver energy savings >105 GWh/year through removing incorrectly labelled tyres from the market. Experience and resources for enforcement have been very limited in many MS since the tyres regulations were introduced in 2009. MSTyr15 includes mechanisms for assisting the skills development of less experienced staff and their authorities, supporting the adoption of common best practices and providing budgets to cover the high costs of testing tyres to the required standards. It will coordinate market surveillance actions involving checks on in excess of 15,000 tyres. It will deliver a higher level of surveillance activities that go beyond testing. The consortium will work closely with other non-participating MSAs across the EEA though its liaison with the Tyres ADCO. Additionally, the MSTyr15 consortium will work together with an Advisory Board comprising of supply-side business, consumer organisations and environmental NGOs. The expected results are: - Adoption of best practices; - Market surveillance being undertaken in a more cost effective and consistent manner; - Increased awareness of and respect for market surveillance by tyres suppliers and users; - Effective enforcement of EC Regulation on the labelling of tyres resulting in substantial energy savings expected to be better than 105 GWh/year.

Navia B.,Complutense University of Madrid | Aparicio A.,Complutense University of Madrid | Perea J.M.,Complutense University of Madrid | Perea J.M.,Alfonso X El Sabio University | And 4 more authors.
Nutricion Hospitalaria | Year: 2014

Introduction: Recent studies have indicated that diets rich in sodium may predispose to the development of obesity, either directly, or be associated with the consumption of foods that promote weight gain. Objetive: The aims of this study were to analyze the association between urinary sodium and the presence of excess of weight. Additionally, the study investigated the relationships between salt intake and dietary habits, as a high salt intake may be associated with inadequate eating habits and a high incidence of obesity. Methods: This study involved 418 adults (196 men and 222 women) aged 18 to 60 years old. Weight, height and waist circumference were measured, and we calculated, BMI and waist/height ratio. Dietary intake was estimated using a "24 h recalls", for two consecutive days, and sodium content was determined from 24 h urine sample. Results: The 34.4% of the population had overweight and 13.6% had obesity. A positive association was seen between BMI and urinary sodium concentration. Urine sodium values were also positively associated with others adiposity indicators such as waist circumference and waist/height ratio. Body weight, BMI, waist circumference, and waist/height ratio were higher in the group of individuals with a urinary sodium excretion ≥ 154 mmol/l (Percentile 50) (P50). Additionally, individuals placed in this group presented a higher caloric intake and total food intake, in particular, more meat, processed food and snacks. Adjusting by energy intake, a higher sodium intake was a risk factor of being overweight or obese (OR = 1.0041, IC 95% 1.0015-1.0067, p < 0.01). Conclusions: Salt intake was associated with obesity; since people with higher sodium intake consumed more energy and presented worse eating habits. Additionally, sodium intake itself appears to be related to obesity.

de Dios T.R.,Agencia Espanola de Consumo | dal Re Saavedra M.A.,Agencia Espanola de Consumo | Villar Villalba C.,Agencia Espanola de Consumo | Perez-Farinos N.,Agencia Espanola de Consumo
Nutricion Hospitalaria | Year: 2015

Background: trans fatty acids are associated to several health disorders, as ischemic heart disease or diabetes mellitus. Objectives: to assess the content of trans fatty acids in products in Spain, and the percentage of trans fatty acids respecting total fatty acids. Methods: 443 food products were acquired in Spain, and they were classified into groups. The content in fatty acids was analyzed using gas chromatography. Estimates of central tendency and variability of the content of trans fatty acids in each food group were computed (in g of trans fatty acids/100 g of product). The percentage of trans fatty acids respecting total fatty acids was calculated in each group. Results: 443 products were grouped into 42 groups. Median of trans fatty acids was less than 0.55 g / 100 g of product in all groups except one. 83 % of groups had less than 2 % of trans fatty acids, and 71 % of groups had less than 1 %. Discussion: the content of trans fatty acids in Spain is low, and it currently doesn’t play a public health problem. © 2015, Grupo Aula Medica S.A. All rights reserved.

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