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Zuo H.L.,307th Hospital Affiliated to Academy of Military Medical science
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2010

This study was aimed to explore the effectiveness of sequential and quantitative detection method for analysing donor chimerism (DC). In order to simulate a mouse model of haploidentical stem cell transplantation, C57BL/6 male mice were used as donors, while CB6F1 female mice were used as recipients and were divided into 2 groups. The two groups of recipients were irradiated with 2 Gy and 6 Gy from (CO gamma-ray source respectively, and then were inoculated intravenously with bone marrow cells (BMCs) and spleen mononuclear cells (SPMNCs). Quantitative analyses of DC were performed with real-time PCR or flow cytometry (FCM) on different days after transplantation. The results showed that real-time PCR and FCM both have advantages and disadvantages in the detection of DC. When DC amount in group of 6 Gy was > 90% with stable macrochimerism for more than 3 months, the efficacy of detection by FCM was well; while the DC amount in group of 2 Gy was below 10% and gradually transformed to different forms of microchimerism until disappeared, in which condition the use of real time-PCR was more appropriate. It is concluded that FCM can detect macrochimerism with high accuracy but would fail when DC amount is less than 1% due to sensitivity limitation, while the real time-PCR is more sensitive for detecting microchimerism but lack of accuracy for detecting macrochimerism. Combination of the two methods can afford sensitive and accurate tool for quantitative analysis of chimerism in mouse model of transplantation and adoptive immunotherapy. Source


Sun X.-D.,307th Hospital Affiliated to Academy of Military Medical science | Sang J.-L.,307th Hospital Affiliated to Academy of Military Medical science | Ai H.-S.,307th Hospital Affiliated to Academy of Military Medical science
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology | Year: 2014

The microchimerism is a status of the microcell or DNA of an individual in another one with genetic differences. Taking an overall view about the discovery and research of the microchimerism, it was found that although the study of the microchimerism emphasizes the formation, origin, distribution, type, relationship to disease and several other aspects, the objects of the study are always the microchimerism that obtained naturally. As it is known to all, the microchimerism can also be produced in some clinical treatment, such as in the transplant and transfusion, but compared with the microchimerism gained naturally, obviously, the study for the iatrogenic microchimerism formed in the treatment is not elaborate enough. The curative effect of micro transplantation, a new technique for leukemia treatment, is obvious, but its mechanism is unclear, whether that is related to microchimerism still needs further research. This review summarizes the study history and perspective of the microchimerism so as to provide some ideas for studying the action mechanism of microchimerism in micro transplantation. Source

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