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Wang Z.H.,Xian Jiaotong University | Li X.L.,Xian Jiaotong University | He X.J.,Xian Jiaotong University | Wu B.J.,Xian Jiaotong University | And 8 more authors.
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research | Year: 2014

SRY-related high-mobility-group box 9 (Sox9) gene is a cartilage-specific transcription factor that plays essential roles in chondrocyte differentiation and cartilage formation. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of genetic delivery of Sox9 to enhance chondrogenic differentiation of human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs). After they were isolated from human umbilical cord blood within 24 h after delivery of neonates, hUC-MSCs were untreated or transfected with a human Sox9-expressing plasmid or an empty vector. The cells were assessed for morphology and chondrogenic differentiation. The isolated cells with a fibroblast-like morphology in monolayer culture were positive for the MSC markers CD44, CD105, CD73, and CD90, but negative for the differentiation markers CD34, CD45, CD19, CD14, or major histocompatibility complex class II. Sox9 overexpression induced accumulation of sulfated proteoglycans, without altering the cellular morphology. Immunocytochemistry demonstrated that genetic delivery of Sox9 markedly enhanced the expression of aggrecan and type II collagen in hUC-MSCs compared with empty vector-transfected counterparts. Reverse transcriptionpolymerase chain reaction analysis further confirmed the elevation of aggrecan and type II collagen at the mRNA level in Sox9- transfected cells. Taken together, short-term Sox9 overexpression facilitates chondrogenesis of hUC-MSCs and may thus have potential implications in cartilage tissue engineering.

Guo Y.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Kang W.,Affiliated Hospital of Xian Medical University | Lei X.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Li Y.,323 Hospital | And 5 more authors.
BMC Genomics | Year: 2012

Background: The core protein (HBc) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been implicated in the malignant transformation of chronically-infected hepatocytes and displays pleiotropic functions, including RNA- and DNA-binding activities. However, the mechanism by which HBc interacts with the human genome to exert effects on hepatocyte function remains unknown. This study investigated the distribution of HBc binding to promoters in the human genome and evaluated its effects on the related genes' expression.Results: Whole-genome chromatin immunoprecipitation microarray (ChIP-on-chip) analysis was used to identify HBc-bound human gene promoters. Gene Ontology and pathway analyses were performed on related genes. The quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay was used to verify ChIP-on-chip results. Five novel genes were selected for luciferase reporter assay evaluation to assess the influence of HBc promoter binding. The HBc antibody immunoprecipitated approximately 3100 human gene promoters. Among these, 1993 are associated with known biological processes, and 2208 regulate genes with defined molecular functions. In total, 1286 of the related genes mediate primary metabolic processes, and 1398 encode proteins with binding activity. Sixty-four of the promoters regulate genes related to the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, and 41 regulate Wnt/beta-catenin pathway genes. The reporter gene assay indicated that HBc binding up-regulates proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase (SRC), type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R), and neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptor 2 (NTRK2), and down-regulates v-Ha-ras Harvey rat sarcoma viral oncogene (HRAS).Conclusion: HBc has the ability to bind a large number of human gene promoters, and can disrupt normal host gene expression. Manipulation of the transcriptional profile in HBV-infected hepatocytes may represent a key pathogenic mechanism of HBV infection. © 2012 Guo et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Li C.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Ji Y.,Affiliated Hospital of Xian Medical University | Wang C.,Central South University | Liang S.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 6 more authors.
Nanoscale Research Letters | Year: 2014

