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Ahn S.Y.,Age Related and Brain Diseases Research Center | Choi Y.-S.,Age Related and Brain Diseases Research Center | Koo H.-J.,Age Related and Brain Diseases Research Center | Jeong J.H.,Age Related and Brain Diseases Research Center | And 4 more authors.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects | Year: 2010

Background: Atherosclerosis is one of the major complications of diabetes, which may result from insulin resistance via mitochondrial dysfunction. Although a strong association between insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease has been suggested, it is not clear yet whether stress-inducing factors damage mitochondria and insulin signaling pathway in cardiovascular tissues. Methods: We investigated whether stress-induced mitochondrial dysfunction might alter the insulin/Akt signaling pathway in A10 rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Results: The treatment of oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) decreased ATP contents, mitochondrial respiration activity, mRNA expressions of OXPHOS subunits and IRS-1/2 and insulin-mediated phosphorylations of Akt and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Similarly, dideoxycytidine (ddC), the mtDNA replication inhibitor, or rotenone, OXPHOS complex I inhibitor, inhibited the insulin-mediated pAkt while increased pAMPK regardless of insulin. Reciprocally, an inhibitor of Akt, triciribine (TCN), decreased cellular ATP contents. Overexpression of Akt dominant positive reversed the oxLDL- or ddC-mediated ATP decrease but AMPK activator did not. Akt activation also normalized the aberrant VSMC migration induced by ddC. Conclusions: Defective insulin signaling and mitochondrial function may collectively contribute to developing cardiovascular disease. General significance: Akt may be a possible therapeutic target for treating insulin resistance-associated atherosclerosis. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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