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Petaja T.,University of Helsinki | De Leeuw G.,University of Helsinki | De Leeuw G.,Finnish Meteorological Institute | Lappalainen H.K.,University of Helsinki | And 13 more authors.
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering | Year: 2014

Human activities put an increasing stress on the Earth' environment and push the safe and sustainable boundaries of the vulnerable eco-system. It is of utmost importance to gauge with a comprehensive research program the current status of the environment, particularly in the most vulnerable locations. The Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) is a new multidisciplinary research program aiming at resolving the major uncertainties in the Earth system science and global sustainability questions in the Arctic and boreal Pan-Eurasian regions. The PEEX program aims to (i) understand the Earth system and the influence of environmental and societal changes in both pristine and industrialized Pan-Eurasian environments, (ii) establish and sustain long-term, continuous and comprehensive ground-based airborne and seaborne research infrastructures, and utilize satellite data and multi-scale model frameworks filling the gaps of the insitu observational network, (iii) contribute to regional climate scenarios in the northern Pan-Eurasia and determine the relevant factors and interactions influencing human and societal wellbeing (iv) promote the dissemination of PEEX scientific results and strategies in scientific and stake-holder communities and policy making, (v) educate the next generation of multidisciplinary global change experts and scientists, and (vi) increase the public awareness of climate change impacts in the Pan- Eurasian region. In this contribution, we underline general features of the satellite observations relevant to the PEEX research program and how satellite observations connect to the ground-based observations. © 2014 SPIE..


Kulmala M.,University of Helsinki | Lappalainen H.K.,University of Helsinki | Lappalainen H.K.,Finnish Meteorological Institute | Petaja T.,University of Helsinki | And 17 more authors.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics | Year: 2015

The Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) is a multidisciplinary, multiscale and multicomponent research, research infrastructure and capacity-building program. PEEX has originated from a bottom-up approach by the science communities and is aiming at resolving the major uncertainties in Earth system science and global sustainability issues concerning the Arctic and boreal pan-Eurasian regions, as well as China. The vision of PEEX is to solve interlinked, global grand challenges influencing human well-being and societies in northern Eurasia and China. Such challenges include climate change; air quality; biodiversity loss; urbanization; chemicalization; food and freshwater availability; energy production; and use of natural resources by mining, industry, energy production and transport sectors. Our approach is integrative and supra-disciplinary, recognizing the important role of the Arctic and boreal ecosystems in the Earth system. The PEEX vision includes establishing and maintaining long-term, coherent and coordinated research activities as well as continuous, comprehensive research and educational infrastructure and related capacity-building across the PEEX domain. In this paper we present the PEEX structure and summarize its motivation, objectives and future outlook. © 2015 Author(s).


Bondur V.G.,AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace Monitoring | Ginzburg A.S.,Russian Academy of Sciences
Doklady Earth Sciences | Year: 2016

The results of the space monitoring of natural fires during the period 2010–2014 to estimate the areas destroyed by fire, volumes of the emissions of greenhouse gases, and fine particulate aerosols over the entire territory of Russia and its individual regions are presented. The methods of research, the regularities of the seasonal recurrence of fires distinguished in different regions, as well as the peculiarities of emissions of small gas components and aerosols in different months are described. © 2016, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Bondur V.G.,AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace Monitoring | Garagash I.A.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Gokhberg M.B.,Russian Academy of Sciences
Doklady Earth Sciences | Year: 2016

A typical feature of the large scale interaction of seismic active tectonic provinces of Southern California, which is expressed in a relatively fast jump change in the stress state of the crust over 0.5 month, is revealed on the basis of a geomechanical model and the results of instrumental observations for displacements of the crust. This provides us with new possibilities for the short-term prediction of significant seismic events for a period of a week to a month. © 2016, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Bondur V.G.,AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace Monitoring | Kuznetsova T.V.,AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace Monitoring
Izvestiya - Atmospheric and Ocean Physics | Year: 2015

We consider the specific features of remote registration of sources of natural hydrocarbon gas seeps in Arctic water areas to substantiate the possibility of aerospace monitoring of shelf zones prospective for hydrocarbons. The main characteristics of degassing sources and their manifestations at the surface and in the water column have been determined. The areas of the Arctic shelf with potential natural gas shows that can be detected through remote sensing have been identified. We analyze promising aerospace methods for the registration of gas shows in the sea and give examples of hydrocarbon gas seeps observed from space. © 2015, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Bondur V.G.,AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace Monitoring | Vorobev V.E.,AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace Monitoring
Izvestiya - Atmospheric and Ocean Physics | Year: 2015

The results of satellite monitoring of the environmental state of impact Arctic regions subjected to heavy anthropogenic influence are given. We analyze arrays of vegetation indices and complex spectral transformations derived from processed long-term (1973–2013) satellite data for areas around the cities of Arkhangelsk and Zapolyarny (Murmansk oblast). These data have been used to evaluate the changes in the state of the environment and reveal areas of peak anthropogenic impacts causing significant morphologic changes in all kinds of geosystems and strongly affecting the Arctic natural ecosystems. We have identified the impact regions that are subjected to peak anthropogenic impact and found that these areas are associated with specific industrial facilities. © 2015, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Bondur V.G.,AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace Monitoring | Sabinin K.D.,AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace Monitoring | Grebenyuk Y.V.,AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace Monitoring
Izvestiya - Atmospheric and Ocean Physics | Year: 2015

The data on currents near Oahu Island (Hawaii) measured using bottom acoustic current profilers placed at the edge of the shelf in Mamala Bay are analyzed. The variations in the amplitude of inertia-gravity waves (IGWs) are compared with those in background low-frequency currents using specially designed indicators of variations in the magnitude and direction of the currents. It is established that a good connection between the wave amplitude and variability of background currents is observed in cases of local IGW generation, especially if the currents rotate clockwise. This connection becomes weaker in the presence of waves coming from far sources, the role of which can be played, in particular, by IGWs excited by drain water jets flowing from a deep-water diffuser. The obtained results show that IGWs can be associated not only with the action of wind, but also directly with any restructuring of the current field inside the ocean. © 2015, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

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