Successful development of safe and highly effective nanoprobes for targeted imaging of in vivo early gastric cancer is a great challenge. Herein, we choose the CdSe/ZnS (core-shell) quantum dots (QDs) as prototypical materials, synthesized one kind of a new amphiphilic polymer including dentate-like alkyl chains and multiple carboxyl groups, and then used the prepared amphiphilic polymer to modify QDs. The resultant amphiphilic polymer engineered QDs (PQDs) were conjugated with BRCAA1 and Her2 monoclonal antibody, and prepared BRCAA1 antibody- and Her2 antibody-conjugated QDs were used for in vitro MGC803 cell labeling and in vivo targeted imaging of gastric cancer cells. Results showed that the PQDs exhibited good water solubility, strong photoluminescence (PL) intensity, and good biocompatibility. BRCAA1 antibody- and Her2 antibody-conjugated QD nanoprobes successfully realized targeted imaging of in vivo gastric cancer MGC803 cells. In conclusion, BRCAA1 antibody- and Her2 antibody-conjugated PQDs have great potential in applications such as single cell labeling and in vivo tracking, and targeted imaging and therapeutic effects' evaluation of in vivo early gastric cancer cells in the near future. © 2014 Li et al.; licensee Springer.

Xu G.-Z.,Xian Jiaotong University | Xu G.-Z.,Affiliated Hospital of Xian Medical University | Wang M.-D.,Xian Jiaotong University | Liu K.-G.,Affiliated Hospital of Xian Medical University | Bai Y.-A.,Affiliated Hospital of Xian Medical University
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery | Year: 2014

Remote epidural hematoma (REDH) is an uncommon complication of decompressive craniectomy. Remote epidural hematomas of the parietal occiput region have been reported only rarely. We report a unique case of delayed-onset bilateral extensive straddle postsagittal sinus and bilateral lateral sinus parietal occiput REDH after decompressive craniectomy, of which volume was approximately 130 mL, with left deviating midline structures. The patient was immediately taken back to the operating room for evacuation of the REDH via bilateral parietal and occiput craniectomy. Postoperatively, serial computed tomographic scans performed 3 days later showed that the REDH had been completely evacuated. Two months later, the patient regained full consciousness and obtained a near-complete recovery except for right facial paralysis. Copyright © 2014 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.

Du J.,Xian Jiaotong University | Li R.,Affiliated Hospital of Xian Medical University | Xu L.,Xian Jiaotong University | Ma R.,Xian Jiaotong University | And 4 more authors.
Current Eye Research | Year: 2016

Purpose: To compare serum levels of chemerin in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with or without retinopathy, and to investigate the relationship between serum chemerin levels and diabetes retinopathy.Materials and methods: A total of 60 T2DM patients and 20 healthy subjects (control group) were enrolled in this study. Of the T2DM patients, 15 had proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR group), 20 had non-proliferative retinopathy (NPDR group) and 25 had no retinopathy (T2DM group). Their serum samples were collected for testing the levels of chemerin, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), C-reactive protein (CRP) and so on. The values were analyzed to compare the differences among the groups. Simple linear regression analysis and multiple stepwise linear regression analysis were used to determine the correlations between variables and chemerin. Trend chi-square was used to determine the correlations between chemerin and the severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR).Results: Chemerin levels in group PDR, NPDR and no DR were 147.56 ± 35.98 g/l, 128.09 ± 16.33 g/l and 113.19 ± 19.89 g/l, with the significant difference across the three groups (p < 0.05). But there was no difference between control group (109.55 ± 20.98 g/l) and T2DM group. Simple linear regression show that serum chemerin was correlated with duration of diabetes, body mass index (BMI), serum triglycerides, total-cholesterol, CRP and VEGF, and not correlated with age, systolic and diastolic blood pressure in T2DM patients. Stepwise regression analysis showed that BMI, CRP and VEGF were significantly associated with serum chemerin (p = 0.006, p = 0.011 and p = 0.036, respectively). In addition, the more severity of DR as the chemerin levels increased (χ2 = 16.07, p < 0.001).Conclusions: Serum levels of chemerin were significantly increased in the NPDR and PDR group. Elevated serum level of chemerin and its positive correlation with BMI, CRP and VEGF suggested that chemerin was associated with obesity, inflammation and neovascularization and might be involved in the development of DR. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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