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Salami A.O.,African Development Bank AfDB | Stampini M.,African Development Bank AfDB | Stampini M.,Social Protection and Health Division | Kamara A.B.,Sudan Field Office | And 3 more authors.
Water International | Year: 2014

This paper compares countries' performance in the water and sanitation sector and analyzes how effectively they used the development aid targeted for this sector. These analyses are validated by presentation of the water and sanitation situation of four case-study countries: Kenya, Madagascar, Burkina Faso and Uganda. The paper also utilizes the innovative Watsan Index of Development Effectiveness, which compares drivers of progress with results achieved and ranks African countries by the level of outcome obtained per unit of available input in the four case-study countries. © 2014 © 2014 African Development Bank.

Tchidjou H.K.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Goli L.-P.K.,National Bureau of Technical Studies and Development | Ly M.,African Development Bank AfDB | Zekeng L.,United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS UNAIDS | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Tropical Pediatrics | Year: 2012

In sub-Saharan Africa, newborns and children continue to suffer from insufficient access to early diagnosis and antiretroviral (ARV) treatments. A survey had been conducted in Burkina Faso, Ghana and Ivory Coast, from January 2010 to February 2011 to identify the major challenges regarding HIV prophylaxis and treatment of children in western Africa. The results of this survey highlight that only a small proportion of HIV-exposed newborns receive ARV prophylaxis. However, this problem is often not perceived at the national level. The problem could be faced by improving the communication process between the peripheral health services and the national procurement system. Moreover, supporting the development of local pharmaceutical industries could facilitate the availability of child-sized drugs, contextualized to the socio-cultural needs of such area, adequate not only in terms of efficacy, safety and tolerability, but also in terms of palatability, storage, distribution and cost. © The Author [2012]. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

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