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Ioannou S.,University of Parma | Ioannou S.,University of Chieti Pescara | Ioannou S.,Advanced Imaging Technologies | Gallese V.,University of Parma | And 2 more authors.
Psychophysiology | Year: 2014

Functional infrared thermal imaging (fITI) is considered an upcoming, promising methodology in the emotional arena. Driven by sympathetic nerves, observations of affective nature derive from muscular activity subcutaneous blood flow as well as perspiration patterns in specific body parts. A review of 23 experimental procedures that employed fITI for investigations of affective nature is provided, along with the adopted experimental protocol and the thermal changes that took place on selected regions of interest in human and nonhuman subjects. Discussion is provided regarding the selection of an appropriate baseline, the autonomic nature of the thermal print, the experimental setup, methodological issues, limitations, and considerations, as well as future directions. © 2014 The Authors.


Abate M.,Advanced Imaging Technologies | Schiavone C.,Echography Unit | Salini V.,University of Chieti Pescara
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology | Year: 2012

Intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid (HA) are useful in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA), as shown by studies on knee, hip, and trapeziometacarpal joints. The positive results can be explained by several factors: the restoration of elastic and viscous properties of intra-articular fluid, the anti-inflammatory and the anti-nociceptive activity, and the normalisation of hyaluronan synthesis and inhibition of hyaluronic acid degradation. However, evidence of efficacy of hyaluronic acid in ankle osteoarthritis is still lacking: several studies have been performed without a control group, or have shown similar results to those obtained with different therapeutic procedures. The aim of this paper is to analyse the reasons which can explain the discrepancy between the sound biological background and the inconclusive clinical results. First, it must be considered that the ankle joint, from a biomechanical point of view, is more complex than other joints, and that greater stress is sustained by the articular surfaces. Second, the limited benefit can be related to the use of hyaluronic acid mostly in cases of post-traumatic osteoarthritis, where the treatment must be addressed to solve the biomechanical problems, and then to restore the rheological properties of the ankle joint. A third important explanation of the failure may be the improper technique of administration, that has been performed in all studies, but one, without imaging guidance. Indeed, it is well known that hyaluronic acid, if not delivered directly into the intra-articular space, is unlikely to be effective. © Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology 2012.


Sulpizio V.,Laboratory of Neuropsychology | Committeri G.,Advanced Imaging Technologies | Galati G.,Laboratory of Neuropsychology | Galati G.,University of Rome La Sapienza
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Keeping oriented in the environment is a multifaceted ability that requires knowledge of at least three pieces of information: one’s own location (“place”) and orientation (“heading”) within the environment, and which location in the environment one is looking at (“view”). We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in humans to examine the neural signatures of these information. Participants were scanned while viewing snapshots which varied for place, view and heading within a virtual room. We observed adaptation effects, proportional to the physical distances between consecutive places and views, in scene-responsive (retrosplenial complex and parahippocampal gyrus), fronto-parietal and lateral occipital regions. Multivoxel pattern classification of signals in scene-responsive regions and in the hippocampus allowed supra-chance decoding of place, view and heading, and revealed the existence of map-like representations, where places and views closer in physical space entailed activity patterns more similar in neural representational space. The pattern of hippocampal activity reflected both view- and place-based distances, the pattern of parahippocampal activity preferentially discriminated between views, and the pattern of retrosplenial activity combined place and view information, while the fronto-parietal cortex only showed transient effects of changes in place, view, and heading. Our findings provide evidence for the presence of map-like spatial representations which reflect metric distances in terms of both one’s own and landmark locations. © 2014 Sulpizio, Committeri and Galati.


Ambrosini E.,Advanced Imaging Technologies | Costantini M.,Advanced Imaging Technologies | Sinigaglia C.,University of Milan
Journal of Neurophysiology | Year: 2011

When observing someone else acting on an object, people implement goal-specific eye movement programs that are driven by their own motor representation of the observed action. Usually, however, we observe people acting in contexts where more objects, different in shape and size, are present. Is our brain able to select the intended target even when there are different objects in the visual scene? And if this is the case, what kind of information does our motor system capitalize on? We recorded eye movements while participants observed an actor reaching for and grasping one of two objects requiring two different kinds of grip to be picked up. In a control condition, the actor merely reached for and touched one of the two objects without preshaping her hand according to the target features. Results showed higher accuracy and earlier saccadic movements when participants observed an actually grasping hand than when they observed a mere reaching hand devoid of any kind of target-related preshaping. This clearly suggests that the hand preshaping provided the observer with enough motor cues to proactively and reliably saccade toward the object to be grasped, thus identifying it even when the action target was not previously known. Our findings strongly corroborate the direct matching hypothesis suggesting that in processing others' actions, we take advantage of the same motor knowledge that enables us to efficiently perform those actions. © 2011 the American Physiological Society.


