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Maria de la Salut, Spain

Barberia E.,Institute Of Medicina Legal Of Catalonia | Barberia E.,Rovira i Virgili University | Suelves J.M.,Agencia de Salut Publica de Catalonia | Suelves J.M.,University of Barcelona | And 3 more authors.
Gaceta Sanitaria | Year: 2015

Objective: To study immediate (same day of the collision) and delayed (within 30 days of the collision) deaths due to traffic injuries in Catalonia (Spain) according to forensic sources and to assess the differences between the two kinds of deaths. Material and methods: An observational study was conducted of all the traffic accident deaths registered in the Institute of Legal Medicine of Catalonia between January 1st 2005 and December 31st 2014. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS v.18.0 statistical package. Comparisons of proportions were based on the χ2 test. Results: During the study period, 4044 deaths due to traffic injuries were recorded. Deaths within 30 days included more women, minors, elderly people, and pedestrians than immediate deaths. Conclusions: Traffic injury deaths in the 30 days following a crash differ from immediate deaths. © 2014 SESPAS.

Castell G.S.,Agencia de Salut Publica de Catalonia | Serra-Majem L.,University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | Serra-Majem L.,CIBER ISCIII | Ribas-Barba L.,CIBER ISCIII
Nutricion Hospitalaria | Year: 2015

Diet, along with lifestyle factors, is an important determinant of the health status of an individual and of a community. Dietary assessment at the population level provides us with key information on the frequency and distribution of possible inadequate diets and/or nutritional status. It is also useful as input into the elaboration of food and nutrition policies aiming to improve dietary habits and the health status of a community. This article reviews the characteristics, advantages and limitations of the 24-hour dietary recall method (24hDR), which is one of the most widely used tools in nutrition epidemiology to identify food, energy and nutrient intake in national nutrition surveys, cross-sectional studies, clinical trials and cohort studies as well as in the evaluation of individual dietary intake and Total Diet assessment. To reduce the key factors associated with bias, the importance of previously trained interviewers is highlighted, as well as the role of support materials and the contribution of novel technologies. © 2015, Grupo Aula Medica S.A. All rights reserved.

Castell G.S.,Agencia de Salut Publica de Catalonia | Rodrigo C.P.,Fundacion FIDEC | de la Cruz J.N.,Fundacion para la Investigacion Nutricional | Bartrina J.A.,Fundacion para la Investigacion Nutricional | And 2 more authors.
Nutricion Hospitalaria | Year: 2015

In 1996, the World Food Summit reaffirmed the inalienable right that each person across the globe has to access safe, adequate and nutritious food. At that time a goal was established to reduce by half the number of undernourished persons worldwide by 2015, in other words the year that we are now commencing. Different countries and organisations considered the necessity of reaching consensus and developing indicators for measuring household food insecurity. The availability of a simple but evidence-based measurement method to identify nutritionally at-risk population groups constitutes an essential instrument for implementing strategies that effectively address relevant key issues. © 2015, Grupo Aula Medica S.A. All rights reserved.

Valdivieso-Lopez E.,Institute Catala Of La Salut | Valdivieso-Lopez E.,Institute Universitari dInvestigacio en Atencio Primaria Jordi Gol | Flores-Mateo G.,Institute Universitari dInvestigacio en Atencio Primaria Jordi Gol | Molina-Gomez J.-D.,Institute Universitari dInvestigacio en Atencio Primaria Jordi Gol | And 7 more authors.
BMC Public Health | Year: 2013

Background: Tobacco consumption is the most preventable cause of morbidity-mortality in the world. One aspect of smoking cessation that merits in-depth study is the use of an application designed for smartphones (app), as a supportive element that could assist younger smokers in their efforts to quit. To assess the efficacy of an intervention that includes the assistance of a smoking cessation smartphone application targeted to young people aged 18 to 30 years who are motivated to stop smoking. Methods/design. Cluster randomised clinical trial. Setting: Primary Health Care centres (PHCCs) in Catalonia. Analyses based on intention to treat. Participants: motivated smokers of 10 or more cigarettes per day, aged 18 to 30 years, consulting PHCCs for any reason and who provide written informed consent to participate in the trial. Intervention group will receive a 6-month smoking cessation programme that implements recommendations of a Clinical Practice Guideline, complemented with a smartphone app designed specifically for this programme. Control group will receive the usual care. The outcome measure will be abstinence at 12 months confirmed by exhaled-air carbon monoxide concentration of at least 10 parts per million at each control test. Discussion. To our knowledge this is the first randomised controlled trial of a programme comparing the efficacy of usual care with a smoking cessation intervention involving a mobile app. If effective, the modality could offer a universal public health management approach to this common health concern. Trial registration. NCT01734421. © 2013 Valdivieso-López et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Valero F.P.,Agencia de Salut Publica de Catalonia | Rafart J.V.,Autonomous University of Barcelona
Gaceta Sanitaria | Year: 2014

We performed a descriptive retrospective study of cases of listeriosis occurring in Spain from 2001 to 2007 to determine the burden and trend of this disease in our setting. Several sources of information were used. Epidemiological information was collected from 1.242 cases of listeriosis, representing a mean incidence rate of 0,56 cases per 100.000 inhabitants per year, which was extrapolated as an overall estimate for Spain. The annual incidence showed a statistically significant increasing trend (p <0,001) over the study period. This figure was higher than that reported in Spain (0,16) by the Microbiological Information System, which is voluntary, showing that underreporting exists. The inclusion of listeriosis in the Mandatory Notification System would allow determination of the distribution and characteristics of this infection in humans, as well as promotion of effective prevention and control. © 2013 SESPAS.

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