Advanced Liquid Logic, Inc. | Date: 2017-07-19
A method is described for analyzing at least one condition present in a droplet actuator (1100). The droplet actuator comprises a bottom substrate (1110) separated from a top substrate (1112) by a gap (1114). The bottom substrate includes an arrangement of droplet operations electrodes (1116). Droplet operations are conducted on droplets (1124) located atop droplet operations electrodes (1116). The gap is filed with an oil filler fluid (1122) and an impedance sensing system (1200) is electrically connected to the droplet actuator (1100). The method comprises correlating impedance measurements obtained using the impedance sensing system with at least one condition present in the droplet actuator. The impedance sensing system may comprise an impedance spectrometer. The method may be used to determine a liquid temperature, e.g., droplet temperature, or the interfacial tension of the oil layer and/or droplets, or heat produced as a byproduct of chemical reactions.
Advanced Liquid Logic, Inc. and Duke University | Date: 2016-12-01
Methods and devices for conducting chemical or biochemical reactions that require multiple reaction temperatures are described. The methods involve moving one or more reaction droplets or reaction volumes through various reaction zones having different temperatures on a microfluidics apparatus. The devices comprise a microfluidics apparatus comprising appropriate actuators capable of moving reaction droplets or reaction volumes through the various reaction zones.
Advanced Liquid Logic, Inc. | Date: 2017-02-20
The invention is directed to droplet actuator devices and assay methods. The invention includes assay methods of conducting an assay comprising combining a sample with an umbelliferyl derivative, wherein the sample potentially comprises an enzyme capable of cleaving the umbelliferyl derivative and where the umbelliferyl derivative comprises an umbelliferyl core modified with one or more modifying moieties.
Advanced Liquid Logic, Inc. | Date: 2016-09-15
The invention provides a method of circulating magnetically responsive beads within a droplet in a droplet actuator. The invention also provides methods for splitting droplets. The invention, in one embodiment, makes use of a droplet actuator with top and bottom substrates, a plurality of magnetic fields respectively present proximate the top and bottom substrates, wherein at least one of the magnet fields is selectively alterable, and a plurality of droplet operations electrodes positioned along at least one of the top and bottom surfaces. A droplet is positioned between the top and bottom surfaces and at least one of the magnetic fields is selectively altered.
Advanced Liquid Logic, Inc. | Date: 2016-03-31
The present invention relates to droplet-based particle sorting. According to one embodiment, a droplet microactuator is provided and includes: (a) a suspension of particles; and (b) electrodes arranged for conducting droplet operations using droplets comprising particles. A method of transporting a particle is also provided, wherein the method includes providing a droplet comprising the particle and transporting the droplet on a droplet microactuator.
Advanced Liquid Logic, Inc. | Date: 2016-07-14
The invention relates to bead incubating and washing on a droplet actuator. Methods for incubating magnetically responsive beads that are labeled with primary antibody, a sample (i.e., analyte), and secondary reporter antibodies on a magnet, on and off a magnet, and completely off a magnet are provided. Also provided are methods for washing magnetically responsive beads using shape-assisted merging of droplets. Also provided are methods for shape-mediated splitting, transporting, and dispensing of a sample droplet that contains magnetically responsive beads. The apparatuses and methods of the invention provide for rapid time to result and optimum detection of an analyte in an immunoassay.
Advanced Liquid Logic, Inc. | Date: 2016-07-11
A method of manipulating a droplet comprising providing a substrate comprising a surface; an elongated transport electrode disposed on the substrate surface, the elongated transport electrode having a first and a second end and configured to impart a gradient force to the droplet; and one or more wires for providing power to the transport electrode; and providing power to the one or more wires to effect the gradient force and thereby transport the droplet along the length of the elongated transport electrode from the first end to the second end.
Advanced Liquid Logic, Inc. | Date: 2016-09-28
A method of preparing a nucleic acid library in droplets in contact with oil, including: (a) blunt-ending nucleic acid fragments in a droplet in the oil to yield blunt-ended nucleic acid fragments; (b) phosphorylating the blunt-ended nucleic acid fragments in a droplet in the oil to yield phosphorylated nucleic acid fragments; coupling A-tails to the phosphorylated nucleic acid fragments in a droplet in the oil to yield A-tailed nucleic acid fragments; and (d) coupling nucleic acid adapters to the A-tailed nucleic acid fragments in a droplet in the oil to yield the nucleic acid library comprising adapter-ligated nucleic acid fragments.
Advanced Liquid Logic, Inc. | Date: 2016-05-26
The invention provides a method of redistributing magnetically responsive beads in a droplet. The method may include conducting on a droplet operations surface one or more droplet operations using the droplet without removing the magnetically responsive beads from the region of the magnetic field. The droplet operations may in some cases be electrode-mediated. The droplet operations may redistribute and/or circulate the magnetically responsive beads within the droplet. In some cases, the droplet may include a sample droplet may include a target analyte. The redistributing of the magnetically responsive beads may cause target analyte to bind to the magnetically responsive beads. In some cases, the droplet may include unbound substances in a wash buffer. The redistributing of the magnetically responsive beads causes unbound substances to be freed from interstices of an aggregated set or subset of the magnetically responsive beads.
Advanced Liquid Logic, Inc. | Date: 2016-01-04
The invention relates to a droplet actuator device and methods for integrated sample preparation and analysis of a biological sample. A droplet actuator device is provided for conducting droplet operations. The droplet actuator device may include a bottom substrate and a top substrate separated from each other to form a gap therebetween; an arrangement of droplet operations electrodes arranged on one or both of the bottom and/or top substrates for conducting droplet operations thereon; a reagent storage layer comprising one or more compartments bound to the top substrate; and one or more openings arranged to provide a fluidic path from the one or more compartments into the gap, upon breach of a breachable seal separating the one or more compartments and openings.