Ferri F.,University of Parma | Chiarelli A.M.,Advanced Imaging Technologies | Merla A.,Advanced Imaging Technologies | Gallese V.,University of Parma | Costantini M.,Advanced Imaging Technologies
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences | Year: 2013

More than 100 papers have been published on the rubber hand illusion since its discovery 14 years ago. The illusion has been proposed as a demonstration that the body is distinguished from other objects by its participation in specific forms of intermodal perceptual correlation. Here, we radically challenge this view by claiming that perceptual correlation is not necessary to produce the experience of this body as mine. Each of 15 participants was seated with his/her right arm resting upon a table just below another smaller table. Thus, the real hand was hidden from the participant's view and a life-sized rubber model of a right hand was placed on the small table in front of the participant. The participant observed the experimenter's hand while approaching-without touching-the rubber hand. Phenomenology of the illusion was measured by means of skin conductance response and questionnaire. Both measures indicated that participants experienced the illusion that the experimenter's hand was about to touch their hidden hand rather than the rubber hand, as if the latter replaced their own hand. This did not occur when the rubber hand was rotated by 1808 or replaced by a piece of wood. This illusion indicates that our brain does not build a sense of self in a merely reactive way, via perceptual correlations; rather it generates predictions on what may or may not belong to itself. © 2013 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society All rights reserved.


An acoustic hologram imaging system constructed from a machined housing having folded optics. Various surfaces of the housing are machined to provide a precise alignment to the optical members to be connected thereto, such as a mirror, a lens assembly, a light emitting laser diode, a camera, and the like. A three-part lens is described having different materials with different indexes of refraction in order to provide a desired focus of the light. In addition, an optical spatial filter is disclosed in which, according to various embodiments, all, some, or none of the light passing therethrough is attenuated for recording of the optical image of the hologram.


The global Armored Vehicles Upgrade and Retrofit Market is expected to grow at a CAGR of around 3% during 2016-2021. The vendors in the market focus on technological innovation in order to improve the size and weight of the vehicle thus controlling the overall ownership cost.  Budget cuts and limited customer funding specially in Europe and North America has been the top most restraint of the market which would hamper the market growth in the forecast period. As per the MRFR analysis, modernization of military armored vehicles and need for SWaP reductions are the key factor driving the market. The vendors in the market focus on technological innovation in order to improve the size and weight of the vehicle thus controlling the overall ownership cost.  Budget cuts and limited customer funding specially in Europe and North America has been the top most restraint of the market which would hamper the market growth in the forecast period. Taste the market data and market information presented through more than 70 market data tables and figures spread in 103 numbers of pages of the project report. Avail the in-depth table of content TOC & market synopsis on “Global Armored Vehicles Upgrade and Retrofit Market Research Report- Forecast to 2021” Americas is the dominant player in the market with a market share of around 42%, and is likely to lead both in terms of sales and CAGR in the forecast period. APAC will grow significantly, followed by EMEA and Americas. Many countries in APAC are undergoing major military vehicles modernization programs. As a result, the military armoured vehicle upgrade and retrofit market is expected to witness a substantial growth during the forecast period. Get Discount on this report @ https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/check-discount/global-armored-vehicles-upgrade-and-retrofit-market-research-report-forecast-to-2021 This research report provides detailed insights, into various levels of analyses such industry analysis, market share analysis leading market players and their profiles. This report also helps in studying the target segments by providing views on emerging & high-growth segments and market conclusion. Together the market data comprise and discuss with the basic assessments on the competitive scenarios & strategies, of the Global Vehicles Upgrade And Retrofit Market, including the high-growth regions, countries and their political, economic and technological environments. Furthermore the project report also provides views over the historic market values as well as, pricing and cost analysis of the same. Global Airport Passenger Screening Systems Market Information Report by Type (Metal Detectors, Explosive Trace Detectors, Magneto Static Detectors, Full Body Scanners, Advanced Imaging Technologies) and by Geography - Forecast to 2021 https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/reports/global-airport-passenger-screening-systems-market-research-report-forecast-to-2021


