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Soumarova R.,Comprehensive Cancer Center | Soumarova R.,University of Ostrava | Soumarova R.,AGEL Research and Training Institute Novy Jicin Branch | Boday A.,AGEL Laboratory | And 12 more authors.
Neoplasma | Year: 2015

Prostate specific antigen and digital rectal examination have low specificity for detecting prostate cancer and they poorly predict the presence of aggressive disease. We present recent findings on PCA3 and TMPRSS:ERG fusion and assessed the relationship between PSA, urine PCA3 and TMPRSS2:ERG and corelation with pathological findings. We tested the PCA3 score in two groups. The first comprised 96 men treated in urology out-patient units with suspicion of prostate cancer, who had elevated PSA and/or positive DRE. The second group comprised 28 patients, who were treated by radiation for localised prostate cancer, and whose PCA3 was regularly monitored. A further cohort comprised patients with already-diagnosed tumors, who had undergone radical prostatectomy. With these, using histopathological samples, we examined samples of the TMPRSS2:ERG fusion gene and compared the results with Gleason score values and level of PSA. We also examined the TMPRSS2:ERG gene in patients who had positive biopsy. Part of the genetical analysis was also an examination of the MSMB gene.The sensitivity of PCA3 testing was 66.7% and the specificity 78.5%. TMPRSS2:ERG gene was correllated with the Gleason score. Neither the TMPRSS2:ERG (p=0.13) nor the MSMB (p=0.556) genotype had an influence on the value of the Gleason score. However a difference was found between the homozygote and wild type (WT) in the TMPRSS2 gene.FISH analysis of TMPRSS/ERG gene fusion was evaluated as positive in 8 (36.8%) of the biopsically verified tumors and in 20 (37.3%) of the evaluated patients after RAPE of parafin slicing.We did not confirm a corellation between fusion and Gleason score (p=0.29).PCA3, with its higher sensitivity in comparison with PSA, is more useful for eventual screening examination. Identification of further molecular markers such as TMPRSS2, may be very promising ways to determine further prognosis of patients with prostate cancer. © 2015 Cancer Research Institute Slovak Acad. of Sciences. All rights reserved. Source

Brejcha M.,Hospital Novy Jicin | Stoklasova M.,AGEL Research and Training Institute Novy Jicin Branch | Brychtova Y.,Masaryk University | Panovska A.,Masaryk University | And 8 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2014

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients may acquire new chromosome abnormalities during the course of their disease. Clonal evolution (CE) has been detected by conventional chromosome banding (CBA), several groups also confirmed CE with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). At present, there are minimal prospective data on CE frequency determined using a combination of both methods. Therefore, the aim of our study was to prospectively assess CE frequency using a combination of FISH and CBA after stimulation with CpG oligonucleotides and interleukin-2.Between 2008 and 2012, we enrolled 140 patients with previously untreated CLL in a prospective trial evaluating CE using FISH and CBA after stimulation. Patients provided baseline and regular follow-up peripheral blood samples for testing.There was a median of 3 cytogenetic examinations (using both methods) per patient. CE was detected in 15.7% (22/140) of patients using FISH, in 28.6% (40/140) using CBA, and in 34.3% (48/140) of patients by combining both methods. Poor-prognosis CE (new deletion 17p, new deletion 11q or new complex karyotype) was detected in 15% (21/140) of patients and was significantly associated with previous CLL treatment (p= 0.013).CBA provides more complex information about cytogenetic abnormalities in CLL patients than FISH and confirms that many patients can acquire new abnormalities during the course of their disease in a relatively short time period. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Sipek A.,Charles University | Grodecka L.,Center for Cardiovascular Surgery and Transplantation | Grodecka L.,Masaryk University | Baxova A.,Charles University | And 8 more authors.
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A | Year: 2014

Marfan syndrome (MFS) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the fibrillin 1 gene (FBN1). Neonatal form of MFS is rare and is associated with severe phenotype and a poor prognosis. We report on a newborn girl with neonatal MFS who displayed cyanosis and dyspnea on the first day of life. The main clinical features included mitral and tricuspid valve insufficiency, aortic root dilatation, arachnodactyly, and loose skin. Despite the presence of severe and inoperable heart anomalies, the girl was quite stable on symptomatic treatment and lived up to the 7th month of age when she died due to cardiorespiratory failure. Molecular-genetic studies revealed a novel intronic c.4211-32_-13del mutation in the FBN1 gene. Subsequent in vitro splicing analysis showed this mutation led to exon 35 skipping, presumably resulting in a deletion of 42 amino acids (p.Leu1405_Asp1446del). Interestingly, this mutation is localized outside the region of exons 24-32, whose mutation is responsible for the substantial majority of cases of neonatal MFS. Although the family history of MFS was negative, the subsequent molecular genetic examination documented a mosaicism of the same mutation in the maternal blood cells (10-25% of genomic DNA) and the detailed clinical examination showed unilateral lens ectopy. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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