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Mansotte F.,Agence Regionale de Sante Aquitaine | Rey O.,Agence Regionale de Sante Guyane | Maison D.,Organisation Mondiale de la Sante | Cesa V.,Agence Regionale de Sante Guyane | Van Gastel B.,Agence Regionale de Sante Guyane
Environnement, Risques et Sante | Year: 2012

During a cholera epidemic in 1991 in French Guiana, specific prevention measures were implemented, including the installation of public taps in insalubrious residential areas. Inadequate planning resulted in their deterioration or disappearance. In 2007, impelled by the French High Council for Public Health, action was again taken to "improve the quality of potable water for those who do not have access to it" in French Guiana. As during the cholera epidemic in 1991, public taps were installed under supervision of the authorities, this time working with prepaid cards. This technical solution could not have been implemented without the strong involvement of parties involved in urban policy and social mediation. Among the important issues to come is an assessment of the technical options chosen.

Mansotte F.,Agence regionale de sante Aquitaine | Dejean G.,Agence regionale de sante Aquitaine | Renault C.,Agence regionale de sante Aquitaine
Techniques - Sciences - Methodes | Year: 2012

In June 2009, for the first time in France, a large local authority (the Greater Bordeaux, CUB) was affected by the contamination of part of its drinking water distribution network by the ETBE (a product which is not part of the French sanitary control regulation). Following the reporting of odors of « ether » by some customers to Lyonnaise des Eaux, the company in charge of managing CUB's facilities, specific measures were conducted concerning stopping the contaminated resource, draining the network, superchlorination, monitoring taste and odors by trained water tasters, analytical researches, emergency water supplying, epidemiological surveillance⋯ Following this episode, the local authority and its delegatee pressed charges « against X ». On March 15, 2010, the government agency Afssa issued a notice of assessment of health risks associated with the presence of ETBE in water intended for human consumption. The restart of the water treatment plant of Gamarde was authorized by prefectural decree dated March 29, 2010, subjected to the reserve of setting up a stripping facility, updating the protection perimeters regarding this accidental pollution and introducing specific monitoring dispositions.

Mansotte F.,Agence Regionale de Sante Aquitaine | Elissalt M.,Agence Regionale de Sante Aquitaine | Berdoy D.,Agence Regionale de Sante Aquitaine | Fernandez V.,Agence Regionale de Sante Aquitaine | And 5 more authors.
Journal Europeen d'Hydrologie | Year: 2012

French health regulations applicable to public swimming pools - i.e. other than those for the personal use - belong to the National Code of Public Health and prescribes that mandatory control is carried out by Regional Health Agencies (RHA). RHA can either sample or delegate this task to laboratories entrusted to perform the official water quality monitoring. In 2009, the RHA of Aquitaine made a priority of inspecting 50 public and private pools operated year round in the district of Gironde. Objectives were to (i) update technical informations officially declared on swimming pools; (ii) remind swimming-pool managers the regulations they have to follow, (iii) review the specific situation of each swimming pool and also their level on the whole. From the outset, it was decided not to control safety rules (as this does not fall in the RHA responsibilities), nor to take stock of the results of monthly analysis carried out for these facilities, or even to cross match the latter results with findings on their design and maintenance. Inspections in 2009 and 2010 led to pinpoint 214 major points, reported in 50 letters sent to managers of surveyed places and focusing on non-compliance with design rules, but also in a number of cases on maintenance of the facilities, update of the sanitary logbook and information to the public. Overall, the 214 major issues raised fall into 15 main themes. Five "inspection" themes represent more than two thirds of the remarks made (146/214 = 68.2%): storage of chemicals (21 occurrences), poor connection of wastewater/storm water networks (24 occurrences), poor self-monitoring of water quality or poor update of the sanitary logbook (24 occurrences) and poor maintenance of facilities (28 occurrences) as well as problems of design or maintenance of water treatment facilities (49 occurrences). This investigation allowed reminding the operators that they have to ensure that they comply with rules that do cost little or even no money, such as displaying mandatory information, updating their sanitary logbook, performing field tests, abiding by administrative regulation, using authorized water-treatment reagents and intensive maintenance of their facility. © ASEES, 2012.

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