News Article | February 20, 2017
Site: marketersmedia.com

— Market Synopsis The Global Airport Passenger Screening Systems Market is expected to grow at a CAGR of around 4.5% during 2016-2021. Infrastructural development, increase in air traffic, strict regulation to counter security threats are the major factors contributing to the growth and development of the market. Global Airport Passenger Screening Systems Market ($ million), 2016-2021 Europe Middle East and Africa (EMEA) is the leading market with approx. 35% of the market share as of 2015. Asia Pacific will grow at the highest CAGR to reach XX million by 2021. Countries such as China, India, Philippines and Indonesia, are planning to invest over $100 billion in new airports over the next decade to accommodate burgeoning passenger traffic in the region, which would have positive impact on the market. Key Findings • The EMEA market was valued at $XX million in 2014 and is expected to reach $XX million by 2019, growing at a CAGR of around 3% • About 30% of global air traffic are from Asia Pacific and is estimated to reach 50% in the next 20 years, which would propel the passenger screening systems market As per the MRFR analysis, the North American Airport Passenger Screening Systems market is poised to reach $XX Billion in 2021, to grow at a CAGR of around 4.5% during the forecasted period. Whereas, EMEA and Asia Pacific will grow at a CAGR of around XX% and XX% respectively Table of Content 1. Introduction 1.1 Report Description 1.2 Research Objective 2. Executive Summary 2.1 Key Findings / Highlights 2.1.1 Investment Opportunities 2.1.2 Market Strategies 2.1.3 Latest Developments 3. Scope of the Study 3.1 Markets Covered 3.2 Years Considered For the Study (2016-2021) 3.2 Geographic Scope 3.3 Key Stakeholders 4. Assumptions and Limitations 5. Research Methodology 5.1 Primary Research 5.2 Secondary Research 5.3 Econometric and Forecasting Model 6. Market Size Estimation 6.1 Top down Approach 6.2 Bottom up Approach 7. Market Factor Analysis 7.1 Value Chain Analysis 7.2 Supply Chain Analysis 7.3 Porter's Five Forces Analysis 8. Market Dynamics 8.1 Drivers 8.2 Restraints 8.3 Opportunities 8.4 Trends 9. Market Segmentation 9.1 By Airport Passenger Screening Systems Types 9.2 By Region 10. Global Airport Passenger Screening Systems Market by Types, 2016-2021 10.1 Market Size by Types ($ Billions) 10.1.1 Metal Detectors 10.1.2 Explosive Trace Detectors 10.1.3 Magneto Static Detectors 10.1.4 Full Body Scanners 10.1.5 Advanced Imaging Technologies Continue…………….. The market report for Airport Passenger Screening Systems Market of Market Research Future comprises of extensive primary research along with the detailed analysis of qualitative as well as quantitative aspects by various industry experts, key opinion leaders to gain the deeper insight of the market and industry performance. The report gives the clear picture of current market scenario which includes historical and projected market size in terms of value and volume, technological advancement, macro economical and governing factors in the market. The report provides details information and strategies of the top key players in the industry. The report also gives a broad study of the different market segments and regions. Related Report Global Armored Vehicles Upgrade and Retrofit Market is expected to grow at a CAGR of around 3% during 2016-2021 https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/reports/armored-vehicles-upgrade-retrofit-market About Market Research Future: At Market Research Future (MRFR), we enable our customers to unravel the complexity of various industries through our Cooked Research Report (CRR), Half-Cooked Research Reports (HCRR), Raw Research Reports (3R), Continuous-Feed Research (CFR), and Market Research & Consulting Services. For more information, please visit https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/reports/airport-passenger-screening-systems-market


