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Li L.,Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College Guiyang | Zhao Y.W.,Capital Medical University | Zeng J.S.,Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College Guiyang | Fan F.,Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College Guiyang | And 3 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2013

This study aimed to investigate the expression levels of the Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) and NF-κB in renal tissues of diabetic nephropathy (DN) rats, and to determine the underlying molecular targets of rituximab (RTX), with the goal of developing new clinical treatment selection for DN. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a normal group (N), a DN group (M), and an RTX treatment group (D). Blood glucose and 24-h urine protein levels of rats were determined. The expression levels of RKIP and NF-κB in glomerular tissues were determined by immunohistochemistry staining and Western blotting. Comparisons between the M and N groups revealed that the concentrations of blood glucose and 24-h urine protein were significantly increased by DN (P < 0.01), and the expression levels of RKIP and NF-κB were significantly decreased and increased (P < 0.05), respectively. In the D group, the expression levels of RKIP and NF-κB were, respectively, upregulated and downregulated by RTX, and the concentrations of 24-h urine protein were also decreased by RTX. These results suggest that expression levels of RKIP might be regulated by RTX via NF-κB. This pathway could play an important role in the development and pathogenesis of DN. Therefore, RTX could be selected for clinical treatment of DN. ©FUNPEC-RP.


PubMed | Chongqing Cancer Institute Chongqing, Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College Guiyang and Chongqing Medical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental medicine | Year: 2015

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is characterized by a high frequency of nodal and distant metastasis at diagnosis. Microvessel density (MVD) is an indicator for angiogenesis that has been shown to correlate with metastasis of cancers. Evidence regarding the roles of MVD in NPC has rarely been reported. Thus, we aimed to investigate the state of angiogenesis in NPC. CD34 and TWIST were detected in sixty-five NPC specimens by immunohistochemistry, respectively. Then, MVD and its association with clinical features as well as TWIST expression have been assessed. As a result, MVD was closely related to cancer progression as reflected by distant metastasis (P < 0.05), and nevertheless, the data failed to show its association with lymph node metastasis and other clinicophathological features (P > 0.05). Interestingly, a marked correlation between TWIST positive expression with increased MVD was observed. The results suggested that MVD might play important roles in the development of NPC and TWIST might promote cancer progression by facilitating angiogenesis. Further studies are needed to confirm the results.


PubMed | Chongqing Cancer Institute Chongqing and Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College Guiyang
Type: Journal Article | Journal: American journal of cancer research | Year: 2015

Evidence suggests that over-expression of TWIST, an epithelial-mesenchymal transition inducer, might have a correlation with cancer progression and chemoresistance. However, its roles in radioresistance of cancer have rarely been reported. High TWIST expression was detected in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and associated with poor prognosis. Thus, in the present study, we aimed to determine whether knockdown of TWIST can increase radiosensitivity of NPC cells. Chitosan-encapsulated TWIST-siRNA nanoparticles were constructed and used to silence TWIST expression in CNE2 cells. The cell viability and apoptosis as well as possible MAPKs pathways were assessed after irradiation treatment. The results showed that the nanoparticles successfully suppressed TWIST expression in CNE2 cells, and TWIST depletion significantly sensitized CNE2 cells to irradiation by inducing activation of ERK pathway but not JNK or p-38 pathways. The data suggested that TWIST depletion might be a promising approach sensitizing NPC cells to irradiation. Further investigations are needed to confirm the results.


PubMed | Chongqing Cancer Institute Chongqing, Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang Medical College Guiyang and Chongqing Medical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of clinical and experimental pathology | Year: 2015

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been implicated in the development of a number of cancers. An important EMT inducer, TWIST, has been detected to be over-expressed in a variety of tumors, but rarely been studied in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). This study aimed to examine TWIST expression and its association with clinicopathological factors and prognosis in NPC. A total of 65 NPC and 20 normal samples were involved in the present study. RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry were used to examine the mRNA and protein expressions of TWIST in NPC and normal tissues. The relationship of TWIST expression levels with clinical features and prognosis of NPC patients were analyzed. The positive rate of TWIST expression was markedly higher in NPC tissues than that in normal tissues. Over-expression of TWIST was correlated with N stage and the presence of distant metastasis. Patients with positive TWIST expression had a significantly shorter overall survival time relative to patients with negative TWIST expression. The data suggest that TWIST over-expression has a correlation with lymphatic and distant metastasis in NPC. Moreover, it might be a novel biomarker for prediction of advanced tumor progression and a potential unfavorable prognostic factor as well as a potential treatment target for NPC.

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