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Xu B.,Nanjing Southeast University | Shao Q.,Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College | Xie K.,Nanjing Medical University | Zhang Y.,Nanjing Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2016

Background/Aims: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common histotype of Thyroid cancer (TC). Here, we detected the differentially expressed lncRNAs in tumor tissues and non-tumor tissues of PTC patients by lncRNA microarrays, and explored the function and molecular mechanisms of lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of PTC using a PTC cell line. Methods: CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay and EdU assay were used to detect the cell viability. Flow Cytometry was used to detect the cell cycle and apoptosis. Transwell and scratch assay were used to detect the cell motility. Results: CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay and EdU assay revealed that lncRNAs (ENST00000537266 and ENST00000426615) could inhibit cell proliferation. Cell cycle analysis showed that cell proportion was statistically significant increased in G1 phase and decreased in S phase and G2 phase in Si-266 transfected TPC-1 cells. In addition, a noteworthy increase of cell proportion in G1 phase accompanied by a decrease in S phase and unchanged G2 phase in Si-615 transfected TPC-1 cells were also observed. Meanwhile, transwell and scratch assay showed that ENST00000426615 could inhibit the cell motility while ENST00000537266 could not. Conclusion: Our results showed that lncRNAs (ENST00000426615 and ENST00000537266) might be important regulators of PTC cell proliferation and motility, which might provide new insight into the understanding of PTC pathogenesis. © 2016 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.

Chen X.,Nanjing Medical University | Chen X.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Rong S.S.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | Xu Q.,Nanjing Medical University | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of severe vision loss in elderly people. Diabetes mellitus is a common endocrine disorder with serious consequences, and diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the main ophthalmic complication. DR and AMD are different diseases and we seek to explore the relationship between diabetes and AMD. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched for potentially eligible studies. Studies based on longitudinal cohort, cross-sectional, and case-control associations, reporting evaluation data of diabetes as an independent factor for AMD were included. Reports of relative risks (RRs), hazard ratios (HRs), odds ratio (ORs), or evaluation data of diabetes as an independent factor for AMD were included. Review Manager and STATA were used for the meta-analysis. Twenty four articles involving 27 study populations were included for meta-analysis. In 7 cohort studies, diabetes was shown to be a risk factor for AMD (OR, 1.05; 95% CI, 1.00-1.14). Results of 9 cross-sectional studies revealed consistent association of diabetes with AMD (OR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.00-1.45), especially for late AMD (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.44-1.51). Similar association was also detected for AMD (OR, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.13-1.49) and late AMD (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.11-1.21) in 11 case-control studies. The pooled ORs for risk of neovascular AMD (nAMD) were 1.10 (95% CI, 0.96-1.26), 1.48 (95% CI, 1.44-1.51), and 1.15 (95% CI, 1.11-1.21) from cohort, cross-sectional and case-control studies, respectively. No obvious divergence existed among different ethnic groups. Therefore, we find diabetes a risk factor for AMD, stronger for late AMD than earlier stages. However, most of the included studies only adjusted for age and sex; we thus cannot rule out confounding as a potential explanation for the association. More well-designed prospective cohort studies are still warranted to further examine the association. © 2014 PLOS ONE.

Shen D.,Sun Yat Sen University | Shen D.,Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College | Guo C.-C.,Sun Yat Sen University | Wang J.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 7 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2015

Glioma is one of the most common primary tumors of the central nervous system in adults. Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most lethal type of glioma, whose 5-year survival is 9.8% at best. Glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) play an important role in recurrence and treatment resistance. MGMT is a DNA repair protein that removes DNA adducts and therefore attenuates treatment efficiency. It has been reported that interferon-α/β (IFN-α/β) downregulates the level of MGMT and sensitizes glioma cells to temozolomide. In the present study, we assessed whether IFN-α/β is able to sensitize GSCs to temozolomide by modulating MGMT expression. Upon the treatment of IFN-α/β, the efficacy of temozolomide against MGMT-positive GSCs was markedly enhanced by combination treatment with IFN-α/β when compared with the temozolomide single agent group, and MGMT expression was markedly decreased at the same time. Further mechanistic study showed that IFN-α/β suppressed the NF-κB activity, which further mediated the sensitization of MGMT-positive GSCs to temozolomide. Our data therefore demonstrated that the application of IFN-α/β is a promising agent with which to enhance temozolomide efficiency and reduce drug resistance, and our findings shed light on improving clinical outcomes and prolonging the survival of patients with malignant gliomas.

Wang W.-X.,Jiangsu University | Lin Q.-F.,Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College | Shen D.,Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College | Liu S.-P.,Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College | And 3 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

Several studies have indicated that overexpression of stomatin-like protein 2 (SLP-2) has been identified in several types of cancer. However, its role and clinical relevance in gallbladder cancer (GBC) is unknown. The purpose of this study was to reveal the prognostic significance of SLP-2 in GBC. The SLP-2 expression was examined atmRNA and protein levels by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and immunohistochemistry in GBC tissues and adjacent noncancerous tissues. Statistical analyses were applied to test the associations between SLP-2 expression, clinicopathologic factors, and prognosis. Immunohistochemistry and qRT-PCR showed that the protein and mRNA expression levels of SLP-2 were both significantly higher in GBC tissues than in adjacent noncancerous tissues. In addition, immunohistochemistry analysis showed that SLP-2 expression was significantly correlated with histological grade (P <0.001), pathologic T stage (P=0.019), clinical stage (P=0.001), and lymph node metastasis (P=0.026). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves indicated that patients with high expression of SLP-2 had shorter overall survival than those with low expression (P <0.001). Meanwhile, the Cox multivariate analysis indicated that high expressions of SLP-2 were an independent prognostic factor for patients with GBC. These data showed that SLP-2 may play an important role in human GBC tumorigenesis, and SLP-2 might serve as a novel prognostic marker in human GBC.

Shen W.,Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College | Cao X.,Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College | Xi L.,Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College | Deng L.,Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2012

The G801A polymorphism in the CXCL12 gene has been implicated in breast cancer risk. However, the published findings are inconsistent. We therefore performed a meta-analysis to investigate this relationship. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the strength of the association. The pooled ORs were performed for codominant model, dominant model, and recessive model, respectively. Five published case-control studies, including 1,058 breast cancer cases and 1,023 controls were identified. No study had a deviation from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) in controls. We found that the CXCL12 G801A (rs1801157) polymorphism was associated with a significantly increased risk of breast cancer risk when all studies were pooled into the metaanalysis (codomiant model: AA versus GG, OR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.16-2.33; GA versus GG, OR = 1.42, 95% CI = 1.18-1.71; dominant model: AA/GA versus GG, OR = 1.44, 95% CI = 1.21-1.72). Furthermore, Egger's test did not show any evidence of publication bias (P > 0.05 for the dominant model). In conclusion, the results suggest that the CXCL12 G801A polymorphism may be a low-penetrant risk factor for developing breast cancer. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

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