— Market Synopsis The global Armored Vehicles Upgrade and Retrofit Market is expected to grow at a CAGR of around 3% during 2016-2021. The vendors in the market focus on technological innovation in order to improve the size and weight of the vehicle thus controlling the overall ownership cost. Budget cuts and limited customer funding specially in Europe and North America has been the top most restraint of the market which would hamper the market growth in the forecast period. Global armored Vehicles Upgrade and Retrofit Market ($ billion), 2016-2021 As per the MRFR analysis, modernization of military armored vehicles and need for SWaP reductions are the key factor driving the market. The vendors in the market focus on technological innovation in order to improve the size and weight of the vehicle thus controlling the overall ownership cost. Budget cuts and limited customer funding specially in Europe and North America has been the top most restraint of the market which would hamper the market growth in the forecast period. Taste the market data and market information presented through more than 70 market data tables and figures spread in 103 numbers of pages of the project report. Avail the in-depth table of content TOC & market synopsis on “Global Armored Vehicles Upgrade and Retrofit Market Research Report- Forecast to 2021” Key Findings • APAC market was valued at $XX billion in 2015, and is expected to reach $XX billion by 2021, growing at a CAGR of around 5% • To reduce the overall ownership cost (including maintenance), “Cost Per Mile” is new parameter on which vendors are working to bring down maintenance costs, fuel costs, and training and operating costs. • Vetronics (vehicle electronics) is the most expensive part of the armored vehicle Regional and Country Analysis Americas is the dominant player in the market with a market share of around 42%, and is likely to lead both in terms of sales and CAGR in the forecast period. APAC will grow significantly, followed by EMEA and Americas. Many countries in APAC are undergoing major military vehicles modernization programs. As a result, the military armoured vehicle upgrade and retrofit market is expected to witness a substantial growth during the forecast period. Table of Content 1. Introduction 1.1 Report Description 1.2 Research Objective 2. Executive Summary 2.1 Key Findings / Highlights 2.1.1 Investment Opportunities 2.1.2 Market Strategies 2.1.3 Latest Developments 3. Scope of the Study 3.1 Markets Covered 3.2 Years Considered For the Study (2016-2021) 3.2 Geographic Scope 3.3 Key Stakeholders 4. Assumptions and Limitations 5. Research Methodology 5.1 Primary Research 5.2 Secondary Research 5.3 Econometric and Forecasting Model 6. Market Size Estimation 6.1 Top down Approach 6.2 Bottom up Approach 7. Market Factor Analysis 7.1 Value Chain Analysis 7.2 Supply Chain Analysis 7.3 Porter's Five Forces Analysis 8. Market Dynamics 8.1 Drivers 8.2 Restraints 8.3 Opportunities 8.4 Trends 9. Market Segmentation 9.1 By Vehicle Types 9.2 By Region 10. Global Armored Vehicles Upgrade and Retrofit Market by Vehicle Types, 2016-2021 10.1 Market Size by Vehicle Types ($ Billions) 10.1.1 Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC) 10.1.2 Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) 10.1.3 Main Battle Tank (MBT) 10.1.4 Others Continue……… Get Discount on this report @ https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/check-discount/global-armored-vehicles-upgrade-and-retrofit-market-research-report-forecast-to-2021 This research report provides detailed insights, into various levels of analyses such industry analysis, market share analysis leading market players and their profiles. This report also helps in studying the target segments by providing views on emerging & high-growth segments and market conclusion. Together the market data comprise and discuss with the basic assessments on the competitive scenarios & strategies, of the Global Vehicles Upgrade And Retrofit Market, including the high-growth regions, countries and their political, economic and technological environments. Furthermore the project report also provides views over the historic market values as well as, pricing and cost analysis of the same. Related Report Global Airport Passenger Screening Systems Market Information Report by Type (Metal Detectors, Explosive Trace Detectors, Magneto Static Detectors, Full Body Scanners, Advanced Imaging Technologies) and by Geography - Forecast to 2021 https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/reports/global-airport-passenger-screening-systems-market-research-report-forecast-to-2021 About Market Research Future: At Market Research Future (MRFR), we enable our customers to unravel the complexity of various industries through our Cooked Research Report (CRR), Half-Cooked Research Reports (HCRR), Raw Research Reports (3R), Continuous-Feed Research (CFR), and Market Research & Consulting Services. For more information, please visit https://www.marketresearchfuture.com/reports/global-armored-vehicles-upgrade-and-retrofit-market-research-report-forecast-to-2021

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